Wisconsin Farmland Preservation Credit
Extracted from PDF file 2020-wisconsin-schedule-fc-a.pdf, last modified November 2020
Farmland Preservation CreditInstructions for 2020 Schedule FC-A General Instructions Which Schedule to File A 2020 farmland preservation credit claim may be filed using Schedule FC‑A, Schedule FC, or both. However, a credit may not be claimed on the same acreage using both Schedule FC‑A and Schedule FC. File Schedule FC‑A if 1) you have an ownership interest in a farm that is covered by an original or modified farmland preservation agreement entered into on or after July 1, 2009 (see notes below) or located in an area designated in a certified exclusive agricultural use zoning or farmland preservation zoning ordinance and 2) you otherwise qualify (see “Who May Claim the Credit” and “Who May Qualify” below). Other Filing Requirements You will need to provide the 7 digit identification number(s) located on your certificate(s) of compliance issued by your county in order to claim the farmland preservation credit using Schedule FC-A. For more information contact DATCP at (608) 224-4621 or (608) 224-4611. Notes • A farmland preservation agreement is considered entered into prior to July 1, 2009, if 1) the application for the agreement was submitted to the county clerk between January 1, 2008, and June 30, 2009, and 2) the agreement was entered into on or after July 1, 2009. • An agreement entered into prior to July 1, 2009, may be modified in order to file your farmland preservation credit claim using Schedule FC‑A. For more information, contact DATCP at (608) 224-4621, (608) 224‑4611 or [email protected] File Schedule FC if 1) you are subject to a farmland preservation agreement entered into prior to July 1, 2009 (see notes above), and 2) you otherwise qualify (see “Who May Claim the Credit” and “Who May Qualify” on page 2 of the instruc‑ tions for Schedule FC). Who May Claim the Credit A claimant must be the “owner” of a farm (see definition later in these instructions) and may be any of the following: • Individuals – Individuals, partners in partnerships, members of limited liability companies (LLCs) treated as partnerships, shareholders of tax-option (S) corporations, and grantors of revocable trusts may claim the credit on their individual income tax returns. (See “Corporations” for information regarding publicly traded partnerships and LLCs treated as corporations.) If two or more members of a household (an individual, his or her spouse if married, and dependents while under age 18) qualify (for example, where spouses are filing separate returns), they must determine between themselves whether: 1. Each qualifying member of the household will file a claim based on their individual share of ownership of the farm, or 2. One designated member of the household will file a claim based on the entire household’s share of ownership of the farm. If they are unable to agree, the matter may be referred to the Secretary of Revenue, whose decision will be final. • Corporations – Corporations other than tax-option (S) corporations (see “Individuals”) may claim the credit on their corporation franchise or income tax returns. This includes publicly traded partnerships and limited liability companies (LLCs) treated as corporations under the Wisconsin Statutes. • Trusts and Estates – Trustees of qualifying trusts and personal representatives of estates may claim the credit on the trust or estate return. (For exceptions, see definition of “Owner” later in these instructions.) Who May Qualify To qualify for the farmland preservation credit, you must meet all of the following conditions: 1. You or any member of your household must have been the “owner” of the farm (see definitions later in these instructions) for which the credit is being claimed, at the end of the taxable year. I-126a (R. 12-20) Wisconsin Department of Revenue 2. You must have been a resident of Wisconsin for the entire taxable year. The taxable year may be either calendar year 2020 or a fiscal year beginning in 2020, but it must be for the same period covered by your 2020 income tax return. A corporation must have been organized under the laws of Wisconsin. 3. You and your spouse must not claim homestead credit for 2020 or the veterans and surviving spouses property tax credit based on your 2020 property taxes (payable in 2021). 4. You must have paid to or be legally responsible for paying to the taxing authority the 2020 property taxes levied against the “qualifying acres” (see definition later in these instructions) to which the claim relates. 5. At the end of the taxable year to which the claim relates, your farm must be located in a “farmland preservation zoning district” (see definition later in these instructions), or must be wholly or partially covered by an original or modified farmland preservation agreement entered into after July 1, 2009. 6. Your farm must have produced at least $6,000 of “gross farm revenues” (see definition later in these instructions) during the taxable year to which the claim relates or at least a total of $18,000 in gross farm revenues during the taxable year to which the claim relates and the 2 immediately preceding taxable years. If you rent out your farm, the renter’s gross farm revenues are used to satisfy this requirement. 