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Ohio Free Printable  for 2021 Ohio Income Tax Instruction Booklet

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Income Tax Instruction Booklet
Income Tax Instructions

• INSTRUCTIONS ONLY • NO RETURNS • hio 2019 Instructions for Filing Original and Amended: • Individual Income Tax (IT 1040) • School District Income Tax (SD 100) hio Department of Taxation tax. hio.gov 2019 Ohio IT 1040 / SD 100 Instructions These instructions are for Ohio's individual income and school district income taxes. Use the tabs in the margins of this booklet to locate instructions for the IT 1040, SD 100 and their accompanying schedules. Table of Contents A H Amended returns..................................... 7 Highlights for 2019.................................. 4 B I Business credits...............................21-23 Business income Business income deduction (IT BUS).... 19 Definitions and examples..................... 9 C College savings (Ohio 529 plan) Instructions........................................18 Worksheet.......................................... 30 D Deceased taxpayers................................ 6 Direct deposit options............................ 50 Donations........................................ 11, 14 E Earned income credit............................ 21 Electronic filing options.......................... 50 Estimated tax payments for 2020............ 6 Exemptions............................................13 F Filing extensions................................ 6, 12 Filing requirements.......................... 10, 46 Individual credits...............................20-21 Income statements (W-2, 1099).......38-39 Interest and penalties.................. 7, 14, 47 IT 1040 Completing the top portion................. 12 General information........................... 10 Line instructions............................13-14 Income tax rates and tables..........32-37 J Joint filing credit.....................................21 L Lump sum credits Instructions........................................20 Worksheets........................................ 28 M Mailing addresses................................... 5 Medical & health care expenses Instructions........................................18 Worksheet.......................................... 27 Military...............................................8, 17 Modified adjusted gross income........ 6, 31 G General information..............................6-7 N Net operating loss (IT NOL)................... 49 Nonresident credit (IT NRC).............23-26 Nonresident statement (IT NRS)..... 12, 48 P Payment options...................................... 5 R Refund status.......................................... 2 Residency..............................................10 Residency credits.................................. 22 Retirement income credit...................... 20 S Schedule A.......................................15-18 Schedule of Credits..........................20-23 School district numbers....................40-45 SD 100 Completing the top portion................12 General information........................... 46 Line instructions................................. 47 School district tax rates.................40-45 Senior citizen credit......................... 20, 47 Social Security income.......................... 16 U Use (sales) tax Instructions........................................ 13 Worksheet.......................................... 31 Online Resources The Department of Taxation's website at tax.ohio.gov has many resources available to assist you when filing your Ohio individual income and school district income tax returns: FAQs – Review answers to common questions on topics such as business income and residency issues. Online Services – File your state and school district income tax returns for free. There are also several self-service options such as making payments, viewing transcripts and accessing your 1099-G and 1099-INT statements from the Department. Information Releases – Research detailed explanations and legal analyses of certain tax topics such as residency and tax issues facing military servicemembers and their civilian spouses. The Finder – Lookup your address to determine if you live in a taxing school district as well as the tax rate and four-digit school district number. Ohio Virtual Tax Academy – View webinars designed and presented by Department staff on Ohio's state taxes. Tax Alerts – Sign up to receive tax updates and reminders from the Department via email. -1- 2019 Ohio IT 1040 / SD 100 Instructions Taxpayer Assistance Need Help? – To help answer your questions and ensure that your tax returns are filed accurately, the Department of Taxation provides the following resources at tax.ohio.gov: Additionally, the website has all individual income and school district income tax forms for you to download or print. If you cannot find the answer using the website, you may contact the Department using any of the following methods: Email – Click 'Contact' at the top right on tax.ohio.gov and select 'Email Us' to access a secure email form. Call – You may call to speak with an examiner at 1-800-282-1780 during the Department's normal business hours. Normal business hours are from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday excluding holidays. Phone service will be extended until 7 p.m. from April 8, 2020 through April 15, 2020. Write – Contact the Department by mail at: Ohio Department of Taxation Taxpayer Services Division P.O. Box 182382 Columbus, OH 43218-2382 Visit – The Department operates a self-service visitor center, during normal business hours, at: 4485 Northland Ridge Blvd. Columbus, OH 43229-6596 Note: All visitors must present a photo I.D. such as a current driver's license, state I.D., military I.D., or passport. Form Requests: Visit tax.ohio.gov to easily download our forms. You can also request tax forms anytime by calling 1-800-282-1782. For persons who use text telephones (TTYs) or adaptive telephone equipment only: Contact the Ohio Relay Service at 7-1-1 or 1-800-750-0750 and give the communication assistant the Ohio Department of Taxation phone number that you wish to contact. Volunteer Income Tax Assistance Program (VITA) and Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE): These programs help persons with disabilities as well as elderly, low-income and limited English speaking taxpayers complete their state and federal returns. For locations in your area, call 1-800-906-9887, or visit their website at http://www.irs.gov/Individuals/ Free-Tax-Return-Preparation-for-You-byVolunteers. AARP: Trained and certified AARP tax aide volunteer counselors assist low- to middle-income taxpayers, with special attention to those age 60 and older. For more information, call 1-888-227-7669 or visit their website at http://www.aarp. org/money/taxes/aarp_taxaide/. These instructions contain law references for specific line items and requirements. To review Ohio income and school district income tax law, see codes.ohio.gov/orc/5747 and codes.ohio.gov/orc/5748, respectively. Check Your Refund Status Anytime, Anywhere! ¬ 24-Hour Hotline - 1-800-282-1784 ¬ Online at tax.ohio.gov ¬ Mobile App - Search "Ohio Taxes" on your device's app store. -2- 2019 Ohio IT 1040 / SD 100 Instructions A Message From the Ohio Tax Commissioner Dear Ohio Taxpayers, I would like to thank you and all Ohioans for taking the time to fill out and file the 2019 Ohio income tax return. It is truly a critical responsibility and one that ultimately helps provide benefits to us all. Whether it is educating our children, protecting our families and neighbors, or safeguarding our health and the environment that surrounds us, every Ohioan is impacted in some positive way by the collective contributions of income we make throughout the year to support our communities and Ohio. This past year, as is often the case, brought changes to the laws and rules that govern Ohio’s income tax filing system. This instruction booklet will address all those changes and give you the guidance you need to fill out your 2019 income tax return. I would like to call attention to a few of the more significant changes: • Tax rates have been cut by 4% for all taxpayers. The top rate is now 4.797% (previously 4.997%). • The number of tax brackets has been reduced from 8 to 6 brackets, meaning those with incomes of $21,750 or less will pay no Ohio income tax. • Ohio’s Earned Income Credit (EIC) has been expanded to give qualified taxpayers a tax credit equal to 30% of their federally claimed EIC (previously a 10% credit). • Those taxpayers claiming the Business Income Deduction (BID) will be required to ‘add-back’ the BID when calculating both school district income tax (if applicable), and eligibility for certain means-tested credits. • The Ohio Political Party checkbox has been eliminated. If you are not already filing your tax return electronically, please consider doing so. It is faster, safer, more accurate and more economical, plus you can file your Ohio tax return for free with our I-File system. Please keep in mind the deadline for filing both your Ohio and federal tax return is April 15, 2020. As a reminder, a request for