Federal Request for Federal Income Tax Withholding from Sick Pay
Extracted from PDF file 2020-federal-w-4s.pdf, last modified February 2020
Request for Federal Income Tax Withholding from Sick PayForm W-4S Request for Federal Income Tax Withholding From Sick Pay ▶ Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service ▶ OMB No. 1545-0074 2020 Give this form to the third-party payer of your sick pay. Go to www.irs.gov/FormW4S for the latest information. Your first name and middle initial Your social security number Last name Home address (number and street or rural route) City or town, state, and ZIP code Claim or identification number (if any) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I request federal income tax withholding from my sick pay payments. I want the following amount to be withheld from each payment. (See Worksheet below.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employee’s signature ▶ $ Date ▶ Separate here and give the top part of this form to the payer. Keep the lower part for your records. Worksheet (Keep for your records. Do not send to the Internal Revenue Service.) 1 Enter amount of adjusted gross income that you expect in 2020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 If you plan to itemize deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR), enter the estimated total of your deductions. See Pub. 505 for details. If you don’t plan to itemize deductions, enter the standard deduction. (See the instructions on page 2 for the standard deduction amount, including additional standard deductions for age and blindness.) Note: There is no deduction for personal exemptions for 2020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Subtract line 2 from line 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Tax. Figure your tax on line 3 by using the 2020 Tax Rate Schedule X, Y-1, Y-2, or Z on page 2. Do not use any tax tables, worksheets, or schedules in the 2019 Instructions for Forms 1040 and 1040-SR . 5 Credits (child tax and higher education credits, credit for child and dependent care expenses, etc.) . . 6 Subtract line 5 from line 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Estimated federal income tax withheld or to be withheld from other sources (including amounts withheld due to a prior Form W-4S) during 2020 or paid or to be paid with 2020 estimated tax payments . . . 8 Subtract line 7 from line 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Enter the number of sick pay payments you expect to receive this year to which this Form W-4S will apply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Divide line 8 by line 9. Round to the nearest dollar. This is the amount that should be withheld from each sick pay payment. Be sure it meets the requirements for the amount that should be withheld, as explained under Amount to be withheld below. If it does, enter this amount on Form W-4S above . . General Instructions Purpose of form. Give this form to the third-party payer of your sick pay, such as an insurance company, if you want federal income tax withheld from the payments. You aren’t required to have federal income tax withheld from sick pay paid by a third party. However, if you choose to request such withholding, Internal Revenue Code sections 3402(o) and 6109 and their regulations require you to provide the information requested on this form. Don’t use this form if your employer (or its agent) makes the payments because employers are already required to withhold federal income tax from sick pay. Note: If you receive sick pay under a collective bargaining agreement, see your union representative or employer. Definition. Sick pay is a payment that you receive: • Under a plan to which your employer is a party, and • In place of wages for any period when you’re temporarily absent from work because of your sickness or injury. Amount to be withheld. Enter on this form the amount that you want withheld from each payment. The amount that you enter: • Must be in whole dollars (for example, $35, not $34.50). • Must be at least $4 per day, $20 per week, or $88 per month based on your payroll period. For Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see page 2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 • Must not reduce the net amount of each sick pay payment that you receive to less than $10. For payments larger or smaller than a regular full payment of sick pay, the amount withheld will be in the same proportion as your regular withholding from sick pay. For example, if your regular full payment of $100 a week normally has $25 (25%) withheld, then $20 (25%) will be withheld from a partial payment of $80. Caution: You may be subject to a penalty if your tax payments during the year aren’t at least 90% of the tax shown on your tax return. For exceptions and details, see Pub. 