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Federal Free Printable 2019 Instruction 1040 for 2020 Federal Form 1040 Instructional Booklet

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Form 1040 Instructional Booklet
2019 Instruction 1040

TAX YEAR 2019 1040 and 1040-SR R INSTRUCTIONS Including the instructions for Schedules 1 through 3 2019 Changes • Form 1040 has been redesigned. • Form 1040-SR, a new form, is available for use by taxpayers age 65 and older. • These instructions cover both Forms 1040 and 1040-SR. For details on these and other changes, see What’s New in these instructions. Future Developments See IRS.gov and IRS.gov/Forms, and for the latest information about developments related to Forms 1040 and 1040-SR and their instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to IRS.gov/Form1040. Free File is the fast, safe, and free way to prepare and e-file your taxes. See IRS.gov/FreeFile. Pay Online. It’s fast, simple, and secure. Go to IRS.gov/Payments. Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service www.irs.gov Jan 08, 2020 Cat. No. 24811V Table of Contents Contents Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Page Contents Page What's New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Assemble Your Return . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Filing Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Do You Have To File? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 When and Where Should You File? . . . . . 8 2019 Tax Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Line Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Name and Address . . . . . . . . . . Social Security Number (SSN) . . Dependents, Qualifying Child for Child Tax Credit, and Credit for Other Dependents . . . . . . . . . Income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total Income and Adjusted Gross Income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax and Credits . . . . . . . . . . . . Payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Refund . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amount You Owe . . . . . . . . . . . Sign Your Return . . . . . . . . . . . General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Refund Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 12 14 14 Instructions for Schedule 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Instructions for Schedule 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Instructions for Schedule 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Tax Topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 . . . . . 16 . . . . . 20 Disclosure, Privacy Act, and Paperwork Reduction Act Notice . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 29 29 37 55 58 60 Order Form for Forms and Publications . . . 102 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -2- Major Categories of Federal Income and Outlays for Fiscal Year 2018 . . . . . . . 103 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Form 1040 and 1040-SR Helpful Hints For 2019, you will use Form 1040 or, if you were born before January 2, 1955, you have the option to use new Form 1040-SR. You may only need to file Form 1040 or 1040-SR and none of the numbered schedules, Schedules 1 through 3. However, if your return is more complicated (for example, you claim certain deductions or credits or owe additional taxes), you will need to complete one or more of the numbered schedules. Below is a general guide to which schedule(s) you will need to file based on your circumstances. See the instructions for the schedules for more information. If you e-file your return, you generally won't notice much of a change and the software you use will generally determine which schedules you need. IF YOU... THEN USE... Have additional income, such as business or farm income or loss, unemployment compensation, prize or award money, or gambling winnings. Schedule 1, Part I Have any deductions to claim, such as student loan interest deduction, self-employment tax, or educator expenses. Schedule 1, Part II Owe AMT or need to make an excess advance premium tax credit repayment. Schedule 2, Part I Owe other taxes, such as self-employment tax, household employment taxes, additional tax on IRAs or other qualified retirement plans and tax-favored accounts. Schedule 2, Part II Can claim a nonrefundable credit other than the child tax credit or the credit for other dependents, such as the foreign tax credit, education credits, or general business credit. Schedule 3, Part I Can claim a refundable credit other than the earned income credit, American opportunity credit, or additional child tax credit, such as the net premium tax credit or health coverage tax credit. Have other payments, such as an amount paid with a request for an extension to file or excess social security tax withheld. -3- Schedule 3, Part II The Taxpayer Advocate Service Is Here To Help You What is the Taxpayer Advocate Service? The Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) is an independent organization within the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that helps taxpayers and protects taxpayer rights. Our job is to ensure that every taxpayer is treated fairly and that you know and understand your rights under the Taxpayer Bill of Rights. What can the Taxpayer Advocate Service do for you? We can help you resolve problems that you can’t resolve with the IRS. And our service is free. If you qualify for our assistance, you will be assigned to one advocate who will work with you throughout the process and will do everything possible to resolve your issue. TAS can help you if: • Your problem is causing financial difficulty for you, your family, or your business. • You face (or your business is facing) an immediate threat of adverse action. • You’ve tried repeatedly to contact the IRS but no one has responded, or the IRS hasn’t responded by the date promised. How can you reach us? We have offices in every state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Your local advocate’s number is at www.TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov and in your local directory. You can also call us at 877-777-4778. How can you learn about your taxpayer rights? The Taxpayer Bill of Rights describes ten basic rights that all taxpayers have when dealing with the IRS. Our Tax Toolkit at www.TaxpayerAdvocate.IRS.gov can help you understand what these rights mean to you and how they apply. These are your rights. Know them. Use them. How else does the Taxpayer Advocate Service help taxpayers? TAS works to resolve large-scale problems that affect many taxpayers. If you know of one of these broad issues, please report it to us at IRS.gov/SAMS. Low Income Taxpayer Clinics Help Taxpayers Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) are independent from the IRS. Some serve individuals whose income is below a certain level and who need to resolve a tax problem. These clinics provide professional representation before the IRS or in court on audits, appeals, tax collection disputes, and other issues for free or for a small fee. Some clinics provide information about taxpayer rights and responsibilities in many different languages for individuals who speak English as a second language. For more information, and to find a clinic near you, read the LITC page on IRS.gov/LITC or IRS Publication 4134, Low Income Taxpayer Clinic List. You can also get this publication at your local IRS office or by calling 800-829-3676. Suggestions for Improving the IRS Taxpayer Advocacy Panel Have a suggestion for improving the IRS and do not know who to contact? The Taxpayer Advocacy Panel (TAP) is a diverse group of citizen volunteers who listen to taxpayers, identify taxpayers’ issues, and make suggestions for improving IRS service and customer satisfaction. The panel is demographically and geographically diverse, with at least one member from each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Contact TAP at www.improveirs.org or 888-912-1227 (toll-free). -4- Affordable Care Act — What You Need To Know Requirement To Reconcile Advance Payments of the Premium Tax Credit The premium tax credit helps pay premiums for health insurance purchased from the Marketplace. Eligible individuals may have advance payments of the premium tax credit made on their behalf directly to the insurance company. If you or a family member enrolled in health insurance through the Marketplace and advance payments of the premium tax credit were made to your insurance company to reduce your monthly premium payment, you must attach Form 8962 to your return to reconcile (compare) the advance payments with your premium tax credit for the year. The Marketplace is required to send Form 1095-A by January 31, 2020, listing the advance payments and other information you need to complete Form 8962. 1. You will need Form 1095-A from the Marketplace. 2. Complete Form 8962 to claim the credit and to reconcile your advance credit payments. 