a filing extension does not extend your payment due date. If you have any questions or need assistance with your Ohio return, you can contact our Taxpayer Assistance line at 1-800-282-1780, or reach out online at tax.ohio.gov. Best wishes, Jeff McClain Ohio Tax Commissioner Our Mission "To provide quality service to Ohio taxpayers by helping them comply with their tax responsibilities and by fairly applying the tax law." Federal Privacy Act Notice Because we require you to provide us with a Social Security number, as part of completing your Ohio income and school district income tax returns and their accompanying worksheets and schedules, the Federal Privacy Act of 1974 requires us to inform you that providing us with your Social Security number is mandatory. Ohio Revised Code sections 5703.05, 5703.057 and 5747.08 authorize us to request this information. We need your Social Security number in order to administer this tax. -3- 2019 Ohio IT 1040 / SD 100 Instructions Highlights for 2019 New Modified Adjusted Gross Income. Beginning with tax year 2019, your exemption amount, certain credits, and the school district income tax bases are determined using "modified adjusted gross income" or "modified adjusted gross income less exemptions." See the instructions on page 6. New Ohio Nonresident Statement. Nonresident taxpayers who are eligible to file form IT NRS may now make their statement using the IT 1040 in place of filing the IT NRS. See the instructions on pages 12 and 48. New Ohio Political Party Fund. Beginning with tax year 2019, taxpayers may no longer designate $1 of their tax liability to go to the Ohio Political Party Fund. New Opportunity Zone Credit. A new credit is available for certain individuals who invest in Ohio opportunity zones. See the instructions on page 22. New Frequently Asked Questions. The Department of Taxation recently completed a review of its individual income and school district income tax Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). This included updates to the FAQ categories. New FAQs were added based on recent questions, and existing FAQs were redrafted for clarity, conciseness, and readability. Go to tax.ohio.gov for these improved FAQs. Electronic Estimated Payments. Estimated payments can be submitted with your electronically filed Ohio IT 1040 and/ or SD 100 through a participating third-party tax preparation product. Payments may be future dated but must be scheduled by the 4th quarter estimated payment due date. Electronic 1099-Gs. Your 1099-G is available to view and print using Online Services at tax.ohio.gov. You can elect to receive your 1099-G electronically. This will help save taxpayer dollars and allow you to take a small part in saving the environment. Refund Information. Most taxpayers who file their returns electronically and request direct deposit will receive their refunds in approximately 15 business days. Paper returns will take approximately 8 to 10 weeks to process. Common Filing Tips for Paper Filers Ì Ì Ì Ì Ì Ì Ì Write legibly using black ink and UPPERCASE letters. Double-check your demographic information. • Verify your name(s) and SSN(s) are correct. • Verify your current address. Use both lines, if necessary. If you are due a refund, it will be mailed to this address. Verify the forms and vouchers are for the correct tax year. • The Department releases new forms and vouchers each tax year. Do not cross out the year at the top of the form or voucher and write in a new one. If you do this, processing of your form or voucher may be delayed. Correcting software-generated paper returns. • If you print a paper return from a tax preparation program and later need to change information on the return, do not cross out or white out and then write in the changes. You must go back into the program, make the necessary changes and reprint the return. • The Department’s system will not pick up handwritten changes on returns generated by tax preparation software. Use the proper payment voucher. • Use the Ohio IT 40P to pay your Ohio income tax, and the Ohio SD 40P to pay your school district tax due. • If you are amending your return(s), use the Ohio IT 40XP to pay your Ohio income tax, and the Ohio SD 40XP to pay your school district tax due. Do not staple, paper clip or otherwise attach your return together. • This will allow the Department to process your return as quickly as possible. We will ensure your return information stays grouped together. Ì Ì Ì -4- Include all necessary schedules and worksheets. • If you have an amount on line 2a and/or 2b of your IT 1040, include Ohio Schedule A. • If you have an amount on line 9 and/or 16 of your IT 1040, include the Ohio Schedule of Credits and any appropriate worksheets. • If you have an amount on line 11 of your Ohio Schedule A, include Ohio Schedule IT BUS. • If you have dependents, include Ohio Schedule J. • Ensure your return is placed in the proper order: 1) Ohio IT 1040 (pages 1 and 2) 2) Ohio Schedule A 3) Ohio Schedule IT BUS 4) Ohio Schedule of Credits 5) Ohio Schedule J 6) Worksheets and attachments 7) Wage and income statements Include verification for your withholding and credits. • If you have an amount on line 14 of your IT 1040 and/or an amount on line 7 of your SD 100, include copies of your W-2(s), W-2G(s) and/or 1099(s) that show your Ohio and/ or school district tax withheld. • If you are claiming any refundable and/or nonrefundable business credits on your Ohio Schedule of Credits, include copies of the required certificates and/or Ohio K-1s. Do not include any bank or routing information with your paper return. • Direct deposit of individual income and school district income tax refunds is not available to paper filers. When filing both Ohio and school district income tax returns, send each return in its own envelope. General Filing & Payment Information New Ohio Income Tax Tables. Beginning with tax year 2019, Ohio's individual income tax brackets have been modified so that individuals with Ohio taxable nonbusiness income of $21,750 or less are not subject to income tax. Additionally, all Ohio income tax rates have been reduced by 4%. 2019 Ohio IT 1040 / SD 100 Instructions Payment Options and Mailing Addresses Several options are available for paying your Ohio and/or school district income tax. If you are remitting for both Ohio and school district income taxes, you must remit each payment as a separate transaction. By law, all tax is due on April 15, 2020 except for certain members of the military. The Department is not authorized to set up payment plans. However, you may submit partial payments toward any outstanding liability including interest and penalties. Such payments will not stop the Department's billing process, or collection attempts by the Ohio Attorney General's Office. payment will appear on your credit card statement as two separate entries – one for the payment itself and a second for the Official Payments service fee. ● Fourth, when prompted, enter “1” if making an income tax payment, or “2” if making a school district income tax payment. When will my payment be posted? Your payment will be effective the date you authorize it. You cannot future-date a credit card payment. If you subsequently reverse the transaction, you may be subject to penalties, interest and other fees. You will then be prompted to enter your payment information. What information do I need when using this payment method? Please have the following information available: Paper Check or Money Order If you use IRS e-file or Ohio I-File, simply follow the payment instruction prompts for making payments by electronic check. ● The Ohio jurisdiction code: 6446; ● Your SSN and your spouse’s SSN (if filing jointly); ● The tax year of your payment; ● The payment amount; ● Your credit or debit card number and expiration date; AND ● The school district number (if making a payment for an SD 100). If you are paper filing, you can pay by electronic check using the Department’s Online Services at tax.ohio.gov. How do I make a debit or credit card payment by phone? When you call Official Payments: This payment method withdraws funds directly from your checking or savings account. There is no fee for using this payment method. Generally, your payment will be withdrawn within 24 hours of the date you choose for payment. You must ensure that the funds are in your account and available on the date you choose for payment. The payment will show on your bank statement as “STATE OF OHIO”. ● First, when prompted, enter “2”. ● Second, when prompted, enter “6446#”. ● Third, verify the information. If correct, enter “1”. Electronic Check You can pay by electronic check regardless of your filing method. You can delay payment until the payment deadline of April 15, 2020. You can also pay your quarterly 2020 Ohio individual and/or school district estimated income tax with this method. What if there’s a problem with my payment? Call Official Payments at 1-866-621-4109. You may pay your Ohio individual income and/or school district income tax by personal check or money order. Ohio IT 1040: Make your check or money order payable to “Ohio Treasurer of State.” Include the tax year and the last four digits of your SSN on the “Memo” line. Include the