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Federal Free Printable 2020 Form 1040-ES for 2021 Federal Estimated Tax for Individuals

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Estimated Tax for Individuals
2020 Form 1040-ES

2020 Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Form 1040-ES Estimated Tax for Individuals Purpose of This Package Farmers and fishermen. If at least two-thirds of your gross income for 2019 or 2020 is from farming or fishing, substitute 662/3% for 90% in (2a) under General Rule. Estimated tax is the method used to pay tax on income that isn’t subject to withholding (for example, earnings from self-employment, interest, dividends, rents, alimony, etc.). In addition, if you don’t elect voluntary withholding, you should make estimated tax payments on other taxable income, such as unemployment compensation and the taxable part of your social security benefits. Household employers. When estimating the tax on your 2020 tax return, include your household employment taxes if either of the following applies. • You will have federal income tax withheld from wages, pensions, annuities, gambling winnings, or other income. • You would be required to make estimated tax payments to avoid a penalty even if you didn’t include household employment taxes when figuring your estimated tax. Use Form 1040-ES to figure and pay your estimated tax for 2020. Change of address. If your address has changed, file Form 8822, to update your record. Future developments. For the latest information about developments related to Form 1040-ES and its instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to IRS.gov/Form1040ES. Who Must Make Estimated Tax Payments Generally, if you receive a pension or annuity you can use Form W-4P, Withholding Certificate for Pension or Annuity Payments, to start or change your withholding from these payments. General Rule In most cases, you must pay estimated tax for 2020 if both of the following apply. 1. You expect to owe at least $1,000 in tax for 2020, after subtracting your withholding and refundable credits. 2. You expect your withholding and refundable credits to be less than the smaller of: a. 90% of the tax to be shown on your 2020 tax return, or b. 100% of the tax shown on your 2019 tax return. Your 2019 tax return must cover all 12 months. Note. These percentages may be different if you are a farmer, fisherman, or higher income taxpayer. See Special Rules, later. Exception. You don’t have to pay estimated tax for 2020 if you were a U.S. citizen or resident alien for all of 2019 and you had no tax liability for the full 12-month 2019 tax year. You had no tax liability for 2019 if your total tax was zero or you didn’t have to file an income tax return. There are special rules for farmers, fishermen, certain household employers, and certain higher income taxpayers. Feb 06, 2020 Increase Your Withholding If you also receive salaries and wages, you may be able to avoid having to make estimated tax payments on your other income by asking your employer to take more tax out of your earnings. To do this, file a new Form W-4, Employee's Withholding Certificate, with your employer. The estimated tax rules apply to: • U.S. citizens and resident aliens; • Residents of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa; and • Nonresident aliens (use Form 1040-ES (NR)). Special Rules Higher income taxpayers. If your adjusted gross income (AGI) for 2019 was more than $150,000 ($75,000 if your filing status for 2020 is married filing separately), substitute 110% for 100% in (2b) under General Rule, earlier. This rule doesn’t apply to farmers or fishermen. You also can choose to have federal income tax withheld from certain government payments. For details, see Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request. You can use the Tax Withholding Estimator at TIP IRS.gov/W4App to determine whether you need to have your withholding increased or decreased. Additional Information You May Need You can find most of the information you will need in Pub. 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, and in the instructions for the 2019 Form 1040 and 1040-SR. For details on how to get forms and publications, see the 2019 Instructions for Form 1040 and 1040-SR. What's New In figuring your 2020 estimated tax, be sure to consider the following. Extended tax provisions. Recent legislation extended certain tax benefits that had expired at the end of 2017 through 2020. These tax benefits include the following. • Tuition and fees deduction. • Deduction for mortgage insurance premiums. • Nonbusiness energy property credit. • Alternative fuel vehicle refueling credit. Cat. No. 11340T • Indian employment credit. renew it. For more information, see the Instructions for Form W-7. Standard deduction amount increased. For 2020, the standard deduction amount has been increased for all filers. If you don't itemize your deductions, you can take the 2020 standard deduction listed in the following chart for your filing status. Married filing jointly or Qualifying widow(er) $24,800 Advance payments of the premium tax credit. If you buy health care insurance through the Health Insurance Marketplace, you may be eligible for advance payments of the premium tax credit to help pay for your insurance coverage. Receiving too little or too much in advance will affect your refund or balance due. Promptly report changes in your income or family size to your Marketplace. See Form 8962 and its Instructions for more information. Head of household $18,650 How To Figure Your Estimated Tax Single or Married filing separately $12,400 IF your 2020 filing status is... THEN your standard deduction is... You will need: • The 2020 Estimated Tax Worksheet, • The Instructions for the 2020 Estimated Tax Worksheet, • The 2020 Tax Rate Schedules, and • Your 2019 tax return and instructions to use as a guide to figuring your income, deductions, and credits (but be sure to consider the items