7. As of the end of the taxable year to which the claim relates, there must not have been an outstanding notice of noncompliance with a soil and water conservation plan or standards issued against your farm. To determine if your farm is in compliance, contact the County Land Conservation Committee. Note A claim may be based on the qualifying acres of more than one farm. Each farm to which the claim relates must meet qualifications 5, 6, and 7 above. When to File A 2020 farmland preservation credit claim must be filed not later than 4 years after the unextended due date of your 2020 tax return. For calendar year filers, the 2020 Schedule FC-A must be filed by April 15, 2025. How and Where to File Because of the way farmland preservation credit claims are processed, please use BLACK INK to complete Sched‑ ule FC‑A. Schedule FC‑A has preprinted zeros in the “cents” area of the entry lines. Amounts filled in on those lines should be rounded to the nearest dollar. If completing Schedule FC‑A by hand, do not use commas or dollar signs in any of the amounts that are filled in. For more tips, see page 5 of the instructions for Wisconsin Form 1. Schedule FC‑A should be enclosed immediately behind the 2020 Wisconsin income or franchise tax return when it is filed. Your tax return and Schedule FC‑A should be mailed to the address shown on the tax return. Your farmland preservation credit will decrease any tax due or increase any tax refund. Only one refund check will be mailed for the combined farmland preservation credit and tax refund. If you previously filed your 2020 Wisconsin tax return and now wish to file Schedule FC‑A, do the following: • Complete an amended tax return and enclose Schedule FC‑A with it. • Mail them to the address shown on the tax return. If an individual is not required to file a 2020 Wisconsin tax return but wishes to claim a farmland preservation credit, they should enclose Schedule FC‑A and a schedule listing all sources and amounts of income with a Form 1, on which they fill in only the name and address area, and the amount of credit on line 28b. The farmland preservation credit claim should be mailed to Wisconsin Department of Revenue, PO Box 59, Madison WI 53785-0001. Electronic Filing If you file Schedule FC‑A electronically, mail all of the required Schedule FC‑A enclosures (see “Enclosures Required” later in these instructions), along with a completed Form W‑RA, Required Attachments for Electronic Filing, to Wisconsin Department of Revenue, PO Box 8977, Madison WI 53708-8977. Note Wisconsin e-file is no longer available for Schedule FC-A. However, you will still be able to electronically file Sched‑ ule FC-A using modernized e-file. I-126a (R. 12-20) - 2 - Wisconsin Department of Revenue Additional Help To obtain more information about farmland preservation credit or help in preparing Schedule FC‑A, or for a copy of Wis‑ consin Publication 503, Wisconsin Farmland Preservation Credit, you may contact any Department of Revenue office. The location and telephone number of the office nearest you may be listed in your telephone book. You may also email a question to [email protected], phone (608) 266‑2442 (Madison). Definitions Farm “Farm” means all land under common ownership that is primarily devoted to agricultural use. Example: You and Individual C own a 40 acre parcel in County A and a 60 acre parcel in County B. All 100 acres are primarily devoted to agricultural use. The two parcels are considered one farm. Example: You own a 100 acre parcel with Individual D and an adjacent 80 acre parcel with Individual E. All 180 acres are primarily devoted to agricultural use. The two parcels are considered two separate farms. Farmland preservation zoning district “Farmland preservation zoning district” means an area designated in a certified exclusive agricultural use zoning or farmland preservation zoning ordinance. To determine the number of acres of a farm designated in a farmland preservation zoning district, contact the appropriate zoning authority. Gross farm revenues “Gross farm revenues” means gross receipts from agricultural use of a farm, excluding rent receipts, less the cost or other basis of livestock or other agricultural items purchased for resale which are sold or other‑ wise disposed of during the taxable year. If you rent out your farm, gross farm revenues are those of your renter, produced from your farm. The renter’s name and address should be filled in on question 6 of Schedule FC‑A. If you are unsure whether the required gross farm revenues were produced from the farm you rented out, contact your renter to obtain this information. Household “Household” means an individual, his or her spouse if married, and all dependents while they are under age 18. When dependent children reach age 18, they are no longer considered members of your household for purposes of determining a farmland preservation credit. Owner “Owner” means a resident of Wisconsin owning land and includes an individual, a corporation