appropriate voucher: ● IT 40P for original returns; OR ● IT 40XP for amended returns. SD 100: Make your check or money order payable to “School District Income Tax.” Include the tax year, the last four digits of your SSN, and the school district number on the "Memo" line. Include the appropriate voucher: ● SD 40P for original returns; OR ● SD 40XP for amended returns. Where Should I Mail My Return and/or Payment? If Submitting Ohio Form: IT 1040 without payment Ohio Department of Taxation P.O. Box 2679 Columbus, OH 43270-2679 IT 1040 with payment (enclose Ohio IT 40P / IT 40XP) Ohio Department of Taxation P.O. Box 2057 Columbus, OH 43270-2057 SD 100 without payment Ohio Department of Taxation P.O. Box 182197 Columbus, OH 43218-2197 SD 100 with payment (enclose SD 40P / SD 40XP) Ohio Department of Taxation P.O. Box 182389 Columbus, OH 43218-2389 Credit or Debit Card You can pay using a debit or credit card by visiting www.officialpayments.com or calling 1-800-272-9829. This payment method charges your credit card (Discover, Visa, MasterCard or American Express). Note: When paying using this method, you will be provided a confirmation number. Keep this number with your tax records. Official Payments charges a convenience fee equal to 2.5% of your payment or $1, whichever is greater. The state of Ohio does not receive any of this fee. The Mail To: If Only Submitting Payment With Voucher: IT 40P / IT 40XP SD 40P / SD 40XP -5- Mail To: Ohio Department of Taxation P.O. Box 182131 Columbus, OH 43218-2131 Ohio Department of Taxation P.O. Box 182389 Columbus, OH 43218-2389 2019 Ohio IT 1040 / SD 100 Instructions General Information for the Ohio IT 1040 and SD 100 What is Modified Adjusted Gross Income? Modified adjusted gross income is your Ohio adjusted gross income (Ohio IT 1040, line 3) plus your business income deduction (Ohio Schedule A, line 11). If you did not take a business income deduction, your modified adjusted gross income matches your Ohio adjusted gross income. You will need to know your modified adjusted gross income to determine your personal exemption amount and if you qualify for any of the following credits: ● Retirement income credit; ● Lump sum retirement credit; ● Senior citizen credit; ● Lump sum distribution credit; ● Child care and dependent care credit; ● Exemption credit; AND ● Joint filing credit. Additionally, if you live in an earned income tax base school district, your taxable income is limited to only income included in your modified adjusted gross income. Use the worksheet on page 31 to calculate your modified adjusted gross income. See R.C. 5747.01(JJ). When Are My Ohio Returns Due? Most taxpayers must file their Ohio IT 1040 and SD 100 (if applicable) by April 15, 2020. You must file your return by this date even if you are unable to pay the tax due. For an exception for certain military servicemembers, see page 8. Filing extensions: You can extend the due date for filing your Ohio IT 1040 and SD 100 to October 15th, 2020, provided you qualify for an IRS extension of time to file. Ohio does not have an extension request form, but honors the IRS extension. Include a copy of your IRS extension or IRS acknowledgment, and/or your extension confirmation number. An extension of time to file does not extend the time for payment of the tax due. You must make extension payments by April 15, 2020 on the Ohio IT 40P and/ or SD 40P, available at tax.ohio.gov. Interest will accrue on any tax not paid by April 15, 2020, and penalties may also apply. See R.C. 5747.08(G) and Ohio Adm. Code 5703-7-05. What Tax Records Do I Need to Keep? Keep a copy of your: ● Income tax returns and schedules; ● Wage and income statements; ● Supporting documentation; ● Payment records; for at least four years from the later of the filing due date or the date you filed the return. You must be able to support all items listed on your return. See R.C. 5747.17. How Should I Complete My Income Tax Returns? 1. Use black ink ONLY. 2. Round numbers to the nearest dollar. Do not print over the zeros in the boxes on the far right of each line. 3. Print your numbers and letters (UPPER CASE only) inside the boxes as shown: 123 ANY ST R EET How Do I Round to the Nearest Dollar? To round to the nearest whole dollar, drop any cents less than 50 cents and increase amounts from 50 cents to 99 cents to the next highest dollar. See R.C. 5703.055. Does Ohio Follow the Alternative Preparer Signature Procedures? The Department follows the federal alternative preparer signature procedures found in federal Notice 2004-54. However, the paid preparer must print (not sign) his/ her name if the taxpayer authorizes the preparer to discuss the return with the Department. Preparers with a Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN) must provide it on all returns. See R.C. 5703.263(C) and 5747.08(F). Can My Tax Preparer Contact the Department About My Tax Return? You may authorize your preparer to contact the Department concerning your return by checking the box above your tax preparer's name on page 2 of the return. Checking this box also authorizes your preparer to: ● Provide the Department with information missing from your return; ● Contact the Department about the status of your return, payments, or refund; AND ● Respond to inquiries or notices from the Department related to the return. See R.C. 5747.08(J). Should I Make Estimated Tax Payments for Tax Year 2020? If your income is subject to Ohio withholding, you generally do not need to make estimated payments. You should make estimated pay-6- ments for tax year 2020 if your estimated Ohio tax liability (total tax minus total credits) less Ohio withholding is more than $500. Estimated payments are made quarterly according to the following schedule: 1st quarter - April 15, 2020 2nd quarter - June 15, 2020 3rd quarter - Sept. 15, 2020 4th quarter - Jan. 15, 2021 Use the Ohio IT 1040ES vouchers to make estimated Ohio income tax payments. Use the Ohio SD 100ES vouchers to make estimated Ohio school district tax payments. Joint filers should determine their combined estimated Ohio tax liability and make joint estimated payments. Note: Instead of making estimated payments, you can increase your Ohio withholding by filing a revised Ohio IT 4 with your employer. Also, special rules regarding estimated payments apply to certain taxpayers with farming and/or fishing income. See Adm. Code 5703-7-04. If you do not make the required estimated payments, you may be subject to an interest penalty for underpayment of estimated taxes. See form IT/SD 2210. For additional information, see tax.ohio.gov for FAQs (located under the "Income - Estimated Income/School District Taxes and the 2210 Interest Penalty" category). See also R.C. 5747.09. What if a Taxpayer Is Deceased? The taxpayer's personal representative, such as an executor or administrator, must file and sign the return on behalf of the deceased taxpayer. Important: ● Use the same filing status as shown on the federal income tax return. ● Check the "Deceased" box after the applicable SSN on page 1 of the return. ● The Department cannot rewrite a decedent's refund check by making it payable to the estate of the decedent. However, the Department can reissue a refund check to include either the personal representative's name or the word "Deceased." See R.C. 5747.08(A). What if I Move After Filing My Return? If you move after filing your return, notify the Department as soon as possible of your address change. You should also notify the post office of your address change at moversguide.usps.com. 2019 Ohio IT 1040 / SD 100 Instructions How Do I Prove I Paid? Your cancelled check or credit card statement can be used as proof of payment. If you make payment with a money order, be sure to keep a copy for your records. Do I Owe Interest and Penalties? For both Ohio's individual income and school district income taxes, you owe interest if you pay your tax liability after the unextended due date of the return. Interest is due from April 15, 2020 until the date the tax is paid. The interest rate for calendar year 2020 is 5%. A failure-to-file penalty, the greater of $50 per month up to a maximum of $500, or 5% per month up to a maximum of 50% of the tax, may be charged if you fail to file your Ohio income tax return by the due date. A failure-to-pay penalty of double the applicable interest may be charged if you do not pay the tax by April 15, 2020. An additional $50 bad-check charge may be imposed against any taxpayer whose payment is dishonored by the bank. Certain military servicemembers may not be subject to these requirements. See page 8 for more information. See R.C. 5747.08(G) and 5747.15. Amending Your Ohio IT 1040 and SD 100 You can file an amended Ohio IT 1040 or SD 100 to report changes to your originally filed return(s). An amended return can result in either a tax due or a refund based on the changes. Under certain circumstances, an amended return may be required. To amend the Ohio IT 1040 or SD 100, you should file a new return, reflecting all proposed changes, and indicate that it is amended by checking the box at the top of page 1. You must include the IT RE with your amended IT 1040. You must include the SD RE with your amended SD 100. Be sure to list