3. Include Form 8962 with your Form 1040, Form 1040-SR, or Form 1040-NR. (Don’t include Form 1095-A.) Health Coverage Reporting If you or someone in your family was an employee in 2019, the employer may be required to send you Form 1095-C. Part II of Form 1095-C shows whether your employer offered you health insurance coverage and, if so, information about the offer. You should receive Form 1095-C by early March 2020. This information may be relevant if you purchased health insurance coverage for 2019 through the Health Insurance Marketplace and wish to claim the premium tax credit on Schedule 3, line 9. However, you don’t need to wait to receive this form to file your return. You may rely on other information received from your employer. If you don’t wish to claim the premium tax credit for 2019, you don’t need the information in Part II of Form 1095-C. For more information on who is eligible for the premium tax credit, see the Instructions for Form 8962. Reminder: Health care coverage. If you need health care coverage, go to www.HealthCare.gov to learn about health insurance options for you and your family, how to buy health insurance, and how you might qualify to get financial assistance to buy health insurance. -5- What's New Form 1040-SR. Form 1040-SR, U.S. Tax Return for Seniors, has been introduced for 2019. You can use this form if you were born before January 2, 1955. The form generally mirrors Form 1040. These instructions cover both Forms 1040 and 1040-SR. Fewer numbered schedules. This year, there are only 3 numbered schedules instead of 6. Schedules 2 and 4 were combined into Schedule 2 and it's where you will report any additional taxes you may owe. Schedules 3 and 5 were combined into Schedule 3 and it’s where you will report any credits that you didn't claim on Form 1040 or 1040-SR. IRA and pension reporting. You will now report your IRA distributions and pensions and annuities on separate lines. Use lines 4a and 4b on Form 1040 or 1040-SR to report IRA distributions and the taxable amount. Use new lines 4c and 4d to report pensions and annuities and the taxable amount. See the instructions for Lines 4a and 4b and Lines 4c and 4d, later. Capital gain or (loss) is now reported on line 6. In 2018, capital gain or (loss) was reported on Schedule 1 (Form 1040), line 13. In 2019, it will be reported on Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 6. Health care coverage shared responsibility payment. For 2019 you no longer need to either make a shared responsibility payment or file Form 8965 if you don't have minimum essential health care coverage for part or all of 2019. The “Full-year health care coverage or exempt” box has been removed from Form 1040. Standard deduction amount increased. For 2019, the standard deduction amount has been increased for all filers. The amounts are: • Single or Married filing separately—$12,200. For information about any additional changes to the 2019 tax law or any other developments affecting Form 1040 or 1040-SR or the instructions, go to IRS.gov/ Form1040. • Married filing jointly or Qualifying widow(er)—$24,400. • Head of household—$18,350. Qualified business income deduction. The simplified worksheet for figuring your qualified business income deduction is now Form 8995, Qualified Business Income Deduction Simplified Computation. If you don’t meet the requirements to file Form 8995, use Form 8995-A, Qualified Business Income Deduction. For more information, see each form’s instructions. Alternative minimum tax (AMT) exemption amount increased. The AMT exemption amount is increased to $71,700 ($111,700 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er); $55,850 if married filing separately). The income levels at which the AMT exemption begins to phase out have increased to $510,300 ($1,020,600 if married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er)). Qualified opportunity investment. If you held a qualified investment in a qualified opportunity fund at any time during the year, you must attach Form 8997, Initial and Annual Statement of Qualified Opportunity Fund (QOF) Investments, to your return. For more information, see Form 8997 and its instructions. Virtual currency. If, in 2019, you engaged in a transaction involving virtual currency you will need to file Schedule 1. See the instructions for Schedule 1 for more information. Email address. An optional field for your email address has been added to Forms 1040 and 1040-SR. Medicaid waiver payments. Changes have been made to how Medicaid waiver payments are treated for purposes of the earned income credit. See the instructions for line 18a. -6- Extended tax provisions. Recent legislation extended certain tax benefits that had expired at the end of 2017. These tax benefits include the following. • Tuition and fees deduction. • Deduction for mortgage insurance premiums. • Nonbusiness energy property credit. • Alternative fuel vehicle refueling credit. • Indian employment credit. If you are eligible for one or more of these benefits in 2019, you can claim them on your 2019 return. If you are eligible for one or more of these benefits for tax year 2018, you will need to file an amended return, Form 1040-X, to claim them. See IRS.gov/Form1040X for more information about amending a tax return. Disaster tax relief. Disaster tax relief was enacted for those impacted by certain federally declared disasters. The tax benefits provided by this relief include the following. • An increased standard deduction based on your qualified disaster losses. See the instructions for line 9 and the Instructions for Schedule A for information on qualifying for and figuring the increased standard deduction. • Election to use your 2018 earned income to figure your 2019 earned income credit. See the instructions for line 18a for more information on this election. • Election to use your 2018 earned income to figure your 2019 additional child tax credit. See the instructions for line 18b and the Instructions for Schedule 8812 for more information on this election. Free Software Options for Doing Your Taxes Why have 49 million Americans used Free File? • Security—Free File uses the latest encryption technology to safeguard your information. • Flexible Payments—File early; pay by April 15, 2020 (for most people). • Greater Accuracy—Fewer errors mean faster processing. • Quick Receipt—Get an acknowledgment that your return was received and accepted. • Go Green—Reduce the amount of paper used. • It’s Free—through IRS.gov/FreeFile. • Faster Refunds—Join the eight in 10 taxpayers who get their refunds faster by using direct deposit and e-file. Do Your Taxes for Free If your adjusted gross income was $69,000 or less in 2019, you can use free tax software to prepare and e-file your tax return. Earned more? Use Free File Fillable Forms. Free File. This public–private partnership, between the IRS and tax software providers, makes approximately a dozen brand name commercial software products and e-file available for free. Seventy percent of the nation’s taxpayers are eligible. Just visit IRS.gov/FreeFile for details. Free File combines all the benefits of e-file and easy-to-use software at no cost. Guided questions will help ensure you get all the tax credits and deductions you are due. It’s fast, safe, and free. You can review each software provider’s criteria for free usage or use an online tool to find which free software products match your situation. Some software providers offer state tax return preparation for free. Free File Fillable Forms. The IRS offers electronic versions of IRS paper forms that also can be e-filed for free. Free File Fillable Forms is best for people experienced in preparing their own tax returns. There are no income limitations. Free File Fillable Forms does basic math calculations. It supports only federal tax forms. Free Tax Help Available Nationwide Volunteers are available in communities nationwide providing free tax assistance to low-to-moderate income (generally under $56,000 in adjusted gross income) and elderly taxpayers (age 60 and older). At selected sites, taxpayers can input and electronically file their own tax return with the assistance of an IRS-certified volunteer. See How To Get Tax Help near the end of these instructions for additional information or visit IRS.gov (Keyword: VITA) for a VITA/TCE site near you! IRS.gov is the gateway to all electronic services offered by the IRS, as well as the spot to download forms at IRS.gov/Forms. Make your tax payments electronically—it’s easy. You can make electronic payments online, by phone, or from a mobile device. Paying electronically is safe and secure. The IRS uses the latest encryption technology and doesn’t store the bank account number you use to submit your payment. When you use any of the IRS electronic payment options, it puts you in control of paying your tax bill and gives you peace of mind. You determine the payment date, and you will receive an immediate confirmation from the IRS. It’s easy, secure, and much quicker than mailing in a check or money order. Go to IRS.gov/Payments to see all your electronic payment options. -7- Filing Requirements Do You Have To File? Use Chart A, B, or C to see if you must file a return. U.S. citizens who lived in or had income from a U.S. possession should see Pub. 570. Residents of Puerto Rico can use Tax Topic 901 to see if they must file. Even if you do not otherwise TIP have to file a return, you should file one to get a refund of any federal income tax withheld. You also should file if you are eligible for any of the following credits. • • • • • • Earned income credit. Additional child tax credit. American opportunity credit. Credit for