listed under What's New, earlier). However, if you can be claimed as a dependent on another person's 2020 return, your standard deduction is the greater of: • $1,100, or • Your earned income plus $350 (up to the standard deduction amount). Your standard deduction is increased by the following amount if, at the end of 2020, you are: • An unmarried individual (single or head of household) and are: 65 or older or blind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 or older and blind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Matching estimated tax payments to income. If you receive your income unevenly throughout the year (for example, because you operate your business on a seasonal basis or you have a large capital gain late in the year), you may be able to lower or eliminate the amount of your required estimated tax payment for one or more periods by using the annualized income installment method. See chapter 2 of Pub. 505 for details. $1,650 $3,300 Changing your estimated tax. To amend or correct your estimated tax, see How To Amend Estimated Tax Payments, later. • A married individual (filing jointly or separately) or a qualifying widow(er) and are: You can’t make joint estimated tax payments if you or your spouse is a nonresident alien, you are CAUTION separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance, or you and your spouse have different tax years. 65 or older or blind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1,300 65 or older and blind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $2,600 Both spouses 65 or older . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $2,600* Both spouses 65 or older and blind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $5,200* *Only if married filing jointly. If married filing separately, these amounts do not apply. ! Additionally, individuals who are in registered domestic partnerships, civil unions, or other similar formal relationships that aren’t marriages under state law cannot make joint estimated tax payments. These individuals can take credit only for the estimated tax payments that he or she made. Your standard deduction is zero if (a) your spouse itemizes on a separate return, or (b) you were a CAUTION dual-status alien and you do not elect to be taxed as a resident alien for 2020. ! Payment Due Dates Social security tax. For 2020, the maximum amount of earned income (wages and net earnings from self-employment) subject to the social security tax is $137,700. You can pay all of your estimated tax by April 15, 2020, or in four equal amounts by the dates shown below. 1st payment . . . . 2nd payment . . . 3rd payment . . . . 4th payment . . . . Adoption credit or exclusion. For 2020, the maximum adoption credit or exclusion for employer-provided adoption benefits has increased to $14,300 In order to claim either the credit or exclusion, your modified adjusted gross income must be less than $254,520. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April 15, 2020 June 15, 2020 Sept. 15, 2020 Jan. 15, 2021* * You don’t have to make the payment due January 15, 2021, if you file your 2020 tax return by February 1, 2021, and pay the entire balance due with your return. Reminders Individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) renewal. If you were assigned an ITIN before January 1, 2013, or if you have an ITIN that you haven’t included on a tax return in the last 3 consecutive years, you may need to If you mail your payment and it is postmarked by the due date, the date of the U.S. postmark is considered the date of payment. If your payments are late or you didn’t pay enough, you may be charged a penalty for -2- Form 1040-ES (2020) estimated tax payment for a previous period is less than one-fourth of your amended estimated tax, you may owe a penalty when you file your return. underpaying your tax. See When a Penalty Is Applied, later. You can make more than four estimated tax When a Penalty Is Applied TIP payments. To do so, make a copy of one of your unused estimated tax payment vouchers, fill it in, and mail it with your payment. If you make more than four payments, to avoid a penalty, make sure the total of the amounts you pay during a payment period is at least as much as the amount required to be paid by the due date for that period. For other payment methods, see How To Pay Estimated Tax, later. In some cases, you may owe a penalty when you file your return. The penalty is imposed on each underpayment for the number of days it remains unpaid. A penalty may be applied if you didn’t pay enough estimated tax for the year or you didn’t make the payments on time or in the required amount. A penalty may apply even if you have an overpayment on your tax return. No income subject to estimated tax during first payment period. If, after March 31, 2020, you have a large change in income, deductions, additional taxes, or credits that requires you to start making estimated tax payments, you should figure the amount of your estimated tax payments by using the annualized income installment method, explained in chapter 2 of Pub. 505. If you use the annualized income installment method, file Form 2210, including Schedule AI, with your 2020 tax return even if no penalty is owed. The penalty may be waived under certain conditions. See the Instructions for Form 2210 for details. How To Pay Estimated Tax Pay Online IRS offers an electronic payment option that is right for you. Paying online is convenient and secure and helps make sure we get your payments on time. To pay your taxes online or for more information, go to IRS.gov/ Payments. You can pay using any of the following methods. • IRS Direct Pay. For online transfers directly from your checking or savings account at no cost to you, go to IRS.gov/Payments. • Pay by Card. To pay by debit or credit card, go to IRS.gov/Payments. A convenience fee is charged by these service providers. • Electronic Fund Withdrawal (EFW) is an integrated e-file/e-pay