your current mailing address on the amended return. It may take at least 120 days from the date of receipt to process your amended return. For additional information, see tax.ohio.gov for FAQs (located under the "Income - Amended Returns" category). When Not to Amend Your Return ● Social security, disability, survivorship, and retirement benefits: Copies of 1099(s), pages 1 and 2 of your federal return, and the retirement plan paying the benefits; ● Residency status: Any document supporting your residency change including a copy of your resident state return, driver’s license, or voter registration; ● Payments/credits: Copies of your income statements (W-2, 1099, etc.), Ohio IT K-1, or credit certificates; ● Nonresident credit: Ohio form IT NRC. See R.C. 5747.11. Reporting Additional Tax Due You should amend your return to report additional income, or reduce a previously claimed credit or deduction. Such changes may result in additional tax due. Payment should be included with your amended return using an IT 40XP and/or SD 40XP payment voucher. Some common mistakes may not require an amended return. Some examples include: ● Math errors; ● Missing pages or schedules; ● Demographic errors; ● Missing income statements (W-2, 1099, K-1) or credit certificates; ● Unclaimed payments. Changes to Your Federal Return In these situations, the Department will either make the corrections or contact you to request documentation. Do not file your amended Ohio return(s) until the IRS has finalized the changes to your federal return. Once they are finalized, include a copy of all of the following: ● Your federal 1040X; ● The IRS acceptance letter; AND ● The refund check issued to you by the IRS, if applicable. Requesting a Refund You may amend your return to request an additional credit, deduction or payment. Such changes may result in a refund. Generally, you have four years from the date of the payment to request a refund. You must include supporting documentation to substantiate the changes reported on your amended return. Some common required documentation includes: ● Business Income: Pages 1 and 2 of your federal return, the federal schedules reporting your business income, and IT K-1 forms; If the IRS makes changes to your federal return, either based on an audit or an amended return, and those changes affect your Ohio return(s), you are required to file an amended IT 1040 and/or SD 100. The IRS notifies us of these changes. Note: Instead of providing these documents, you may be able to submit a copy of the IRS Tax Account Transcript reflecting your updated federal return information. If there is a change in your filing status and/or dependents, it must be reflected on your amended Ohio return(s). Additionally, for changes to dependents, complete an updated Ohio Schedule J. -7- Net Operating Loss: To claim a federal NOL carryback, check both boxes at the top of the return(s) and include a completed Ohio Schedule IT NOL. See the instructions for the Ohio Schedule IT NOL on page 49. Your amended Ohio IT 1040 and/or SD 100 must be filed no later than 90 days after the CAUTION IRS completes its review of your federal return, even after the four-year period has passed. Failure to file the return within the 90-day period may result in an assessment or a denial of your refund claim. ! See R.C. 5747.01(O) and 5747.10. Changes to Your Resident Credit You must file an Ohio amended return based on changes made by another state if all of the following are true: ● You claimed a resident credit on your Ohio IT 1040; ● You filed income tax returns in other states; ● The Ohio resident credit claimed was based on either the taxes due or the taxes paid to the other states; ● The other states made changes to the returns; AND ● The changes will affect your Ohio resident credit calculation. The calculation of your income taxes paid to other states may change after the four-year period has passed. If the taxes paid would otherwise qualify for the Ohio resident credit, you have an additional 60 days after the changes have been finalized by the state(s) to file an amended return and request any refund that results from the changes. Once the changes are finalized, please include a copy of all of the following: ● The other state return(s) or correction notice(s); AND ● Proof of payment to the other state(s). See R.C. 5747.05(B)(3). 2019 Ohio IT 1040 / SD 100 Instructions Ohio Income Tax for Military Servicemembers and Their Civilian Spouses Residency. A military servicemember is a resident of their "state of legal residence." This is generally the same as the servicemember's "home of record" unless it is subsequently changed. The servicemember's state of legal residence does not change based on military orders. A servicemember's civilian spouse will also retain their original state of legal residence, if the servicemember and spouse have the same state of legal residence and the spouse is only accompanying the servicemember as part of military orders. However, a civilian spouse can elect to have the same state of legal residence as the servicemember. Deductions. Ohio law provides five distinct deductions to military servicemembers. Please note, only income included in the taxpayer's federal adjusted gross income is eligible for these deductions. For example, Ohio Resident Veterans Bonus payments are not included in federal adjusted gross income and thus are not deductible. The following deductions are in the "Uniformed Services" section of Ohio Schedule A: ● Line 26 - Deduction for military pay and allowances for certain active duty servicemembers while stationed outside Ohio ● Line 27 - Deduction for military pay Filing. Certain military servicemembers may not have a filing requirement due to the deductions available under Ohio law. However, the Department recommends that you file an Ohio IT 1040 or IT 10 to avoid delinquency billings. For more information on who must file an Ohio income tax return, see page 10. earned by a nonresident servicemember ● Line 28 - Deduction for retirement income for service in the "uniformed services" ● Line 29 - Deduction for amounts received from the Ohio "military injury relief fund" ● Line 30 - Deduction for certain reimbursements and benefits received for service in the Ohio National Guard Extensions to File/Pay. Certain military servicemembers may qualify for extensions to file their Ohio income tax returns and pay their Ohio tax due. Generally, Ohio recognizes any extensions granted by the IRS and those taxpayers will have the same extensions to file their Ohio returns and pay any Ohio tax due. These servicemembers do not owe interest, penalties, or the interest penalty in connection with this extension period. See R.C 5747.026 for more information. Additionally, line 27 allows a deduction for income earned by a servicemember's nonresident civilian spouse, when the servicemember and spouse have the same state of residence and are present in Ohio due to military orders. See page 17 for specific instructions on each of these deductions. Withholding. To avoid Ohio withholding on income not subject to tax: ● A servicemember who qualifies for the deduction on line 26 can complete Ohio form IT 4 MIL. ● A civilian spouse who qualifies for the deduction on line 27 can complete Ohio form IT MIL-SP. Taxability. The charts below summarize the taxability of income for military servicemembers and their civilian spouses. You must provide form IT 4 MIL or IT MILSP to your employer. The forms are available at tax.ohio.gov. Taxability of a Military Servicemember's Income in Ohio 1) If the servicemember is a: 2) And the income is earned: 3) And the source of the income is: Military Service NonMilitary 4) Then the income is: Taxed in Ohio Taxed in Ohio Resident of Ohio In Ohio Nonresident of Ohio Outside of Ohio Military Service NonMilitary In Ohio Military Service Deductible on Eligible for Deductible on Schedule A, the Resident Schedule A, line 27 line 26 Credit Outside of Ohio NonMilitary NonMilitary Military Service Taxed in Ohio Deductible on Eligible for the Schedule A, Nonresident line 27 Credit Taxability of a Servicemember's Civilian Spouse's Income in Ohio Resident of Ohio Nonresident of Ohio 1) If the spouse is a: 2) And the spouse and servicemember: 3) And the income is earned: In Ohio Outside of Ohio In Ohio Outside of Ohio In Ohio Outside of Ohio 4) Then the income is: Taxed in Ohio Eligible for the Resident Credit Deductible on Schedule A, line 27 Eligible for the Nonresident Credit Taxed in Ohio Eligible for the Nonresident Credit N/A (Skip to #3) The same state of legal residence Different states of legal residence For additional information on this topic, see tax.ohio.gov for FAQs (located under the "Military" category), or Information Release IT 2008-02 titled "Ohio Taxable Income and Deductions for Servicemembers and Civilian Spouses." You can also email us at [email protected] -8- 2019 Ohio IT 1040 / SD 100 Instructions Ohio Definitions and Examples of Business and Nonbusiness Income How is Business Income Treated on My Ohio Return? Taxpayers can deduct the first $250,000 ($125,000 for married separate filers) of their business income included in their federal adjusted gross income. Also, any business income not deducted