federal tax on fuels. Premium tax credit. Health coverage tax credit. See Pub. 501 for details. Also see Pub. 501 if you do not have to file but received a Form 1099-B (or substitute statement). Requirement to reconcile advance payments of the premium tax credit. If you, your spouse with whom you are filing a joint return, or a dependent was enrolled in coverage through the Marketplace for 2019 and advance payments of the premium tax credit were made for this coverage, you must file a 2019 return and attach Form 8962. You (or whoever enrolled you) should have received Form 1095-A from the Marketplace with information about your coverage and any advance payments. You must attach Form 8962 even if someone else enrolled you, your spouse, or your dependent. If you are a dependent who is claimed on someone else's 2019 return, you do not have to attach Form 8962. Exception for certain children under age 19 or full-time students. If certain conditions apply, you can elect to in- These rules apply to all U.S. citizens, regardless of where they live, and resident aliens. Have you tried IRS e-file? It's the fastest way to get your refund and it's free if you are eligible. Visit IRS.gov for details. clude on your return the income of a child who was under age 19 at the end of 2019 or was a full-time student under age 24 at the end of 2019. To do so, use Form 8814. If you make this election, your child doesn't have to file a return. For details, use Tax Topic 553 or see Form 8814. A child born on January 1, 1996, is considered to be age 24 at the end of 2019. Do not use Form 8814 for such a child. Resident aliens. These rules also apply if you were a resident alien. Also, you may qualify for certain tax treaty benefits. See Pub. 519 for details. Nonresident aliens and dual-status aliens. These rules also apply if you were a nonresident alien or a dual-status alien and both of the following apply. • You were married to a U.S. citizen or resident alien at the end of 2019. • You elected to be taxed as a resident alien. See Pub. 519 for details. Specific rules apply to determine if you are a resident alien, CAUTION nonresident alien, or dual-status alien. Most nonresident aliens and dual-status aliens have different filing requirements and may have to file Form 1040-NR or Form 1040-NR-EZ. Pub. 519 discusses these requirements and other information to help aliens comply with U.S. tax law. ! When and Where Should You File? File Form 1040 or 1040-SR by April 15, 2020. If you file after this date, you may have to pay interest and penalties. See Interest and Penalties, later. If you were serving in, or in support of, the U.S. Armed Forces in a designated combat zone or contingency opera- -8- tion, you may be able to file later. See Pub. 3 for details. If you e-file your return, there is no need to mail it. However, if you choose to mail it, filing instructions and addresses are at the end of these instructions. What if You Can't File on Time? You can get an automatic 6-month extension if, no later than the date your return is due, you file Form 4868. For details, see Form 4868. Instead of filing Form 4868, you can apply for an automatic extension by making an electronic payment by the due date of your return. An automatic 6-month extension to file doesn't extend the CAUTION time to pay your tax. If you don’t pay your tax by the original due date of your return, you will owe interest on the unpaid tax and may owe penalties. See Form 4868. ! If you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien, you may qualify for an automatic extension of time to file without filing Form 4868. You qualify if, on the due date of your return, you meet one of the following conditions. • You live outside the United States and Puerto Rico and your main place of business or post of duty is outside the United States and Puerto Rico. • You are in military or naval service on duty outside the United States and Puerto Rico. This extension gives you an extra 2 months to file and pay the tax, but interest will be charged from the original due date of the return on any unpaid tax. You must include a statement showing that you meet the requirements. If you are still unable to file your return by the end of the 2-month period, you can get an additional 4 months if, no later than June 15, 2020, you file Form 4868. This 4-month extension of time to file doesn't extend the time to pay your tax. See Form 4868. Private Delivery Services If you choose to mail your return, you can use certain private delivery services designated by the IRS to meet the "timely mailing treated as timely filing/ paying" rule for tax returns and payments. These private delivery services include only the following. • DHL Express 9:00, DHL Express 10:30, DHL Express 12:00, DHL Ex- press Worldwide, DHL Express Envelope, DHL Import Express 10:30, DHL Import Express 12:00, and DHL Import Express Worldwide. • UPS Next Day Air Early A.M., UPS Next Day Air, UPS Next Day Air Saver, UPS 2nd Day Air, UPS 2nd Day Air A.M., UPS Worldwide Express Plus, and UPS Worldwide Express. • FedEx First Overnight, FedEx Priority Overnight, FedEx Standard Overnight, FedEx 2 Day, FedEx International Next Flight Out, FedEx International Priority, FedEx International First, and FedEx International Economy. To check for any updates to the list of designated private delivery services, go to IRS.gov/PDS. For the IRS mailing address to use if you’re using a private delivery service, go to IRS.gov/ PDSStreetAddresses. The private delivery service can tell you how to get written proof of the mailing date. Chart A—For Most People IF your filing status is . . . AND at the end of 2019 you were* . . . THEN file a return if your gross income** was at least . . . Single under 65 65 or older $12,200 13,850 Married filing jointly*** under 65 (both spouses) 65 or older (one spouse) 65 or older (both spouses) $24,400 25,700 27,000 Married filing separately any age Head of household under 65 65 or older $18,350 20,000 Qualifying widow(er) under 65 65 or older $24,400 25,700 $5 *If you were born on January 1, 1955, you are considered to be age 65 at the end of 2019. (If your spouse died in 2019 or if you are preparing a return for someone who died in 2019, see Pub. 501.) **Gross income means all income you received in the form of money, goods, property, and services that isn't exempt from tax, including any income from sources outside the United States or from the sale of your main home (even if you can exclude part or all of it). Don’t include any social security benefits unless (a) you are married filing a separate return and you lived with your spouse at any time in 2019, or (b) one-half of your social security benefits plus your other gross income and any tax-exempt interest is more than $25,000 ($32,000 if married filing jointly). If (a) or (b) applies, see the instructions for lines 5a and 5b to figure the taxable part of social security benefits you must include in gross income. Gross income includes gains, but not losses, reported on Form 8949 or Schedule D. Gross income from a business means, for example, the amount on Schedule C, line 7, or Schedule F, line 9. But, in figuring gross income, don’t reduce your income by any losses, including any loss on Schedule C, line 7, or Schedule F, line 9. ***If you didn't live with your spouse at the end of 2019 (or on the date your spouse died) and your gross income was at least $5, you must file a return regardless of your age. -9- Chart B—For Children and Other Dependents (See Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, later.) If your parent (or someone else) can claim you as a dependent, use this chart to see if you must file a return. In this chart, unearned income includes taxable interest, ordinary dividends, and capital gain distributions. It also includes unemployment compensation, taxable social security benefits, pensions, annuities, and distributions of unearned income from a trust. Earned income includes salaries, wages, tips, professional fees, and taxable scholarship and fellowship grants. Gross income is the total of your unearned and earned income. Single dependents. Were you either age 65 or older or blind? No. You must file a return if any of the following apply. • Your unearned income was over $1,100. • Your earned income was over $12,200. • Your gross income was more than the larger of— • $1,100, or • Your earned income (up to $11,850) plus $350. Yes. You must file a return if any of the following apply. • Your unearned income was over $2,750 ($4,400 if 65 or older and blind). • Your earned income was over $13,850 ($15,500 if 65 or older and blind). • Your gross income was more than the larger of— • • $2,750 ($4,400 if 65 or older and blind), or Your earned income (up to $11,850) plus $2,000 ($3,650 if 65 or older and blind). Married dependents. Were you either age 65 or older or blind? No. You must file a return if any of the following apply. • Your unearned income was over $1,100. • Your earned income was over $12,200. • Your gross income was at least $5 and your spouse files a separate return and itemizes deductions. • Your gross income was more than the larger of— • $1,100, or • Your earned income (up to $11,850) plus $350. Yes. You must file a return if any of the following apply. • Your unearned income was over $2,400 ($3,700 if 65 or older and blind). • Your earned income was over $13,500 ($14,800 if 65 or older and blind). • Your gross income was at least $5 and your spouse files a separate return and itemizes deductions. • Your gross income was more than the larger of— • • $2,400 ($3,700 if 65 or older and blind), or Your earned income (up to $11,850) plus $1,650 ($2,950 if 65 or older and blind). -10- Chart C—Other Situations When You Must File You must file a return if any of the seven conditions below apply for 2019. 