incorporated in Wisconsin (including a publicly traded partnership or limited liability company (LLC) treated as a corporation), a grantor of a revocable trust, a qualifying trust, an estate, each member of a partnership or association having a joint or common interest in land, each member of an LLC that is treated as a partnership, each shareholder of a tax-option (S) corporation, a vendee under a land contract, and a guardian on behalf of a ward. “Owner” does not include a trust created by a nonresident, a trust that receives Wisconsin real property from a nonresi‑ dent, a trust in which a nonresident grantor retains a beneficial interest, or the estate of an individual who is a nonresident on the date of death. When a farm is subject to a life estate, the person who has an ownership interest and is operating the farm and paying or legally responsible for paying the property taxes is the owner who may claim the credit. Qualifying acres “Qualifying acres” means the number of acres of a farm that 1) correlate to a claimant’s ownership per‑ centage and 2) are located in a farmland preservation zoning district or covered by a farmland preservation agreement. Example: You own 75% of a 100 acre farm. 80 of the 100 acres are in a farmland preservation zoning district. You have 60 (80 x 75%) qualifying acres. Receipt of Credit is Income You must include the total amount of any farmland preservation credit from Schedule FC‑A received in your taxable year that began in 2020 as income on your 2020 Wisconsin tax return. Filing Incorrect Claims If you recklessly or fraudulently claim an incorrect farmland preservation credit, you will be ineligible to claim any refund‑ able credit for up to 10 years. Penalties may also apply. I-126a (R. 12-20) - 3 - Wisconsin Department of Revenue Specific Instructions Lines 1 Through 6. Questions Read and answer questions 1 through 6 carefully. All the requested information must be furnished. If you answer “no” to question 1, 4, or 5, you do not qualify. Do not complete the rest of Schedule FC‑A. If you answer “no” to question 3, contact the County Land Conservation Committee for additional information on how to obtain a certificate of compliance. Question 1a: “Individuals” include trustees of qualifying trusts and personal representatives of estates claiming the credit on the trust or estate return. Lines 7, 9, and 11. Credit Computation To determine the number of qualifying acres to fill in on lines 7, 9, and 11, complete the schedule on page 2 of Sched‑ ule FC‑A. If your claim is based on more than one farm, complete a separate schedule (page 3 of Schedule FC‑A) for each farm. Fill in the amounts from line 5 of the schedule on page 2 on lines 7, 9, and 11 of Schedule FC‑A, as appropri‑ ate. Line 13. Farmland Preservation Credit Fill in the credit from line 13 on line 28b of Form 1, line 62b of Form 1NPR, line 14b of Form 2, Part III, line 13 of Form 6, or line 45b of Schedule CR for Form 4 or Form 4T. Qualifying Acres Schedule Step 1: Enter the 7 digit identification number from your certificate of compliance for each county in which the farm is located. If the farm is located in more than 4 counties, complete a separate Qualifying Acres Schedule(s) to include the additional certificate of compliance identification number(s) with the corresponding parcel number(s) and acres. Do NOT include more than one farm per Qualifying Acres Schedule. Enclosures Required Enclose all of the following items that pertain to each farm on which your claim is based: • Certification issued by the County Land Conservation Committee of compliance with soil and water standards. (Exception: This enclosure is not required if 1) you submitted a certificate of compliance with a previous year’s claim and 2) the farm’s acreage has not since changed.) • Complete, legible copies of your 2020 property tax bills or computer printouts signed by the county or municipal treasurer. The property tax bills or computer printouts must show all of the following information: the year; the owner’s name; the parcel numbers and legal description of the property; the acreage; the assessed value of land and improvements; any special assessments; property taxes before and after state aids and credits, including lottery and gaming credit, if applicable; and a space for indicating whether there are unpaid property taxes for prior years. • An executed original or modified farmland preservation agreement (copy, not original). • If a different numbering system is used to identify parcels on the agreement and the property tax bills, enclose an explanation to reconcile the difference. • Closing statement signed by both the buyer and the seller, and the deed or land contract relating to the purchase or sale, if the farm on which the claim is based was purchased or sold during the claim year (copies, not originals). The closing statement must show the legal description or parcel numbers of the property purchased or sold. • Document to verify your percentage of ownership. If there are names on the property tax bills other than yours and your spouse’s and 1) you did not verify your ownership percentage with a previous