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. You may pay tax during the year through withholding or estimated tax payments or both. To avoid a penalty, make sure that you have enough tax withheld or make estimated tax payments using Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals. You may estimate your federal income tax liability by using the worksheet above. Sign this form. Form W-4S is not valid unless you sign it. Statement of income tax withheld. After the end of the year, you’ll receive a Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, reporting the taxable sick pay paid and federal income tax withheld during the year. These amounts are reported to the Internal Revenue Service. (continued on back) Cat. No. 10226E Form W-4S (2020) Page 2 Form W-4S (2020) Changing your withholding. Form W-4S remains in effect until you change or revoke it. You may do this by giving a new Form W-4S or a written notice to the payer of your sick pay. To revoke your previous Form W-4S, complete a new Form W-4S and write “Revoked” in the money amount box, sign it, and give it to the payer. Specific Instructions for Worksheet You may use the worksheet on page 1 to estimate the amount of federal income tax that you want withheld from each sick pay payment. Use your tax return for last year and the worksheet as a basis for estimating your tax, tax credits, and withholding for this year. You may not want to use Form W-4S if you already have your total tax covered by estimated tax payments or other withholding. If you expect to file a joint return, be sure to include the income, deductions, credits, and payments of both yourself and your spouse in figuring the amount you want withheld. Caution: If any of the amounts on the worksheet change after you give Form W-4S to the payer, you should use a new Form W-4S to request a change in the amount withheld. Line 2—Deductions Itemized deductions. Itemized deductions include qualifying home mortgage interest, charitable contributions, state and local taxes (up to $10,000), and medical expenses in excess of 7.5% of your adjusted gross income. See Pub. 505 for details. Standard deduction. For 2020, the standard deduction amounts are: Standard Filing Status Deduction Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) . . . . . $24,800* Head of household . . . . . . . . . . . . $18,650* Single or Married filing separately . . . . . . . . $12,400* * If you’re age 65 or older or blind, add to the standard deduction amount the additional amount that applies to you as shown in the next paragraph. If you can be claimed as a dependent on another person’s return, see Limited standard deduction for dependents, later. Additional standard deduction for the elderly or blind. An additional standard deduction of $1,300 is allowed for a married individual (filing jointly or separately) or a qualifying widow(er) who is 65 or older or blind, $2,600 if 65 or older and blind. If both spouses are 65 or older or blind, an additional $2,600 is allowed on a joint return. If both spouses are 65 or older and blind, an additional $5,200 is allowed on a joint return. Additional standard deductions are also allowed on your separate return for your spouse who is 65 or older and/or blind if your spouse has no gross income and can’t be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. An additional $1,650 is allowed for an unmarried individual (single or head of household) who is 65 or older or blind, $3,300 if 65 or older and blind. See the 2020 Estimated Tax Worksheet—Line 2 Standard Deduction Worksheet in Pub. 505. Limited standard deduction for dependents. If you are a dependent of another person, your standard deduction is the greater of (a) $1,100 or (b) your earned income plus $350 (up to the regular standard deduction for your filing status). If you’re 65 or older or blind, see Pub. 505 for additional amounts that you may claim. Certain individuals not eligible for standard deduction. For the following individuals, the standard deduction is zero. • A married individual filing a separate return if either spouse itemizes deductions. • A nonresident alien individual. For exceptions, see Pub. 519, U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens. • An individual filing a return for a period of less than 12 months because of a change in his or her annual accounting period. Line 5—Credits Include on this line any tax credits that you’re entitled to claim, such as the child tax credit and credit for other dependents, higher education credits, credit for child and dependent care expenses, earned income credit, or credit for the elderly or the disabled. See the Tax Credits table in Pub. 505 for more information. Line 7—Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax Enter the federal income tax that you expect will be withheld this year on income other than sick pay and any payments made or to be made with 2020 estimated tax payments. Include any federal income tax already withheld or to be withheld from wages and pensions. 