1. You owe any special taxes, including any of the following. a. Alternative minimum tax. b. Additional tax on a qualified plan, including an individual retirement arrangement (IRA), or other tax-favored account. But if you are filing a return only because you owe this tax, you can file Form 5329 by itself. c. Household employment taxes. But if you are filing a return only because you owe this tax, you can file Schedule H by itself. d. Social security and Medicare tax on tips you didn't report to your employer or on wages you received from an employer who didn't withhold these taxes. e. Write-in taxes, including uncollected social security and Medicare or RRTA tax on tips you reported to your employer or on group-term life insurance and additional taxes on health savings accounts. See the instructions for Schedule 2, line 8. f. Recapture taxes. See the instructions for line 12a and Schedule 2, lines 7b and 8. 2. You (or your spouse, if filing jointly) received health savings account, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA distributions. 3. You had net earnings from self-employment of at least $400. 4. You had wages of $108.28 or more from a church or qualified church-controlled organization that is exempt from employer social security and Medicare taxes. 5. Advance payments of the premium tax credit were made for you, your spouse, or a dependent who enrolled in coverage through the Marketplace. You or whoever enrolled you should have received Form(s) 1095-A showing the amount of the advance payments. 6. Advance payments of the health coverage tax credit were made for you, your spouse, or a dependent. You or whoever enrolled you should have received Form(s) 1099-H showing the amount of the advance payments. 7. You are required to include amounts in income under section 965 or you have a net tax liability under section 965 that you are paying in installments under section 965(h) or deferred by making an election under section 965(i). -11- Need more information or forms? Visit IRS.gov. Line Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR ! Also see the instructions for Schedule 1 through Schedule 3 that follow the Form 1040 and 1040-SR instructions. CAUTION Free File makes available free brand-name software and free e-file. Visit IRS.gov/ FreeFile for details and to see if you are eligible. What form to file. Everyone can file Form 1040. Form 1040-SR is available to you if you were born before January 2, 1955. Fiscal year filers. If you are a fiscal year filer using a tax year other than January 1 through December 31, 2019, write “Tax Year” and the beginning and ending months of your fiscal year in the top margin of page 1 of Form 1040 or 1040-SR. Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code. Write-in information. If you need to write a word, code, and/or dollar amount on Form 1040 or 1040-SR to explain an item of income or deduction, but don't have enough space to enter the word, code, and/or dollar amount, you can put an asterisk next to the applicable line number and put a footnote at the bottom of page 2 of Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR indicating the line number and the word, code, and/or dollar amount you need to enter. For example, if you received wages as a household employee and didn't receive a W-2 because you were paid only $2,000, the instructions for line 1 state that you must enter “HSH” and the amount of the wages next to line 7. You may instead put an asterisk next to line 7 and in the white space at the bottom of page 2 of Form 1040 or 1040-SR enter “*Line 7: HSH $2,000.” Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code. Filing Status Check only the filing status that applies to you. The ones that will usually give you the lowest tax are listed last. • Married filing separately. • Single. • Head of household. • Married filing jointly. • Qualifying widow(er). For information about marital status, see Pub. 501. More than one filing status can TIP apply to you. You can choose the one that will give you the lowest tax. Single You can check the “Single” box at the top of Form 1040 or 1040-SR if any of the following was true on December 31, 2019. • You were never married. • You were legally separated according to your state law under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance. But if, at the end of 2019, your divorce wasn't final (an interlocutory decree), you are considered married and can't check the box. • You were widowed before January 1, 2019, and didn't remarry before the end of 2019. But if you have a child, you may be able to use the qualifying widow(er) filing status. See the instructions for Qualifying Widow(er), later. Married Filing Jointly You can check the “Married filing jointly” box at the top of Form 1040 or 1040-SR if any of the following apply. • You were married at the end of 2019, even if you didn't live with your spouse at the end of 2019. • Your spouse died in 2019 and you didn't remarry in 2019. • You were married at the end of 2019 and your spouse died in 2020 before filing a 2019 return. A married couple filing jointly report their combined income and deduct their combined allowable expenses on one return. They can file a joint return even if only one had income or if they didn't live together all year. However, both persons must sign the return. Once you file a joint return, you can't choose to Need more information or forms? Visit IRS.gov. -12- file separate returns for that year after the due date of the return. Joint and several tax liability. If you file a joint return, both you and your spouse are generally responsible for the tax and interest or penalties due on the return. This means that if one spouse doesn't pay the tax due, the other may have to. Or, if one spouse doesn't report the correct tax, both spouses may be responsible for any additional taxes assessed by the IRS. You may want to file separately if: • You believe your spouse isn't reporting all of his or her income, or • You don’t want to be responsible for any taxes due if your spouse doesn't have enough tax withheld or doesn't pay enough estimated tax. See the instructions for Married Filing Separately. Also see Innocent Spouse Relief under General Information, later. Nonresident aliens and dual-status aliens. Generally, a married couple can't file a joint return if either spouse is a nonresident alien at any time during the year. However, if you were a nonresident alien or a dual-status alien and were married to a U.S. citizen or resident alien at the end of 2019, you can elect to be treated as a resident alien and file a joint return. See Pub. 519 for details. Married Filing Separately Check the “Married filing separately” box at the top of Form 1040 or 1040-SR if you are married and file a separate return. Enter your spouse’s name in the entry space below the filing status checkboxes. Be sure to enter your spouse’s SSN or ITIN in the space for spouse’s SSN on Form 1040 or 1040-SR. If your spouse doesn’t have and isn’t required to have an SSN or ITIN, enter “NRA.” If you are married and file a separate return, you generally report only your own income, deductions, and credits. Generally, you are responsible only for the tax on your own income. Different rules apply to people in community property states; see Pub. 555. However, you usually will pay more tax than if you use another filing status for which you qualify. Also, if you file a separate return, you can't take the student loan interest deduction, the tuition and fees deduction, the education credits, or the earned income credit. You also can't take the standard deduction if your spouse itemizes deductions. You may be able to file as head TIP of household if you had a child living with you and you lived apart from your spouse during the last 6 months of 2019. See Married persons who live apart. Head of Household You can check the “Head of household” box at the top of Form 1040 or 1040-SR if you are unmarried and provide a home for certain other persons. You are considered unmarried for this purpose if any of the following applies. • You were legally separated according to your state law under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance at the end of 2019. But if, at the end of 2019, your divorce wasn't final (an interlocutory decree), you are considered married. • You are married but lived apart from your spouse for the last 6 months of 2019 and you meet the other rules under Married persons who live apart. • You are married to a nonresident alien at any time during the year and the alien spouse elects to be treated as a resident alien. Check the “Head of household” box only if you are unmarried (or considered unmarried) and either Test 1 or Test 2 applies. Test 1. You paid over half the cost of keeping up a home that was the main home for all of 2019 of your parent whom you can claim as a dependent, except under a multiple support agreement (see Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, later). Your parent didn't have to live with you. Test 2. You paid over half the cost of keeping up a home in which you lived and in which one of the following also lived for more than half of the year (if half or less, see Exception to time lived with you). 