is taxed at a flat 3%. See the instructions for the Ohio Schedule IT BUS on page 19. Additionally, Ohio-related business income earned by nonresidents is taxable to Ohio. See the instructions for the IT NRC on page 23. How Does Ohio Law Define Business and Nonbusiness Income? "Business income" is income, including gain/ loss, arising from any of the following: ● Transactions, activities, and sources in the regular course of a trade or business operation; ● Real, tangible, and intangible property if the acquisition, rental, management, and disposition of the property constitute integral parts of the regular course of a trade or business operation; ● A partial or complete liquidation of a business, including gain or loss from the sale or other disposition of goodwill; OR ● Compensation and guaranteed payments paid by a pass-through entity, or a professional employer organization on its behalf, to an investor who directly or indirectly owns 20% or more of the entity. "Nonbusiness income" is any income other than business income. See R.C. 5747.01(B), 5747.01(C) and 5733.40(A)(7). How Do I Determine What Income is Business Income? Business income can be determined by using either test: Transactional Test: Looks to the nature, frequency and regularity of the transaction. Functional Test: Looks to if the property was integral to the trade or business, or if it generated business income in the past. See Kemppel v. Zaino, 2001-Ohio-92. Generally, income recognized by a sole proprietorship or pass-through entity is business income. However, determining if income is business income is highly dependent upon the specific facts and circumstances. What Are Some Examples of Business Income vs. Nonbusiness Income? Interest and Dividends: John reports $1,500 of interest and dividend income on federal Schedule B. $200 of his interest income is from a pass-through entity that primarily operates an investment business. The remaining $1,300 is from personal, nonbusiness sources. Thus, only $200 of John’s interest is business income. Capital Gains and Losses: Andrew recognizes a capital gain from the sale of a tractor used to harvest wheat on his farm. Since the tractor was integral to his farming business, the capital gain is business income. Capital Gains and Losses: Paul reports $8,000 of capital gain income on his federal Schedule D. $2,000 of the capital gains are from a pass-through entity that primarily operates an investment business. The remaining $6,000 is from personal, nonbusiness sources. Thus, only $2,000 of Paul’s capital gains are business income. Capital Gains and Losses: Ann has a 90% ownership interest in a pass-through entity; she sells her interest in the business to another individual. As a result of this sale, Ann realizes a capital gain of $500,000. Ann’s ownership interest is an intangible asset, and capital gains resulting from the sale of intangible assets are generally nonbusiness income. See Corrigan v. Testa, 2016-Ohio-2805. Rental Income and Losses: Debbie owns several rental properties. She actively advertises, manages, and maintains these properties. Debbie is in the trade or business of property rental. Therefore, her rental income is business income. Rental Income and Losses: Ryan occupies a home on a golf course. The golf course hosts a two-week tournament every year. Ryan annually takes a vacation to Florida and rents out his home during the tournament. While the rental might be considered regular, Ryan is not in the trade or business of property rental. Therefore, his rental income is not business income. Royalty Income: Hannah works full-time from her home writing children’s books. Hannah has an agreement with a publisher that pays her a royalty for each copy of her book that is sold. Hannah is in the trade or business of writing books. Therefore, her royalty income is business income. Mineral Rights Income: Cynthia allows a company to extract minerals from her residential property. She receives income based on the company's usage of her land. Since Cynthia is not engaged in a trade or business related to this income, it is not business income. Pass-Through Income: Ellen owns 15% of a pass-through entity. She reports $50,000 of ordinary income, $10,000 of bonus depreciation and $60,000 of guaranteed payments on federal Schedule E. Since Ellen owns less than 20% of the entity, the guaranteed payments are nonbusiness income. Thus, her net business income from federal Schedule E is $40,000 (her ordinary income less bonus depreciation). Guaranteed Payments: Stan owns 25% of a pass-through entity. He reports a $60,000 guaranteed payment on federal Schedule E. Because he owns at least 20% of the entity, the guaranteed payment is business income. Wages/Compensation: Jim owns 80% of an S corporation. Jim receives $200,000 of wages from the S corporation, which are reported on a W-2. Because he owns at least 20% of the corporation, the wages are reclassified as business income. Trust Income: Brett sets up a trust, with himself as the beneficiary, that invests in multiple pass-through entities. Operating income from these entities is distributed to the trust, which further distributes the income to Brett. Since the income was business income to the entities, it retains its character as business income as it passes through to the trust and to Brett. Trust Income: David sets up a trust, with himself as the beneficiary, to hold his personal investments. Although David uses a trust, the usage of a trust does not create a trade or business. Therefore, the investment income is nonbusiness income to both the trust and to David. For additional information, see tax.ohio.gov for FAQs (located under the "Income – Business Income and the Business Income Deduction" category). -9- 2019 Ohio IT 1040 Instructions General Information for the Ohio IT 1040 Who Must File an Ohio Income Tax Return? Exception: A full-year nonresident living in Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia, Michigan or Pennsylvania does not have to file if the nonresident's only Ohio-sourced income is wages. Example: Charley lives in Kentucky but commutes to Cincinnati every day to her job. Charley's wages are not taxable in Ohio even though they are earned here. You do not have to file an Ohio income tax return if: ● Your Ohio adjusted gross income (Ohio IT 1040, line 3) is less than or equal to $0; ● The total of your senior citizen credit, lump sum distribution credit and joint filing credit (Ohio Schedule of Credits, lines 4, 5 and 12) is equal to or exceeds your income tax liability (Ohio IT 1040, line 8c) and you are not liable for school district income tax; OR ● Your exemption amount (Ohio IT 1040, line 4) is the same as or more than your Ohio adjusted gross income (Ohio IT 1040, line 3). However, even if you meet one of these exceptions, if you have a school district income tax liability (SD 100, line 2), you are required to file the Ohio IT 1040. Note: If your federal adjusted gross income is greater than $24,100, the Department recommends that you file an Ohio IT 1040 or IT 10, even if you do not owe any tax, to avoid delinquency billings. Ohio IT 10: Certain taxpayers can file the Ohio Income Tax Information Notice (form IT 10) instead of the Ohio IT 1040. Form IT 10 lists six types of taxpayers eligible to file the form because they: ● Owe no Ohio income tax for the tax year; AND ● Are not requesting a refund. What Is my Ohio Residency Status? How Do I Show I Am a Nonresident of Ohio? Resident: You are an Ohio resident for income tax purposes if you are domiciled in Ohio. Thus, under Ohio law, the terms “domiciled” and “resident” mean the same thing. Any individual can challenge the presumption of Ohio residency by providing documentation showing that they are a nonresident. Ohio uses a contact period test to determine the burden of proof needed to show that an individual is a nonresident. Generally, any individual with an abode in Ohio is presumed to be a resident. The abode can be either owned or rented. Temporary absence from your Ohio abode, no matter how long, does not change your residency status. Thus, if you live in Ohio, the presumption is that you are an Ohio resident. If you had fewer than 213 contact periods in Ohio during the tax year, you must provide enough documentation to show that it is more likely than not that you were a nonresident. If you had 213 or more contact periods, you must provide clear and convincing documentation that you were a nonresident. Example: Brent travels to Florida each winter and returns to Ohio each spring. However, he maintains his Ohio driver's license, voter registration, etc. and has not established permanent residence in Florida. Therefore, he is a full-year resident of Ohio. Alternatively, certain individuals can change the presumption of Ohio residency to a presumption of nonresidency by filing the Ohio Nonresident Statement (form IT NRS). For more information on this statement, see pages 12 and 48. Part-year resident: You are a part-year resident of Ohio if you were a resident of Ohio for a portion of the tax year and a nonresident for the rest of the tax year. Thus, you are a part-year resident if you permanently moved into or out of Ohio during the tax year. See R.C. 5747.24(B), (C) and (D). Part-year residents are entitled to the nonresident credit for any income earned while they were a resident of another state. They are also eligible for the resident credit on non-Ohio income earned while they were an Ohio resident, if they were subject to, and paid tax on, that income in another state. Nonresident: You are a nonresident if you were a resident of another state for the entire tax year. Nonresidents who earn or receive income within Ohio will be able to claim the nonresident credit with respect to all items of income not earned and not received in Ohio. If you are currently a member of the military and you have questions about your residency status, see page 8. For additional information, see tax.ohio.gov for FAQs (located under the "Income - Ohio Residency and Form IT NRC" category), or Information Release IT 2018-01 titled, "Residency Guidelines - Tax Imposed on Resident and Nonresident Individuals for Taxable Years 2018 and Forward." See also R.C. 5747.01(I)(1) and Cunningham v. Testa, 2015-Ohio-2744. Forms IT 1040 and IT 10 are available at tax.ohio.gov. See R.C. 5747.08. - 10 - What Is a Contact Period? You have a contact period in Ohio if all of the following are true: ● You have an abode outside of Ohio; ● You are away overnight from your abode; AND ● While away, you spend any portion of two consecutive days in Ohio. You do not have to spend the night in Ohio. For example, if you spend portions of Monday and Tuesday in Ohio, but stay in a hotel in Kentucky on Monday night, you would still have a contact period in Ohio. You must spend consecutive days in Ohio to have a contact period. For example, if you spend portions of Monday and Wednesday in Ohio, but not Tuesday, then you would not have a contact period in Ohio. See R.C. 5747.24(A). General IT 1040 Information Every Ohio resident and every part-year resident is subject to the Ohio income tax. Every nonresident having Ohio-sourced income must also file. Examples of Ohiosourced income include the following: ● Wages or other compensation earned in Ohio (see "Exception" below); ● Ohio lottery winnings; ● Ohio casino gaming winnings; ● Income or gain from Ohio property; ● Income or gain from a sole proprietorship doing business in Ohio; ● Income or gain from a pass-through entity doing business in Ohio. Ohio Residency 2019 Ohio IT 1040 Instructions Donations that Apply to Ohio IT 1040 A donation will reduce the amount of the refund that you are due. If you decide to CAUTION donate, this decision is final. You cannot change your mind and later ask for your donations to be refunded. If you do not want to donate, do not enter an amount on Ohio IT 1040, lines 26a-f. ! Because your tax return is confidential, the Department cannot release your name to the fund administrators, but the administrators extend appreciation to those who donate. Your donation may be tax-deductible on a future federal income tax return. See R.C. 5747.113. Breast and Cervical Cancer Project – Contributions made to the project are used to provide free breast and cervical cancer screening, diagnostic and outreach/case management services to uninsured and underinsured Ohio women. The project is administered by the Ohio Department of Health and is operated through 11 regional agencies, which enroll women in the program and schedule them for services with clinical providers in the agency's service area. If you do not have an overpayment on your Ohio IT 1040, but you want to donate to provide grants for free breast and cervical cancer screening, you may do so by writing a check payable to "Ohio Treasurer of State" or "Ohio Department of Health" and mailing it to: Ohio Department of Health Attn: Breast & Cervical Cancer P.O. Box 15278 Columbus, Ohio 43215-0278 In the description on the check, please write "Breast and Cervical Cancer Donation." Military Injury Relief Fund – The Military Injury Relief Fund provides grants to individuals injured while in active service as a member of the United States armed forces and to individuals diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder while serving, or after having served, in Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn or Operation Enduring Freedom. If you do not have an overpayment on your Ohio IT 1040, but you want to donate to provide grants to such individuals, you may do so by writing a check payable to "Ohio Treasurer of State (ODVS)" and mailing it to: Ohio Department of Veterans Services Military Injury Relief Fund P.O. Box 373 Sandusky, OH 44871 Ohio History Fund – The Ohio History Fund is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that allocates these funds toward a matching grants program to support state and local history-related projects throughout Ohio. If you do not have an overpayment on your Ohio IT 1040, but you want to donate to provide grants to promote and protect Ohio's rich history, you may do so by writing a check payable to "The Ohio History Connection Income Tax Contribution Fund" and mailing it to: The Ohio History Connection Attn: Business Office 800 E. 17th Avenue Columbus, OH 43211-2474 Donations may also be made online at www.ohiohistory.org. State Nature Preserves – Contributions are used to protect Ohio's state nature preserves, natural areas and endangered species habitat. Donations are desperately needed to make the difference between adequate management of Ohio's most fragile habitats and ongoing degradation due to invasive exotic species and other threats. Assist us in protecting your natural heritage. If you do not have an overpayment on your Ohio IT 1040, but you want to donate to protect Ohio's natural areas, you may do so by writing a check payable to the "Natural Areas and Endangered Species Fund" and mailing it to: Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Natural Areas and Preserves 2045 Morse Road, Building C-4 Columbus, OH 43229-6693 To make a donation online or to learn more, go to naturepreserves.ohiodnr.gov and click "Donate Today" at the bottom of the page. - 11 - Wildlife Species and Endangered Wildlife – The Division of Wildlife uses these funds to establish habitat and protect open spaces for wildlife. Past donations have helped to restore populations of endangered species. Your generous donation will continue to help support Ohio's native wildlife – a natural treasure! If you do not have an overpayment on your Ohio IT 1040, but you want to donate to provide grants to protect Ohio's natural heritage, you may do so by writing a check payable to the "Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Special Account" and mailing it to: Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Wildlife 2045 Morse Road, Building G-1 Columbus, OH 43229-6693 To make a donation online or to learn more, go to wildlife.ohiodnr.gov and click "Learn More" under the "Support Your Wildlife" section at the bottom of the page. Wishes for Sick Children – Contributions are distributed by the Ohio Department of Health to fund a program administered by a nonprofit corporation that grants the wishes of individuals who are under the age of 18, Ohio residents, and have been diagnosed with a life-threatening medical condition. If you do not have an overpayment on your Ohio IT 1040, but you want to donate to provide funds for Wishes for Sick Children, you may do so by writing a check payable to "Ohio Treasurer of State" or "Ohio Department of Health" and mailing it to: Ohio Department of Health Attn: Wishes for Sick Children P.O. Box 15278 Columbus, OH 43215-0278 2019 Ohio IT 1040 Instructions Completing the Top Portion of Your Ohio Returns These instructions are used to complete the top portions of the Ohio IT 1040 and SD 100. IT 1040 and SD 100 IT 1040 Only SD 100 Only Amended Return Check Box School District Number School District Number Check this box if you are amending your previously filed return. You must include the Ohio IT RE and/or SD RE with your amended return. See page 7 for amended return instructions. If you were an Ohio resident for any part of the tax year, enter the number of the school district in which you lived during the majority of the year. Full-year nonresidents should enter 9999. Enter the school district number for which you are filing this return on pages 1 and 2. See pages 40-45 for a full list of Ohio’s school districts or use The Finder at tax. ohio.gov. Net Operating Loss (NOL) See pages 40-45 for a full list of Ohio’s school districts or use The Finder at tax. ohio.gov. School District Residency Status Check this box if you are amending due to a net operating loss carryback. You must include the Ohio Schedule IT NOL with your amended return. Name(s), Address and SSN(s) Enter your name and address on page 1 and your SSN on pages 1 and 2 of your return (if filing jointly, also enter your spouse’s name and SSN on page 1). Do not include your spouse’s name and SSN if you are not filing jointly. Note: If you and/or your spouse have an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN), you should enter the ITIN in the spaces provided on the return for the SSN. County If you were an Ohio resident for any part of the tax year, enter the first four letters of the county in which you lived during the majority of the tax year. Full-year nonresidents