year’s claim or 2) your ownership percentage has changed since 2019, enclose a copy (not the original) of the appropriate document listed below, to verify your (or your household’s) ownership percentage. Documents that you may submit to verify your ownership include: a. A deed to verify your ownership percentage in co-owned property; your acquisition by a method other than purchase, such as by gift, repossession, etc.; or a life estate. b. A Wisconsin Schedule 3K-1 to verify your percentage of ownership of capital if you are a partner in a partnership (a partner’s ownership percentage in farmland owned by the partnership is based on capital ownership percentage, not profit or loss percentage). c. A Wisconsin Schedule 5K-1 to verify your percentage of stock ownership if you are a tax-option (S) corporation shareholder. I-126a (R. 12-20) - 4 - Wisconsin Department of Revenue d. A land contract if you are a vendee purchasing property. e. A divorce judgment, including the final stipulation, if you acquired full or partial ownership through a divorce. f. A final judgment in an estate if you inherited property. g. A certification of termination of joint tenancy if a joint tenant (or spouse) has died. h. A trust instrument if you are the trustee of a trust claiming the credit, the grantor of a revocable trust, or a grantor with a life estate. How to Assemble Assemble (DO NOT STAPLE, use paper clips) your Wisconsin franchise or income tax return and farmland preservation credit claim in the following order: • Wisconsin income or franchise tax form (Form 1, 1NPR, 2, 4, 4T, or 6) • Schedule FC-A • 2020 property tax bills • Other required enclosures (see “Enclosures Required” earlier in these instructions) • Any additional farmland preservation credit information • Other Wisconsin schedules and forms • Federal tax form (Form 1040, 1040-SR, 1041, or 1120) APPLICABLE LAWS AND RULES This document provides statements or interpretations of the following laws and regulations enacted as of November 30, 2020: Subchapter IX of ch. 71, Wis. Stats. I-126a (R. 12-20) - 5 - Wisconsin Department of Revenue
2020 I-126a Instructions for Schedule FC-A
More about the Wisconsin Schedule FC-A Corporate Income Tax Tax Credit TY 2020
We last updated the Farmland Preservation Credit in March 2021, so this is the latest version of Schedule FC-A, fully updated for tax year 2020. You can download or print current or past-year PDFs of Schedule FC-A directly from TaxFormFinder. You can print other Wisconsin tax forms here.
Related Wisconsin Corporate Income Tax Forms:
|Form Code||Form Name|
|Schedule FC||Farmland Preservation Credit|
Wisconsin usually releases forms for the current tax year between January and April. We last updated Wisconsin Schedule FC-A from the Department of Revenue in March 2021.
Schedule FC-A is a Wisconsin Corporate Income Tax form. States often have dozens of even hundreds of various tax credits, which, unlike deductions, provide a dollar-for-dollar reduction of tax liability. Some common tax credits apply to many taxpayers, while others only apply to extremely specific situations. In most cases, you will have to provide evidence to show that you are eligible for the tax credit, and calculate the amount of the credit to which you are entitled.
About the Corporate Income Tax
The IRS and most states require corporations to file an income tax return, with the exact filing requirements depending on the type of company.
Sole proprietorships or disregarded entities like LLCs are filed on Schedule C (or the state equivalent) of the owner's personal income tax return, flow-through entities like S Corporations or Partnerships are generally required to file an informational return equivilent to the IRS Form 1120S or Form 1065, and full corporations must file the equivalent of federal Form 1120 (and, unlike flow-through corporations, are often subject to a corporate tax liability).
Additional forms are available for a wide variety of specific entities and transactions including fiduciaries, nonprofits, and companies involved in other specific types of business.
Historical Past-Year Versions of Wisconsin Schedule FC-A
We have a total of nine past-year versions of Schedule FC-A in the TaxFormFinder archives, including for the previous tax year. Download past year versions of this tax form as PDFs here:
2020 I-126a Instructions for Schedule FC-A
2019 I-126a Instructions for Schedule FC-A
2018 I-025a Wisconsin Schedule FC-A, Farmland Preservation Credit
2017 I-025a Wisconsin Schedule FC-A, Farmland Preservation Credit
2016 I-025a Wisconsin Schedule FC-A, Farmland Preservation Credit
2015 I-025a Wisconsin Schedule FC-A, Farmland Preservation Credit (fillable)
2013 I025a Wisconsin Schedule FC-A, Farmland Preservation Credit (fillable)
2012 I025a Wisconsin Schedule FC-A, Farmland Preservation Credit
2011 Schedule FC-A, Wisconsin farmland preservation credit (pdf fillable format)
While we do our best to keep our list of Wisconsin Income Tax Forms up to date and complete, we cannot be held liable for errors or omissions. Is the form on this page out-of-date or not working? Please let us know and we will fix it ASAP.