1. Any person whom you can claim as a dependent. But don’t include: a. Your child whom you claim as your dependent because of the rule for Children of divorced or separated parents under Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, later, b. Any person who is your dependent only because he or she lived with you for all of 2019, or c. Any person you claimed as a dependent under a multiple support agreement. See Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, later. 2. Your unmarried qualifying child who isn't your dependent. 3. Your married qualifying child who isn't your dependent only because you can be claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2019 return. 4. Your qualifying child who, even though you are the custodial parent, isn't your dependent because of the rule for Children of divorced or separated parents under Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, later. If the child isn't claimed as your dependent, enter the child's name in the entry space below the filing status checkboxes. If you don’t enter the name, it will take us longer to process your return. Qualifying child. To find out if someone is your qualifying child, see Step 1 under Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, later. -13- Dependent. To find out if someone is your dependent, see Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, later. The dependents you claim are TIP those you list by name and SSN in the Dependents section on Form 1040 or 1040-SR. Exception to time lived with you. Temporary absences by you or the other person for special circumstances, such as school, vacation, business, medical care, military service, or detention in a juvenile facility, count as time lived in the home. Also see Kidnapped child, later, under Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, if applicable. If the person for whom you kept up a home was born or died in 2019, you still may be able to file as head of household. If the person is your qualifying child, the child must have lived with you for more than half the part of the year he or she was alive. If the person is anyone else, see Pub. 501. Keeping up a home. To find out what is included in the cost of keeping up a home, see Pub. 501. Married persons who live apart. Even if you weren’t divorced or legally separated at the end of 2019, you are considered unmarried if all of the following apply. • You lived apart from your spouse for the last 6 months of 2019. Temporary absences for special circumstances, such as for business, medical care, school, or military service, count as time lived in the home. • You file a separate return from your spouse. • You paid over half the cost of keeping up your home for 2019. • Your home was the main home of your child, stepchild, or foster child for more than half of 2019 (if half or less, see Exception to time lived with you, earlier). • You can claim this child as your dependent or could claim the child except that the child's other parent can claim him or her under the rule for Children of divorced or separated parents under Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, later. Adopted child. An adopted child is always treated as your own child. An Need more information or forms? Visit IRS.gov. adopted child includes a child lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Foster child. A foster child is any child placed with you by an authorized placement agency or by judgment, decree, or other order of any court of competent jurisdiction. Qualifying Widow(er) You can check the “Qualifying widow(er)” box at the top of Form 1040 or 1040-SR and use joint return tax rates for 2019 if all of the following apply. 1. Your spouse died in 2017 or 2018 and you didn't remarry before the end of 2019. 2. You have a child or stepchild (not a foster child) whom you can claim as a dependent or could claim as a dependent except that, for 2019: a. The child had gross income of $4,200 or more, b. The child filed a joint return, or c. You could be claimed as a dependent on someone else’s return. If the child isn’t claimed as your dependent, enter the child’s name in the entry space below the filing status checkboxes. If you don’t enter the name, it will take us longer to process your return. 3. This child lived in your home for all of 2019. If the child didn't live with you for the required time, see Exception to time lived with you, later. 4. You paid over half the cost of keeping up your home. 5. You could have filed a joint return with your spouse the year he or she died, even if you didn't actually do so. If your spouse died in 2019, you can't file as qualifying widow(er). Instead, see the instructions for Married Filing Jointly, earlier. Adopted child. An adopted child is always treated as your own child. An adopted child includes a child lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. Dependent. To find out if someone is your dependent, see Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, later. The dependents you claim are TIP those you list by name and SSN in the Dependents section on Form 1040 or 1040-SR. Exception to time lived with you. Temporary absences by you or the child for special circumstances, such as school, vacation, business, medical care, military service, or detention in a juvenile facility, count as time lived in the home. Also see Kidnapped child, later, under Who Qualifies as Your Dependent, if applicable. A child is considered to have lived with you for all of 2019 if the child was born or died in 2019 and your home was the child's home for the entire time he or she was alive. Keeping up a home. To find out what is included in the cost of keeping up a home, see Pub. 501. Name and Address Print or type the information in the spaces provided. If you are married filing a separate return, enter your spouse's name in the entry space below the filing status checkboxes instead of below your name. If you filed a joint return for TIP 2018 and you are filing a joint return for 2019 with the same spouse, be sure to enter your names and SSNs in the same order as on your 2018 return. Name Change If you changed your name because of marriage, divorce, etc., be sure to report the change to the Social Security Administration (SSA) before filing your return. This prevents delays in processing your return and issuing refunds. It also safeguards your future social security benefits. Address Change If you plan to move after filing your return, use Form 8822 to notify the IRS of your new address. P.O. Box Enter your box number only if your post office doesn't deliver mail to your home. Need more information or forms? Visit IRS.gov. -14- Foreign Address If you have a foreign address, enter the city name on the appropriate line. Don’t enter any other information on that line, but also complete the spaces below that line. Don’t abbreviate the country name. Follow the country’s practice for entering the postal code and the name of the province, county, or state. Death of a Taxpayer See Death of a Taxpayer under General Information, later. Social Security Number (SSN) An incorrect or missing SSN can increase your tax, reduce your refund, or delay your refund. To apply for an SSN, fill in Form SS-5 and return it, along with the appropriate evidence documents, to the Social Security Administration (SSA). You can get Form SS-5 online at SSA.gov, from your local SSA office, or by calling the SSA at 800-772-1213. It usually takes about 2 weeks to get an SSN once the SSA has all the evidence and information it needs. Check that both the name and SSN on your Forms 1040 or 1040-SR, W-2, and 1099 agree with your social security card. If they don’t, certain deductions and credits on Form 1040 or 1040-SR may be reduced or disallowed and you may not receive credit for your social security earnings. If your Form W-2 shows an incorrect SSN or name, notify your employer or the form-issuing agent as soon as possible to make sure your earnings are credited to your social security record. If the name or SSN on your social security card is incorrect, call the SSA. IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers (ITINs) for Aliens If you are a nonresident or resident alien and you don’t have and aren’t eligible to get an SSN, you must apply for an ITIN. It takes about 7 weeks to get an ITIN. If you already have an ITIN, enter it wherever your SSN is requested on your tax return. Some ITINs must be renewed. If you haven't used your ITIN on a federal tax return at least once in the last 3 years, or if your ITIN has the middle digits 83, 84, 85, 86, or 87, (9NN-83-NNNN), it expired at the end of 2019 and must be renewed if you need to file a federal tax return in 2020. You don't need to renew your ITIN if you don't need to file a federal tax return. You can find more information at IRS.gov/ITIN. ITINs with middle digits 70 TIP through 82 have expired and also must be renewed if you need to file a tax return in 2020 and haven’t already