2020 Tax Rate Schedules Schedule X—Single If line 3 is: Over— $0 9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 518,400 But not over— $9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 518,400 and greater Schedule Z—Head of household The tax is: $0 + 10% 987.50 + 12% 4,617.50 + 22% 14,605.50 + 24% 33,271.50 + 32% 47,367.50 + 35% 156,235 + 37% of the amount over— If line 3 is: Over— $0 9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 518,400 $0 14,100 53,700 85,500 163,300 207,350 518,400 But not over— $14,100 53,700 85,500 163,300 207,350 518,400 and greater The tax is: $0 + 10% 1,410 + 12% 6,162 + 22% 13,158 + 24% 31,830 + 32% 45,926 + 35% 154,793.50 + 37% of the amount over— $0 14,100 53,700 85,500 163,300 207,350 518,400 Schedule Y-1—Married filing jointly or Qualifying widow(er) Schedule Y-2—Married filing separately If line 3 is: If line 3 is: Over— $0 19,750 80,250 171,050 326,600 414,700 622,050 But not over— $19,750 80,250 171,050 326,600 414,700 622,050 and greater The tax is: $0 + 10% 1,975 + 12% 9,235 + 22% 29,211 + 24% 66,543 + 32% 94,735 + 35% 167,307.50 + 37% of the amount over— $0 19,750 80,250 171,050 326,600 414,700 622,050 Paperwork Reduction Act Notice. We ask for the information on this form to carry out the Internal Revenue laws of the United States. You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form or its instructions must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any Internal Revenue Over— $0 9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 311,025 But not over— $9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 311,025 and greater The tax is: $0 + 10% 987.50 + 12% 4,617.50 + 22% 14,605.50 + 24% 33,271.50 + 32% 47,367.50 + 35% 83,653.75 + 37% of the amount over— $0 9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 311,025 law. Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as required by Code section 6103. The average time and expenses required to complete and file this form will vary depending on individual circumstances. For estimated averages, see the instructions for your income tax return. If you have suggestions for making this form simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. See the instructions for your income tax return.
2020 Form W-4S
More about the Federal W-4S Individual Income Tax Tax Credit TY 2020
The form W-4S is used for the purpose of setting up a Tax Withholding plan in regards to sick pay. Give this form to the third-party payer of your sick pay, such as an insurance company, if you want federal income tax withheld from the payments. You aren’t required to have federal income tax withheld from sick pay paid by a third party. However, if you choose to request such withholding, Internal Revenue Code sections 3402(o) and 6109 and their regulations require you to provide the information requested on this form. Don’t use this form if your employer (or its agent) makes the payments because employers are already required to withhold federal income tax from sick pay. Note: If you receive sick pay under a collective bargaining agreement, see your union representative or employer.
We last updated the Request for Federal Income Tax Withholding from Sick Pay in January 2021, so this is the latest version of W-4S, fully updated for tax year 2020. You can download or print current or past-year PDFs of W-4S directly from TaxFormFinder. You can print other Federal tax forms here.
Related Federal Individual Income Tax Forms:
|Form Code||Form Name|
|Form W-4S||Request for Federal Income Tax Withholding From Sick Pay|
|W-4(SP)||Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate (Spanish Version)|
The Internal Revenue Service usually releases income tax forms for the current tax year between October and January, although changes to some forms can come even later. We last updated Federal W-4S from the Internal Revenue Service in January 2021.
W-4S is a Federal Individual Income Tax form. States often have dozens of even hundreds of various tax credits, which, unlike deductions, provide a dollar-for-dollar reduction of tax liability. Some common tax credits apply to many taxpayers, while others only apply to extremely specific situations. In most cases, you will have to provide evidence to show that you are eligible for the tax credit, and calculate the amount of the credit to which you are entitled.
About the Individual Income Tax
The IRS and most states collect a personal income tax, which is paid throughout the year via tax withholding or estimated income tax payments.
Most taxpayers are required to file a yearly income tax return in April to both the Internal Revenue Service and their state's revenue department, which will result in either a tax refund of excess withheld income or a tax payment if the withholding does not cover the taxpayer's entire liability. Every taxpayer's situation is different - please consult a CPA or licensed tax preparer to ensure that you are filing the correct tax forms!
Historical Past-Year Versions of Federal W-4S
We have a total of two past-year versions of W-4S in the TaxFormFinder archives, including for the previous tax year. Download past year versions of this tax form as PDFs here:
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