option offered when filing your federal taxes electronically using tax preparation software, through a tax professional, or the IRS at IRS.gov/Payments. • Online Payment Agreement. If you can’t pay in full by the due date of your tax return, you can apply for an online monthly installment agreement at IRS.gov/Payments. Once you complete the online process, you will receive immediate notification of whether your agreement has been approved. A user fee is charged. • IRS2Go is the mobile application of the IRS; you can access Direct Pay or Pay By Card by downloading the application. Farmers and fishermen. If at least two-thirds of your gross income for 2019 or 2020 is from farming or fishing, you can do one of the following. • Pay all of your estimated tax by January 15, 2021. • File your 2020 Form 1040 or 1040-SR by March 1, 2021, and pay the total tax due. In this case, 2020 estimated tax payments aren’t required to avoid a penalty. Fiscal year taxpayers. You are on a fiscal year if your 12-month tax period ends on any day except December 31. Due dates for fiscal year taxpayers are the 15th day of the 4th, 6th, and 9th months of your current fiscal year and the 1st month of the following fiscal year. If any payment date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, use the next business day. See Pub. 509 for a list of all legal holidays. Name Change If you changed your name because of marriage, divorce, etc., and you made estimated tax payments using your former name, attach a statement to the front of your 2020 paper tax return. On the statement, show all of the estimated tax payments you (and your spouse, if filing jointly) made for 2020 and the name(s) and SSN(s) under which you made the payments. Pay by Phone Paying by phone is another safe and secure method of paying electronically. Use one of the following methods : (1) call one of the debit or credit card service providers or (2) the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS). Be sure to report the change to your local Social Security Administration office before filing your 2020 tax return. This prevents delays in processing your return and issuing refunds. It also safeguards your future social security benefits. For more details, call the Social Security Administration at 800-772-1213 (TTY/TDD 800-325-0778). Debit or credit card. Call one of our service providers. Each charges a fee that varies by provider, card type, and payment amount. Link2Gov Corporation 1-888-PAY-1040TM (1-888-729-1040) www.PAY1040.com How To Amend Estimated Tax Payments WorldPay US, Inc. 1-844-729-8298 (1-844-PAY-TAX-8TM) www.payUSAtax.com To change or amend your estimated tax payments, refigure your total estimated tax payments due (see the 2020 Estimated Tax Worksheet). Then, to figure the payment due for each remaining payment period, see Amended estimated tax in chapter 2 of Pub. 505. If an Form 1040-ES (2020) -3- Official Payments 1-888-UPAY-TAXTM (1-888-872-9829) www.officialpayments.com have an IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN), enter it wherever your SSN is requested. If filing a joint voucher, also enter your spouse's name and SSN. List the names and SSNs in the same order on the joint voucher as you will list them on your joint return. • Enter in the box provided on the estimated tax payment voucher only the amount you are sending in by check or money order. When making payments of estimated tax, be sure to take into account any 2019 overpayment that you choose to credit against your 2020 tax, but don’t include the overpayment amount in this box. • Make your check or money order payable to “United States Treasury.” Don’t send cash. To help process your payment accurately, enter the amount on the right side of the check like this: $ XXX.XX. Don’t use dashes or lines (for example, don’t enter “$ XXX—” or “$ XXX xx/100”). • Enter “2020 Form 1040-ES” and your SSN on your check or money order. If you are filing a joint estimated tax payment voucher, enter the SSN that you will show first on your joint return. • Enclose, but don’t staple or attach, your payment with the estimated tax payment voucher. Notice to taxpayers presenting checks. When you provide a check as payment, you authorize us either to use information from your check to make a one-time electronic fund transfer from your account or to process the payment as a check transaction. When we use information from your check to make an electronic fund transfer, funds may be withdrawn from your account as soon as the same day we receive your payment, and you will not receive your check back from your financial institution. No checks of $100 million or more accepted. The IRS can’t accept a single check (including a cashier’s check) for amounts of $100,000,000 ($100 million) or more. If you are sending $100 million or more by check, you will need to spread the payment over 2 or more checks with each check made out for an amount less than $100 million. This limit doesn’t apply to other methods of payment (such as electronic payments). Please consider a method of payment other than check if the amount of the payment is over $100 million. EFTPS. To use EFTPS, you must be enrolled either online or have an enrollment form mailed to you. To make a payment using EFTPS, call 1-800-555-4477 (English) or 1-800-244-4829 (Español). People who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability and who have access to TTY/TDD equipment can call 1-800-733-4829. For more information about EFTPS, go to IRS.gov/Payments or www.EFTPS.gov. Mobile Device To pay through your mobile device, download the IRS2Go app. Pay by Cash Cash is an in-person payment option for individuals provided through retail partners with a maximum of $1,000 per day per transaction. To make a cash payment, you must first be registered online at www.officialpayments.com/fed, our Official Payment provider. Pay by Check or Money Order Using the Estimated Tax Payment Voucher Before submitting a payment