renewed the ITIN. An ITIN is for tax use only. It doesn't entitle you to social security benefits or change your employment or immigration status under U.S. law. For more information on ITINs, including application, expiration, and renewal, see Form W-7 and its instructions. If you receive an SSN after previously using an ITIN, stop using your ITIN. Use your SSN instead. Visit a local IRS office or write a letter to the IRS explaining that you now have an SSN and want all your tax records combined under your SSN. Details about what to include with the letter and where to mail it are at IRS.gov/ITIN. Nonresident Alien Spouse If your spouse is a nonresident alien, he or she must have either an SSN or an ITIN if: • You file a joint return, or • Your spouse is filing a separate return. Standard Deduction If you are filing Form 1040-SR, TIP you can find a Standard Deduction Chart on page 1 of that form that can calculate the amount of your standard deduction in most situations. Single and Married Filing Jointly Blindness If you or your spouse (if you are married and filing a joint return) can be claimed as a dependent on someone else’s return, check the appropriate box in the Standard Deduction section. If you were a dual-status alien, check the “Spouse itemizes on a separate return or you were a dual-status alien” box. If you were a dual-status alien and you file a joint return with your spouse who was a U.S. citizen or resident alien at the end of 2019 and you and your spouse agree to be taxed on your combined worldwide income, don’t check the box. If you weren’t totally blind as of December 31, 2019, you must get a statement certified by your eye doctor (ophthalmologist or optometrist) that: • You can't see better than 20/200 in your better eye with glasses or contact lenses, or • Your field of vision is 20 degrees or less. If your eye condition isn't likely to improve beyond the conditions listed above, you can get a statement certified by your eye doctor (ophthalmologist or optometrist) to this effect instead. You must keep the statement for your records. Married Filing Separately Age/Blindness If you or your spouse (if you are married and filing a joint return) were born before January 2, 1955, or were blind at the end of 2019, check the appropriate boxes on the line labeled “Age/Blindness.” Don’t check any boxes for your spouse if your filing status is head of household. Death of spouse in 2019. If your spouse was born before January 2, 1955, but died in 2019 before reaching age 65, don’t check the box that says “Spouse was born before January 2, 1955.” A person is considered to reach age 65 on the day before his or her 65th birthday. Example. Your spouse was born on February 14, 1954, and died on February 13, 2019. Your spouse is considered age 65 at the time of death. Check the appropriate box for your spouse. However, if your spouse died on February 12, 2019, your spouse isn't considered age 65. Don’t check the box. Death of taxpayer in 2019. If you are preparing a return for someone who died in 2019, see Pub. 501 before completing the standard deduction information. -15- If your filing status is married filing separately and your spouse itemizes deductions on his or her return, check the “Spouse itemizes on a separate return or you were a dual-status alien” box. If your filing status is married filing separately and your spouse was born before January 2, 1955, or was blind at the end of 2019, you can check the appropriate box(es) on the line labeled “Age/ Blindness” if your spouse had no income, isn't filing a return, and can't be claimed as a dependent on another person's return. Presidential Election Campaign Fund This fund helps pay for Presidential election campaigns. The fund reduces candidates' dependence on large contributions from individuals and groups and places candidates on an equal financial footing in the general election. The fund also helps pay for pediatric medical research. If you want $3 to go to this fund, check the box. If you are filing a joint return, your spouse also can have $3 go to the fund. If you check a box, your tax or refund won't change. Need more information or forms? Visit IRS.gov. Who Qualifies as Your Dependent Step 1 Dependents, Qualifying Child for Child Tax Credit, and Credit for Other Dependents A qualifying child is a child who is your... Follow the steps below to find out if a person qualifies as your dependent and to find out if your dependent qualifies you to take the child tax credit or the credit for other dependents. If you have more than four dependents, check the box on the right side of page 1 of Form 1040 or 1040-SR (just above the Dependents section) and include a statement showing the information required in columns (1) through (4). TIP Do You Have a Qualifying Child? Son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, half sister, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew) AND was ... The dependents you claim are those you list by name and SSN in the Dependents section on Form 1040 or 1040-SR. Under age 19 at the end of 2019 and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly) or Before you begin. See the definition of Social security number, later. If you want to claim the child tax credit or the credit for other dependents, you (and your spouse if filing jointly) must have an SSN or ITIN issued on or before the due date of your 2019 return (including extensions). If an ITIN is applied for on or before the due date of a 2019 return (including extensions) and the IRS issues an ITIN as result of the application, the IRS will consider the ITIN as issued on or before the due date of the return. Under age 24 at the end of 2019, a student (defined later), and younger than you (or your spouse, if filing jointly) or Any age and permanently and totally disabled (defined later) AND Who didn't provide over half of his or her own support for 2019 (see Pub. 501) AND Who isn't filing a joint return for 2019 or is filing a joint return for 2019 only to claim a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid (see Pub. 501 for details and examples) AND Who lived with you for more than half of 2019. If the child didn't live with you for the required time, see Exception to time lived with you, later. ! If the child meets the conditions to be a qualifying child of any other person (other than your spouse if filing jointly) for 2019, see Qualifying child of more than one person, later. CAUTION 1. Do you have a child who meets the conditions to be your qualifying child? Yes. Go to Step 2. No. Go to Step 4. Step 2 Is Your Qualifying Child Your Dependent? 1. Was the child a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, U.S. resident alien, or a resident of Canada or Mexico? (See Pub. 519 for Need more information or forms? Visit IRS.gov. -16- the definition of a U.S. national or U.S. resident alien. If the child was adopted, see Exception to citizen test, later.) Yes. Continue No. STOP 䊲 2. Was the child married? Yes. See Married person, later. You can't claim this child as a dependent. No. Continue 䊲 3. Could you, or your spouse if filing jointly, be claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2019 tax return? See Steps 1, 2, and 4. No. You can claim this Yes. STOP child as a dependent. You can't claim any Complete columns (1) dependents. Complete through (3) of the the rest of Form 1040 or Dependents section for 1040-SR and any this child. Then, go to applicable schedules. Step 3. 4. Did this child have an SSN valid for employment issued before the due date of your 2019 return (including extensions)? (See Social Security Number, later.) Yes. You can claim the No. STOP child tax credit for this You can claim the credit person. Check the for other dependents for “child tax credit” box in this child. Check the column (4) of the “credit for other Dependents section for dependents” box in this person. column (4) of the Dependents section for this person. Step 4 Is Your Qualifying Relative Your Dependent? A qualifying relative is a person who is your... Son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild) or Step 3 Does Your Qualifying Child Qualify You for the Child Tax Credit or Credit for Other Dependents? Brother, sister, half brother, half sister, or a son or daughter of any of them (for example, your niece or nephew) or Father, mother, or an ancestor or sibling of either of them (for example, your grandmother, grandfather, aunt, or uncle) or 1. Did the child have an SSN, ITIN, or adoption taxpayer identification number (ATIN) issued on or before the due date of your return (including extensions)? (Answer “Yes” if you are applying for an ITIN or ATIN for the child on or before the due date of your return (including extensions).) Yes. Continue No. STOP 䊲 Stepbrother, stepsister, stepfather, stepmother, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law or You can’t claim the child tax credit or the credit for other dependents for this child. 