should leave these boxes blank. Filing Status Your filing status must be the same as your federal income tax filing status for the tax year. See R.C. 5747.08(E). If you check “married filing separately,” enter your spouse’s SSN in the spaces provided. If you and your spouse filed a joint federal return, you must file a joint Ohio income tax return even if one or both of CAUTION you are nonresidents of Ohio. You may claim the nonresident credit (see the Ohio Schedule of Credits) for income not earned or received in Ohio. If you and your spouse filed separate federal returns, you must file separate Ohio returns. ! Note: Some school districts levy an income tax on their residents. See page 46 for more information. Check the box corresponding to your residency status for the school district number you entered on the return. If you are a part-year resident, enter the dates of nonresidency. Residency Status Tax Type Check the box corresponding to your residency status. If your filing status is married filing jointly, each spouse must indicate his/ her residency status. Check the box indicating the tax type of the school district for which you are filing this return. The list of school districts on pages 40-45 indicates the tax type of each taxing school district. If you checked the box for “nonresident,” write, in the space provided, the two-letter abbreviation of the state where you resided for the majority of the tax year. For more information on the two tax types, see page 46. For more information on Ohio residency, see page 10. Ohio Nonresident Statement Nonresidents who meet certain required criteria and wish to establish an irrebuttable presumption of non-Ohio residency for the tax year may check these boxes instead of filing form IT NRS. The five required criteria are listed on page 48 under the heading, “What Criteria are Required to File the Ohio Nonresident Statement?” Nonresidents who file a joint return and both meet the required criteria can each check the appropriate box to establish an irrebuttable presumption of non-Ohio residency. Note: Individuals who do not meet the required criteria are still able to file as nonresidents. Residents and part-year residents cannot check these boxes to establish an irrebuttable presumption of non-Ohio residency. Extension Filer To request an extension of time to file your Ohio return, check the box indicating you filed federal form 4868 with the IRS for this tax year. Only taxpayers with a valid federal extension are allowed an extension of time to file their Ohio returns. For more information on filing extensions, see page 6. - 12 - 2019 Ohio IT 1040 Instructions Ohio IT 1040 - Individual Income Tax Return These instructions are used to complete pages 1 and 2 of the Ohio IT 1040. Line 1 – Federal Adjusted Gross Income Line 4 – Personal and Dependent Exemptions Enter the amount from your 2019 federal income tax return: ● Federal 1040, line 8b; ● Federal 1040-SR, line 8b; ● Federal 1040-NR, line 35; OR ● Federal 1040-NR-EZ, line 10. Ohio allows a personal exemption for you and, if filing a joint return, your spouse. Individuals claimed as dependents on another taxpayer's return are not eligible to take a personal exemption on their own return. Ohio allows a dependent exemption for all dependents properly claimed on your federal tax return. ! CAUTION Generally, line 1 of your Ohio income tax return must match your federal adjusted gross income as defined in the Internal Revenue Code. Ohio IT 1040 Zero or Negative Federal Adjusted Gross Income. If you have a zero or negative federal adjusted gross income, you must include a copy of page 1 and 2 of your federal return. See R.C. 5747.02(A)(3) and 5747.01(A). A foreign trust that files federal form 1040NR should not use the IT 1040 to file with Ohio. Such trusts must file form IT 1041, available at tax.ohio.gov. Line 2a – Ohio Adjustments (Additions) Ohio Schedule A lists the additions to your federal adjusted gross income. For more information about the additions you must make, see page 15. ● If you have no additions to your Ohio income, leave line 2a blank. ● Any additions listed on this line must be supported by the applicable Ohio Schedule A line item(s). Enter the amount from Ohio Schedule A, line 10 on this line. You must include a copy of Ohio Schedule A with your return. Line 2b – Ohio Adjustments (Deductions) Ohio Schedule A lists the deductions from your federal adjusted gross income. For more information about the deductions you must make, see pages 15-18. ● If you have no deductions to your Ohio income, leave line 2b blank. ● Any deductions listed on this line must be supported by the applicable Ohio Schedule A line item(s). Enter the amount from Ohio Schedule A, line 38 on this line. You must include a copy of Ohio Schedule A with your return. The personal and dependent exemption is a graduated amount, based on your modified adjusted gross income* as follows: Modified Adjusted Gross Income* Personal/ Dependent Exemption $40,000 or less $2,350 $40,001 – $80,000 $2,100 More than $80,000 $1,850 Enter the total number of exemptions you claimed in the spaces provided. Multiply that number by the appropriate exemption amount from the chart above and enter the result on line 4. Example: John and Mary file a joint tax return and claim their 17-year-old son Patrick as an exemption on their federal income tax return. John and Mary’s modified adjusted gross income is $75,000. Based on these facts, they claim three exemptions of $2,100 each on their return, for a total of $6,300 on line 4. Patrick works at the local grocery after school and will also file his own return. Since Patrick’s parents are taking the exemption for him, he will not be eligible for the exemption amount and will report $0 on line 4. Ohio Schedule J. You must complete and enclose Ohio Schedule J, listing every dependent for whom you are claiming this exemption. The form can be found at tax.ohio.gov. Enter the full name, SSN, dependent's relationship and birthdate of each dependent claimed for this exemption. If your dependent has an individual tax identification number (ITIN) or adoption taxpayer identification number (ATIN), enter that number in the boxes for the dependent's SSN. If the dependent information is not provided, incomplete, or contains errors, you may be asked for supporting documentation. See R.C. 5747.025 and 5747.01(O). Line 8a – Tax on Line 7a Calculate your tax on your Ohio income tax base less business income. ● All taxpayers can utilize the Income Tax Brackets found on page 32. ● If your nonbusiness taxable income is less than $106,000, your tax has been calculated for you in the Income Tax Table found on pages 32-37. Note: The Income Tax Table shows the tax amount for $50 increments of income and is calculated on the midpoint income for all of the income in that $50 range. The tax amount listed in the Income Tax Table may be slightly lower or higher than the tax amount computed by using the Income Tax Brackets. See R.C. 5747.02(A)(3). Line 11 – Interest Penalty Generally, if you are a wage earner and have Ohio withholding, you will not owe an interest penalty. If you have non-wage income or no Ohio withholding, use Ohio IT/SD 2210 to determine if an interest penalty is due. This form is available at tax.ohio.gov. See R.C. 5747.09(D) and (E). Line 12 – Unpaid Use (Sales) Tax Report the amount of unpaid use (sales) tax due for the tax year. A worksheet and detailed explanation of Ohio's use tax are located on page 31. See R.C. 5747.083. Line 14 – Ohio Income Tax Withheld Enter the total amount of Ohio income tax withheld as reported on your income statement(s). See the sample statements on pages 38-39. ● Place legible state copies of your W-2(s), W-2G(s) or 1099-R(s) after the last page of your return. Do not staple or otherwise attach. ● Do not include software generated or handwritten income statements. ● Do not claim on the Ohio return any taxes withheld for another state, a city or a school district. *Beginning with this tax year, the personal and dependent exemptions are determined using "modified adjusted gross income." For more information, see "What is Modified Adjusted Gross Income?" on page 6 and the worksheet on page 31. - 13 - 2019 Ohio IT 1040 Instructions ● Do not claim on this line taxes withheld on your behalf by a pass-through entity reported to you on an Ohio IT K-1. For proper reporting of these amounts, see Ohio Schedule of Credits, line 37. See R.C. 5747.08(H). Line 15 – Payments and Credit Carryforward Amounts Enter the following amounts: ● Estimated payments made with an Ohio IT 1040ES; ● Extension payments made with an Ohio IT 40P; AND ● Any credit carryforward amount from your prior year Ohio IT 1040. Do not include either of the following on this line: ● A prior year's refund that you requested but did not receive. (Contact the Department about any refund you requested but did not receive). ● Taxes withheld on your behalf by a passthrough entity, reported to you on an Ohio IT K-1. (These amounts should be reported on Ohio Schedule of Credits, line 37). See R.C. 5747.09(B). Line 17 – Amount Previously Paid (Amended Returns Only)
Extracted from PDF file 2019-ohio-income-tax-instructions.pdf, last modified January 2020