through the mail using the estimated tax payment voucher, please consider alternative methods. One of our safe, quick, and easy electronic payment options might be right for you. If you choose to mail in your payment, there is a separate estimated tax payment voucher for each due date. The due date is shown in the upper right corner. Complete and send in the voucher only if you are making a payment by check or money order. If you and your spouse plan to file separate returns, file separate vouchers instead of a joint voucher. To complete the voucher, do the following. • Print or type your name, address, and SSN in the space provided on the estimated tax payment voucher. If you -4- Form 1040-ES (2020) Where To File Your Estimated Tax Payment Voucher if Paying by Check or Money Order Mail your estimated tax payment voucher and check or money order to the address shown below for the place where you live. Do not mail your tax return to this address or send an estimated tax payment without a payment voucher. Also, do not mail your estimated tax payments to the address shown in the Form 1040 and 1040-SR instructions. If you need more payment vouchers, you can make a copy of one of your unused vouchers. Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia Caution: For proper delivery of your estimated tax payment to a P.O. box, you must include the box number in the address. Also, note that only the U.S. Postal Service can deliver to P.O. boxes. Therefore, you cannot use a private delivery service to make estimated tax payments required to be sent to a P.O. box. Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont IF you live in . . . Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas Alaska, California, Hawaii, Washington Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin, Wyoming THEN send it to “Internal Revenue Service” at . . . A foreign country, American Samoa, or Puerto Rico (or are excluding income under Internal Revenue Code 933) or use an APO or FPO address, or file Form 2555 or 4563, or are a dual-status alien or nonpermanent resident of Guam or the U.S. Virgin Islands Internal Revenue Service P.O. Box 931100 Louisville, KY 40293-1100 Internal Revenue Service P.O. Box 37007 Hartford, CT 06176-7007 Internal Revenue Service P.O. Box 1300 Charlotte, NC 28201-1300 USA Internal Revenue Service P.O. Box 1300 Charlotte, NC 28201-1300 Guam: Bona fide residents* Department of Revenue and Taxation Government of Guam P.O. Box 23607 GMF, GU 96921 Internal Revenue Service P.O. Box 510000 San Francisco, CA 94151-5100 U.S. Virgin Islands: Bona fide residents* Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue 6115 Estate Smith Bay Suite 225 St. Thomas, VI 00802 Internal Revenue Service P.O. Box 802502 Cincinnati, OH 45280-2502 *Bona fide residents must prepare separate vouchers for estimated income tax and self-employment tax payments. Send the income tax vouchers to the address for bona fide residents and the self-employment tax vouchers to the address for non-bona fide residents. Instructions for the 2020 Estimated Tax Worksheet Line 10. Other taxes. Use the instructions for the 2019 Form 1040 and 1040-SR to determine if you expect to owe, for 2020, any of the taxes that would have been entered on your 2019 Schedule 2 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 6, 7a, 7b, and 8 (including, if applicable, Additional Medicare Tax and/or Net Investment Income Tax). On line 10, enter the total of those taxes, subject to the following two exceptions. Exception 1. Include household employment taxes from Schedule 2 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 7a, on this line only if: • You will have federal income tax withheld from wages, pensions, annuities, gambling winnings, or other income, or • You would be required to make estimated tax payments (to avoid a penalty) even if you didn’t include household employment taxes when figuring your estimated tax. If you meet either of the above, include the total of your household employment taxes on line 10. Exception 2. Of the amounts for other taxes that may be entered on Schedule 2 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 8, don’t include on line 10: recapture of a federal mortgage subsidy, uncollected social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax on tips or group-term life insurance, excise tax on excess golden parachute payments, look-back interest due under section 167(g) or 460(b), or excise tax on insider stock compensation from an expatriated corporation. These taxes aren’t required to be paid until Line 1. Adjusted gross income. When figuring the adjusted gross income you expect in 2020, be sure to consider the items listed under What’s New, earlier. For more details on figuring your AGI, see Expected AGI—Line 1 in chapter 2 of Pub. 505. If you are self-employed, be sure to take into account the deduction for self-employment tax. Use the 2020 Self-Employment Tax and Deduction Worksheet for Lines 1 and 9 of the Estimated Tax Worksheet to figure the amount to subtract when figuring your expected AGI. This worksheet also will give you the amount to enter on line 9 of your estimated tax worksheet. Line 7. Credits. See the 2019 Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 13a and Schedule 3 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), lines 1 through 6, and the related instructions for the types of credits allowed. Line 9. Self-employment tax. If you and your spouse make joint estimated tax payments and both of you have self-employment income, figure the self-employment tax for each of you separately. Enter the total on line 9. When estimating your 2020 net earnings from self-employment, be sure to use only 92.35% (0.9235) of your total net profit from self-employment. Form 1040-ES (2020) -5- 2020 Self-Employment Tax and Deduction Worksheet for Lines 1 and 9 of the Estimated Tax Worksheet 1a. Enter your expected income and profits subject to self-employment tax* Keep for Your Records ............ 