2. Was the child a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, or U.S. resident alien? (See Pub. 519 for the definition of a U.S. national or U.S. resident alien. If the child was adopted, see Exception to citizen test, later.) Yes. Continue No. STOP 䊲 Any other person (other than your spouse) who lived with you all year as a member of your household if your relationship didn't violate local law. If the person didn't live with you for the required time, see Exception to time lived with you, later. AND Who wasn't a qualifying child (see Step 1) of any taxpayer for 2019. For this purpose, a person isn't a taxpayer if he or she isn't required to file a U.S. income tax return and either doesn't file such a return or files only to get a refund of withheld income tax or estimated tax paid. See Pub. 501 for details and examples. You can’t claim the child tax credit or the credit for other dependents for this child. 3. Was the child under age 17 at the end of 2019? Yes. Continue No. You can claim the 䊲 credit for other dependents for this child. Check the “credit for other dependents” box in column (4) of the Dependents section for this person. -17- AND Who had gross income of less than $4,200 in 2019. If the person was permanently and totally disabled, see Exception to gross income test, later. AND For whom you provided over half of his or her support in 2019. But see Children of divorced or separated parents, Multiple support agreements, and Kidnapped child, later. Need more information or forms? Visit IRS.gov. 1. Does any person meet the conditions to be your qualifying relative? Yes. Continue No. STOP Definitions and Special Rules 2. Was your qualifying relative a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, U.S. resident alien, or a resident of Canada or Mexico? (See Pub. 519 for the definition of a U.S. national or U.S. resident alien. If your qualifying relative was adopted, see Exception to citizen test, later.) Yes. Continue No. STOP Adoption taxpayer identification numbers (ATINs). If you have a dependent who was placed with you for legal adoption and you don’t know his or her SSN, you must get an ATIN for the dependent from the IRS. See Form W-7A for details. If the dependent isn't a U.S. citizen or resident alien, apply for an ITIN instead, using Form W-7. Adopted child. An adopted child is always treated as your own child. An adopted child includes a child lawfully placed with you for legal adoption. 䊲 䊲 You can't claim this person as a dependent. 3. Was your qualifying relative married? Yes. See Married No. Continue 䊲 person, later. 4. Could you, or your spouse if filing jointly, be claimed as a dependent on someone else's 2019 tax return? See Steps 1, 2, and 4. No. You can claim this Yes. STOP person as a dependent. You can't claim any Complete columns (1) dependents. Complete through (3) of the the rest of Form 1040 or Dependents section. 1040-SR and any Then go to Step 5. applicable schedules. Step 5 Does Your Qualifying Relative Qualify You for the Credit for Other Dependents? 1. Did your qualifying relative have an SSN, ITIN, or ATIN issued on or before the due date of your 2019 return (including extensions)? (Answer “Yes” if you are applying for an ITIN or ATIN for the qualifying relative on or before the return due date (including extensions).) Yes. Continue No. STOP 䊲 You can’t claim the credit for other dependents for this qualifying relative. 2. Was your qualifying relative a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, or U.S. resident alien? (See Pub. 519 for the definition of a U.S. national or a U.S. resident alien. If your qualifying relative was adopted, see Exception to citizenship test, later.) Yes. You can claim No. STOP the credit for other You can’t claim the dependents for this credit for other dependent. Check the dependents for this “credit for other qualifying relative. dependents” box in column (4) of the Dependents section for this person. Need more information or forms? Visit IRS.gov. Children of divorced or separated parents. A child will be treated as the qualifying child or qualifying relative of his or her noncustodial parent (defined later) if all of the following conditions apply. 1. The parents are divorced, legally separated, separated under a written separation agreement, or lived apart at all times during the last 6 months of 2019 (whether or not they are or were married). 2. The child received over half of his or her support for 2019 from the parents (and the rules on Multiple support agreements, later, don’t apply). Support of a child received from a parent's spouse is treated as provided by the parent. 3. The child is in custody of one or both of the parents for more than half of 2019. 4. Either of the following applies. a. The custodial parent signs Form 8332 or a substantially similar statement that he or she won't claim the child as a dependent for 2019, and the noncustodial parent includes a copy of the form or statement with his or her return. If the divorce decree or separation agreement went into effect after 1984 and before 2009, the noncustodial parent may be able to include certain pages from the decree or agreement instead of Form 8332. See Post-1984 and pre-2009 decree or agreement and Post-2008 decree or agreement. b. A pre-1985 decree of divorce or separate maintenance or written separation agreement between the parents provides that the noncustodial parent can claim the child as a dependent, and the noncustodial parent provides at least $600 for support of the child during 2019. If conditions (1) through (4) apply, only the noncustodial parent can claim the child for purposes of the child tax credits and credit for other dependents (lines 13a and 18b). However, this doesn't allow the noncustodial parent to claim head of household filing status, the credit for child and dependent care expenses, the exclusion for dependent care benefits, the earned income credit, or the health coverage tax credit. The custodial parent or another taxpayer, if eligible, can claim the child for the earned income credit and these other benefits. See Pub. 501 for details. Custodial and noncustodial parents. The custodial parent is the parent with whom the child lived for the greater number of nights in 2019. The noncustodial parent is the other parent. If the child was with each parent for an equal number of nights, -18- the custodial parent is the parent with the higher adjusted gross income. See Pub. 501 for an exception for a parent who works at night, rules for a child who is emancipated under state law, and other details. Post-1984 and pre-2009 decree or agreement. The decree or agreement must state all three of the following. 1. The noncustodial parent can claim the child as a dependent without regard to any condition, such as payment of support. 2. The other parent won't claim the child as a dependent. 3. The years for which the claim is released. The noncustodial parent must include all of the following pages from the decree or agreement. • Cover page (include the other parent's SSN on that page). • The pages that include all the information identified in (1) through (3) above. • Signature page with the other parent's signature and date of agreement. ! You must include the required information even if you filed it with your return in an earlier year. CAUTION Post-2008 decree or agreement. If the divorce decree or separation agreement went into effect after 2008, the noncustodial parent can't include pages from the decree or agreement instead of Form 8332. The custodial parent must sign either Form 8332 or a substantially similar statement the only purpose of which is to release the custodial parent's claim to certain tax benefits for a child, and the noncustodial parent must include a copy with his or her return. The form or statement must release the custodial parent's claim to the child without any conditions. For example, the release must not depend on the noncustodial parent paying support. Release of certain tax benefits revoked. A custodial parent who has revoked his or her previous release of a claim to certain tax benefits for a child must include a copy of the revocation with his or her return. For details, see Form 8332. Exception to citizen test. If you are a U.S. citizen or U.S. national and your adopted child lived with you all year as a member of your household, that child meets the requirement to be a U.S. citizen in Step 2, question 1; Step 3, question 2; Step 4, question 2; and Step 5, question 2. Exception to gross income test. If your relative (including a person who lived with you all year as a member of your household) is permanently and totally disabled (defined later), certain income for services performed at a sheltered workshop may be excluded for this test. For details, see Pub. 501. Exception to time lived with you. Temporary absences by you or the other person for special circumstances, such as school, vacation, business, medical care, military service, or detention in a juvenile facility, count as time the person lived with you. Also see Children of divorced or separated parents, earlier, or Kidnapped child, later. If the person meets all other requirements to be your qualifying child but was born or died in 2019, the person is considered to have lived with you for more than half of 2019 if your home was this person's home for more than half the time he or she was alive in 2019. Any other person is considered to have lived with you for all of 2019 if the person was born or died in 2019 and your home was this person's home for the entire time he or she was alive in 2019. Foster child. A foster child is an
Extracted from PDF file 2019-federal-form-1040-ins.pdf, last modified January 2020