More about the Ohio Income Tax Instructions Individual Income Tax

Use this printable booklet to help you fill out and file your income taxes. these instructions cover forms IT 1040, IT 1040EZ, Telefile and SD 100.

We last updated the Income Tax Instruction Booklet in January 2020, and the latest form we have available is for tax year 2019. This means that we don't yet have the updated form for the current tax year. Please check this page regularly, as we will post the updated form as soon as it is released by the Ohio Department of Taxation. You can print other Ohio tax forms here.


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Other Ohio Individual Income Tax Forms:

TaxFormFinder has an additional 82 Ohio income tax forms that you may need, plus all federal income tax forms.

Form Code Form Name
Form IT 1040 Ohio Individual Income Tax Return
Form IT 1040ES Income Tax Estimated Payment Vouchers and Instructions
Form IT 1040EZ Ohio Individual Income Tax EZ Return
Form IT 40P Income Tax Payment Voucher
Form IT SD 100 Individual Income and School District Income Tax Publication

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Form Sources:

Ohio usually releases forms for the current tax year between January and April. We last updated Ohio Income Tax Instructions from the Department of Taxation in January 2020.

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About the Individual Income Tax

The IRS and most states collect a personal income tax, which is paid throughout the year via tax withholding or estimated income tax payments.

Most taxpayers are required to file a yearly income tax return in April to both the Internal Revenue Service and their state's revenue department, which will result in either a tax refund of excess withheld income or a tax payment if the withholding does not cover the taxpayer's entire liability. Every taxpayer's situation is different - please consult a CPA or licensed tax preparer to ensure that you are filing the correct tax forms!

Historical Past-Year Versions of Ohio Income Tax Instructions

We have a total of five past-year versions of Income Tax Instructions in the TaxFormFinder archives, including for the previous tax year. Download past year versions of this tax form as PDFs here:


2015 Income Tax Instructions

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