1a. b. If you will have farm income and also receive social security retirement or disability benefits, enter your expected Conservation Reserve Program payments that will be included on Schedule F (Form 1040 or 1040-SR) or listed on Schedule K-1 (Form 1065) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b. 2. Subtract line 1b from line 1a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. 3. Multiply line 2 by 92.35% (0.9235) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 4. Multiply line 3 by 2.9% (0.029) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. Social security tax maximum income ...................................... 5. 6. Enter your expected wages (if subject to social security tax or the 6.2% portion of tier 1 railroad retirement tax) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 7. Subtract line 6 from line 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 4. $137,700 Note. If line 7 is zero or less, enter -0- on line 9 and skip to line 10. 8. Enter the smaller of line 3 or line 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. 9. Multiply line 8 by 12.4% (0.124) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. 10. Add lines 4 and 9. Enter the result here and on line 9 of your 2020 Estimated Tax Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. 11. Multiply line 10 by 50% (0.50). This is your expected deduction for self-employment tax on Schedule 1 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 14. Subtract this amount when figuring your expected AGI on line 1 of your 2020 Estimated Tax Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11. * Your net profit from self-employment is found on Schedule C (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 31; Schedule F (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 34; and Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), box 14, code A. the due date of your income tax return (not including extensions). Additional Medicare Tax. For information about the Additional Medicare Tax, see the Instructions for Form 8959. Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT). For information about the Net Investment Income Tax, see the Instructions for Form 8960. Repayment of first-time homebuyer credit. You must repay the first-time homebuyer credit if you bought the home in 2008. For details about repaying the first-time homebuyer credit, see the Instructions for Form 5405. multiply the tax on the joint return by a fraction the numerator being the tax you would have paid had you filed a separate return over the total tax you and your spouse would have paid had you filed separate returns. Enter this amount on line 12b. • If you didn’t file a return for 2019 or your 2019 tax year was less than 12 full months, don’t complete line 12b. Instead, enter the amount from line 12a on line 12c. Figuring your 2019 tax. Use the following instructions to figure your 2019 tax. The tax shown on your 2019 Form 1040 or 1040-SR is the amount on Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 16 reduced by: 1. Unreported social security and Medicare tax or RRTA tax from Schedule 2 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 5; 2. Any tax included on Schedule 2 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 6, on excess contributions to an IRA, Archer MSA, Coverdell education savings account, health savings account, ABLE account, or on excess accumulations in qualified retirement plans; 3. Amounts on Schedule 2 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 8, as listed under Exception 2, earlier; and 4. Any refundable credit amounts on Form 1040 or 1040-SR, line 18a, b, or c, and Schedule 3 (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), line 9 and 12, and credit from Form 8885 included on line 13. Line 12b. Prior year's tax. Enter the 2019 tax you figure according to the instructions in Figuring your 2019 tax unless you meet one of the following exceptions. • If the AGI shown on your 2019 return is more than $150,000 ($75,000 if married filing separately for 2020), enter 110% of your 2019 tax as figured next. Note. This doesn’t apply to farmers or fishermen. • If you will file a joint return for 2020 but you didn’t file a joint return for 2019, add the tax shown on your 2019 return to the tax shown on your spouse's 2019 return and enter the total on line 12b. • If you filed a joint return for 2019 but you will not file a joint return for 2020, first figure the tax both you and your spouse would have paid had you filed separate returns for 2019 using the same filing status as for 2020. Then -6- Form 1040-ES (2020) 2020 Tax Rate Schedules Caution. Don’t use these Tax Rate Schedules to figure your 2019 taxes. Use only to figure your 2020 estimated taxes. Schedule X—Use if your 2020 filing status is Single If line 3 is: The tax is: Over— But not over— $0 9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 518,400 $9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 518,400 ----------- ----------$987.50 4,617.50 14,605.50 33,271.50 47,367.50 156,235.00 Schedule Z—Use if your 2020 filing status is Head of household of the amount over— + + + + + + + 10% 12% 22% 24% 32% 35% 37% $0 9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 518,400 Schedule Y-1— Use if your 2020 filing status is Married filing jointly or Qualifying widow(er) If line 3 is: Over— $0 19,750 80,250 171,050 326,600 414,700 622,050 $19,750 80,250 171,050 326,600 414,700 622,050 --------- Form 1040-ES (2020) of the amount over— ----------$1,975.00 9,235.00 29,211.00 66,543.00 94,735.00 167,307.50 + + + + + + + 10% 12% 22% 24% 32% 35% 37% The tax is: Over— But not over— $0 14,100 53,700 85,500 163,300 207,350 518,400 $14,100 53,700 85,500 163,300 207,350 518,400 ----------- ----------$1,410.00 6,162.00 13,158.00 31,830.00 45,926.00 154,793.50 of the amount over— + + + + + + + 10% 12% 22% 24% 32% 35% 37% $0 14,100 53,700 85,500 163,300 207,350 518,400 Schedule Y-2—Use if your 2020 filing status is Married filing separately The tax is: But not over— If line 3 is: $0 19,750 80,250 171,050 326,600 414,700 622,050 If line 3 is: The tax is: Over— But not over— $0 9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 311,025 $9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 311,025 ----------- -7- of the amount over— --------$987.50 4,617.50 14,605.50 33,271.50 47,367.50 83,653.75 + + + + + + + 10% 12% 22% 24% 32% 35% 37% $0 9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 311,025 2020 Estimated Tax Worksheet Keep for Your Records . . 