More about the Federal Form 1040-INS Individual Income Tax TY 2019

This booklet includes instructions for filling out and filling (by mail or efile) your 1040 federal tax return.

We last updated the Form 1040 Instructional Booklet in January 2020, so this is the latest version of Form 1040-INS, fully updated for tax year 2019. You can download or print current or past-year PDFs of Form 1040-INS directly from TaxFormFinder. You can print other Federal tax forms here.


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Form Code Form Name
Form 1040-V Payment Voucher
Form 1040 U.S. Individual Income Tax Return
Form 8862 Information To Claim Earned Income Credit After Disallowance
1040 (Schedule B) Interest and Ordinary Dividends
Form 8822 IRS Change of Address

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The Internal Revenue Service usually releases income tax forms for the current tax year between October and January, although changes to some forms can come even later. We last updated Federal Form 1040-INS from the Internal Revenue Service in January 2020.

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About the Individual Income Tax

The IRS and most states collect a personal income tax, which is paid throughout the year via tax withholding or estimated income tax payments.

Most taxpayers are required to file a yearly income tax return in April to both the Internal Revenue Service and their state's revenue department, which will result in either a tax refund of excess withheld income or a tax payment if the withholding does not cover the taxpayer's entire liability. Every taxpayer's situation is different - please consult a CPA or licensed tax preparer to ensure that you are filing the correct tax forms!

Historical Past-Year Versions of Federal Form 1040-INS

We have a total of five past-year versions of Form 1040-INS in the TaxFormFinder archives, including for the previous tax year. Download past year versions of this tax form as PDFs here:


2019 Form 1040-INS

2019 Instruction 1040

2018 Form 1040-INS

2018 Instruction 1040

2017 Form 1040-INS

2017 Instruction 1040

2016 Form 1040-INS

2016 Instruction 1040

1040, Instructions 2015 Form 1040-INS

2015 Instruction 1040


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** This Document Provided By TaxFormFinder.org **
Source: http://www.taxformfinder.org/federal/form-1040-ins