1 . . 2a 1 2a Adjusted gross income you expect in 2020 (see instructions) . . . . . . . . . . . . Deductions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • If you plan to itemize deductions, enter the estimated total of your itemized deductions. • If you don’t plan to itemize deductions, enter your standard deduction. b If you can take the qualified business income deduction, enter the estimated amount of the deduction c Add lines 2a and 2b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ▶ 3 Subtract line 2c from line 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Tax. Figure your tax on the amount on line 3 by using the 2020 Tax Rate Schedules. Caution: If you will have qualified dividends or a net capital gain, or expect to exclude or deduct foreign earned income or housing, see Worksheets 2-5 and 2-6 in Pub. 505 to figure the tax . . . . . . . 5 6 } Alternative minimum tax from Form 6251 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Add lines 4 and 5. Add to this amount any other taxes you expect to include in the total on Form 1040, line 12a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 8 9 10 11a b Credits (see instructions). Do not include any income tax withholding on this line . . . Subtract line 7 from line 6. If zero or less, enter -0- . . . . . . . . . . . . . Self-employment tax (see instructions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other taxes (see instructions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Add lines 8 through 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Earned income credit, additional child tax credit, fuel tax credit, net premium tax credit, American opportunity credit, and refundable credit from Form 8885 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . refundable . . . . Total 2020 estimated tax. Subtract line 11b from line 11a. If zero or less, enter -0- 2b 2c 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11a . . . . . ▶ 11b 11c 12a Multiply line 11c by 90% (662/3% for farmers and fishermen) . . . . . . 12a b Required annual payment based on prior year’s tax (see instructions) . . . 12b c Required annual payment to avoid a penalty. Enter the smaller of line 12a or 12b . . . . . ▶ 12c c Caution: Generally, if you do not prepay (through income tax withholding and estimated tax payments) at least the amount on line 12c, you may owe a penalty for not paying enough estimated tax. To avoid a penalty, make sure your estimate on line 11c is as accurate as possible. Even if you pay the required annual payment, you may still owe tax when you file your return. If you prefer, you can pay the amount shown on line 11c. For details, see chapter 2 of Pub. 505. Income tax withheld and estimated to be withheld during 2020 (including income tax withholding on pensions, annuities, certain deferred income, etc.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Subtract line 13 from line 12c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14a Is the result zero or less? Yes. Stop here. You are not required to make estimated tax payments. No. Go to line 14b. b Subtract line 13 from line 11c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14b Is the result less than $1,000? Yes. Stop here. You are not required to make estimated tax payments. No. Go to line 15 to figure your required payment. 15 If the first payment you are required to make is due April 15, 2020, enter ¼ of line 14a (minus any 2019 overpayment that you are applying to this installment) here, and on your estimated tax payment voucher(s) if you are paying by check or money order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 13 14a Form 1040-ES (2020) -8- Payment number Record of Estimated Tax Payments (Farmers, fishermen, and fiscal year taxpayers, see Payment Due Dates.) Payment due date 1 4/15/2020 2 6/15/2020 3 9/15/2020 4 1/15/2021** Total . . (a) Amount due . . . . . . (c) Check or money order number, or credit or debit card confirmation number (b) Date paid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Keep for Your Records (d) Amount paid (do not include any convenience fee) (e) 2019 overpayment credit applied (f) Total amount paid and credited (add (d) and (e)) ▶ ** You do not have to make this payment if you file your 2020 tax return by February 1, 2021, and pay the entire balance due with your return. Privacy Act and Paperwork Reduction Act Notice. We ask for this information to carry out the tax laws of the United States. We need it to figure and collect the right amount of tax. Our legal right to ask for this information is Internal Revenue Code section 6654, which requires that you pay your taxes in a specified manner to avoid being penalized. Additionally, sections 6001, 6011, and 6012(a) and their regulations require you to file a return or statement for any tax for which you are liable; section 6109 requires you to provide your identifying number. Failure to provide this information, or providing false or fraudulent information, may subject you to penalties. You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form or its instructions must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any Internal Revenue law. Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as stated in Code section 6103. We may disclose the information to the Department of Justice for civil and criminal litigation and to other federal agencies, as provided by law. We may disclose it to cities, states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. commonwealths or possessions to carry out their tax laws. We may also disclose this information to other countries under a tax treaty, to federal and state agencies to enforce federal nontax criminal laws, or to federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies to combat terrorism. If you do not file a return, do not give the information asked for, or give fraudulent information, you may be charged penalties and be subject to criminal prosecution. Please keep this notice with your records. It may help you if we ask you for other information. If you have any questions about the rules for filing and giving information, please call or visit any Internal Revenue Service office. The average time and expenses required to complete and file this form will vary depending on individual circumstances. For the estimated averages, see the instructions for your income tax return. If you have suggestions for making this package simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. See the instructions for your income tax return. Form Tear off here 1040-ES Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service 2020 Estimated Tax File only if you are making a payment of estimated tax by check or money order. Mail this voucher with your check or money order payable to “United States Treasury.” Write your social security number and “2020 Form 1040-ES” on your check or money order. Do not send cash. Enclose, but do not staple or attach, your payment with this voucher. Your first name and middle initial Simple. Fast. Secure. 4 OMB No. 1545-0074 Calendar year—Due Jan. 15, 2021 Amount of estimated tax you are paying by check or Dollars Cents money order. Your last name Your social security number Spouse’s last name Spouse’s social security number If joint payment, complete for spouse Print or type Pay online at www.irs.gov/ etpay Payment Voucher Spouse’s first name and middle initial Address (number, street, and apt. no.) City, state, and ZIP code. (If a foreign address, enter city, also complete spaces below.) Foreign country name Foreign province/county For Privacy Act and Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see instructions. -9- Foreign postal code Form 1040-ES (2020) THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK -10- Form 1040-ES Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service 2020 Estimated Tax File only if you are making a payment of estimated tax by check or money order. Mail this voucher with your check or money order payable to “United States Treasury.” Write your social security number and “2020 Form 1040-ES” on your check or money order. Do not send cash. Enclose, but do not staple or attach, your payment with this voucher. Your first name and middle initial Simple. Fast. Secure. 3 OMB No. 1545-0074 Calendar year—Due Sept. 15, 2020 Amount of estimated tax you are paying by check or Dollars Cents money order. Your last name Your social security number Spouse’s last name Spouse’s social security number If joint payment, complete for spouse Print or type Pay online at www.irs.gov/ etpay Payment Voucher Spouse’s first name and middle initial Address (number, street, and apt. no.) City, state, and ZIP code. (If a foreign address, enter city, also complete spaces below.) Foreign country name Foreign province/county Foreign postal code For Privacy Act and Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see instructions. Form Tear off here 1040-ES Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service 2020 Estimated Tax File only if you are making a payment of estimated tax by check or money order. Mail this voucher with your check or money order payable to “United States Treasury.” Write your social security number and “2020 Form 1040-ES” on your check or money order. Do not send cash. Enclose, but do not staple or attach, your payment with this voucher. Your first name and middle initial Simple. Fast. Secure. 2 OMB No. 1545-0074 Calendar year—Due June 15, 2020 Amount of estimated tax you are paying by check or Dollars Cents money order. Your last name Your social security number Spouse’s last name Spouse’s social security number If joint payment, complete for spouse Print or type Pay online at www.irs.gov/ etpay Payment Voucher Spouse’s first name and middle initial Address (number, street, and apt. no.) City, state, and ZIP code. (If a foreign address, enter city, also complete spaces below.) Foreign country name Foreign province/county Foreign postal code For Privacy Act and Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see instructions. Form Tear off here 1040-ES Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service 2020 Estimated Tax File only if you are making a payment of estimated tax by check or money order. Mail this voucher with your check or money order payable to “United States Treasury.” Write your social security number and “2020 Form 1040-ES” on your check or money order. Do not send cash. Enclose, but do not staple or attach, your payment with this voucher. Your first name and middle initial Simple. Fast. Secure. 1 OMB No. 1545-0074 Calendar year—Due April 15, 2020 Amount of estimated tax you are paying by check or Dollars Cents money order. Your last name Your social security number Spouse’s last name Spouse’s social security number If joint payment, complete for spouse Print or type Pay online at www.irs.gov/ etpay Payment Voucher Spouse’s first name and middle initial Address (number, street, and apt. no.) City, state, and ZIP code. (If a foreign address, enter city, also complete spaces below.) Foreign country name Foreign province/county For Privacy Act and Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see instructions. -11- Foreign postal code Form 1040-ES (2020) THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK -12-
Extracted from PDF file 2020-federal-form-1040-es.pdf, last modified February 2020

More about the Federal Form 1040-ES Individual Income Tax Estimated TY 2020

You must pay estimated income tax if you are self employed or do not pay sufficient tax withholding. Estimated tax payments must be sent to the IRS on a quarterly basis. The instructions are included in this pdf.

We last updated the Estimated Tax for Individuals in January 2021, so this is the latest version of Form 1040-ES, fully updated for tax year 2020. You can download or print current or past-year PDFs of Form 1040-ES directly from TaxFormFinder. You can print other Federal tax forms here.


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Related Federal Individual Income Tax Forms:

TaxFormFinder has an additional 774 Federal income tax forms that you may need, plus all federal income tax forms. These related forms may also be needed with the Federal Form 1040-ES.

Form Code Form Name
Form 1040-ES (NR) U.S. Estimated Tax for Nonresident Alien Individuals

Download all  tax forms View all 775 Federal Income Tax Forms


Form Sources:

The Internal Revenue Service usually releases income tax forms for the current tax year between October and January, although changes to some forms can come even later. We last updated Federal Form 1040-ES from the Internal Revenue Service in January 2021.

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Form 1040-ES is a Federal Individual Income Tax form. While most taxpayers have income taxes automatically withheld every pay period by their employer, taxpayers who earn money that is not subject to withholding (such as self employed income, investment returns, etc) are often required to make estimated tax payments on a quarterly basis. Failure to make correct estimated payments can result in interest or penalties.

About the Individual Income Tax

The IRS and most states collect a personal income tax, which is paid throughout the year via tax withholding or estimated income tax payments.

Most taxpayers are required to file a yearly income tax return in April to both the Internal Revenue Service and their state's revenue department, which will result in either a tax refund of excess withheld income or a tax payment if the withholding does not cover the taxpayer's entire liability. Every taxpayer's situation is different - please consult a CPA or licensed tax preparer to ensure that you are filing the correct tax forms!

Historical Past-Year Versions of Federal Form 1040-ES

We have a total of ten past-year versions of Form 1040-ES in the TaxFormFinder archives, including for the previous tax year. Download past year versions of this tax form as PDFs here:


2020 Form 1040-ES

2020 Form 1040-ES

2019 Form 1040-ES

2019 Form 1040-ES

2018 Form 1040-ES

2018 Form 1040-ES

2017 Form 1040-ES

2017 Form 1040-ES

2016 Form 1040-ES

2016 Form 1040-ES

Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals 2015 Form 1040-ES

2016 Form 1040-ES

Estimated Tax for Individuals 2014 Form 1040-ES

2014 Form 1040-ES

Estimated Tax for Individuals 2013 Form 1040-ES

2013 Form 1040-ES (OTC)

Estimated Tax For Individuals 2012 Form 1040-ES

Form 1040-ES (2012)

Estimated Tax for Individuals 2011 Form 1040-ES

2012 Form 1040-ES (OTC)


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