Michigan Non-Unitary Relationships with Flow-Through Entities*
Extracted from PDF file 2018-michigan-form-4898.pdf, last modified January 2019
Non-Unitary Relationships with Flow-Through Entities*Attachment 6 Michigan Department of Treasury 4898 (Rev. 03-18), Page 1 2018 Michigan Corporate Income Tax: Non-Unitary Relationships with Flow-Through Entities (To report flow-through entities that are unitary with the taxpayer, see Form 4900) Issued under authority of Public Act 38 of 2011. A Corporate Income Tax (CIT) taxpayer is unitary with a flow-through entity if the CIT taxpayer owns or controls, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of the voting interests of the flow-through entity, and the parties have business activities that satisfy either a flow of value test or a business integration test. Taxpayer Name (If Unitary Business Group, Name of Designated Member) Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN) Unitary Business Groups Only: Name of the Unitary Business Group Member Reporting on This Form Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN) IMPORTANT: If a flow-through entity (FTE) made a Michigan Business Tax (MBT) election and files an MBT return for its tax year that ends with or within the tax year of the CIT taxpayer (or for UBGs, the member) named above, leave Column D and E blank for that FTE. A. Flow-Through Entity Name B. C. D. E. FEIN Distributive Share of Flow-Through Entity Income Flow-Through Entity Apportionment Percentage Apportioned Distributive Share of Flow-Through Entity Income (Loss) If more space is needed, include additional copies of Form 4898. Repeat the taxpayer name and FEIN at the top of every copy. + 0000 2018 26 01 27 9 Instructions for Form 4898 Corporate Income Tax: Non-Unitary Relationships with Flow-Through Entities Purpose The purpose of this form is to gather information on the distributive share of flow-through income (loss) attributable to flow-through entities (FTEs) that are directly or indirectly owned but not unitary for apportionment purposes with the taxpayer, or with the member of a Unitary Business Group (UBG). General Information This form is intended to only be used by a Corporate Income Tax (CIT) taxpayer (or member of a UBG) to report the distributive income (loss) from its interests in FTEs that are not unitary for apportionment purposes with the taxpayer or UBG. This form must be filed by any taxpayer that has a distributive share of income (loss) attributable to an FTE with which the taxpayer is not unitary for apportionment purposes. If the taxpayer is a UBG, then each member of the UBG that has a distributive share of income (loss) from an FTE that the UBG is not unitary with for apportionment purposes must file this form. If more space is needed, use additional copies of Form 4898. Repeat the taxpayer’s and UBG member’s name and Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN) (if applicable) at the top of every copy of Form 4898. Flow-through entity means an entity that for the applicable tax year is treated as a subchapter S Corporation under section 1362(a) of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC), a general partnership, a trust, a limited partnership, a limited liability partnership, or a limited liability company, that for the tax year is not taxed as a C Corporation for federal income tax purposes. A taxpayer is unitary for apportionment purposes with an FTE if the taxpayer: • Owns or controls, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of the ownership interests with voting rights (or ownership interests that confer comparable rights to voting rights) of the FTE; AND • The taxpayer and FTE have activities or operations which result in a flow of value between the taxpayer and the FTE, or between the FTE and another FTE unitary with the taxpayer, or has business activities or operations that are integrated with, are dependant upon, or contribute to each other. The determination of whether a taxpayer is unitary for apportionment purposes with an FTE is made at the taxpayer level. If the taxpayer at issue is a UBG, the ownership requirement will be made at the UBG level. So, if the combined ownership of the FTE by the UBG is greater than 50%, then the ownership requirement will be satisfied. An FTE is not unitary with a taxpayer when either of the tests above is not met. Public Act (PA) 266 of 2013 PA 266 of 2013 authorizes an affiliated group election that applies an alternate test for finding a unitary relationship between corporations. This act DID NOT create a corresponding “affiliated group” test for finding a unitary relationship between a corporation and an FTE. The existence of a unitary relationship between a corporation and an FTE is still based exclusively on the traditional two-part test described above. NOTE: An FTE owned directly or indirectly by a taxpayer or a member of a UBG may or may not be unitary with a taxpayer or UBG member. This form asks for information only about the FTEs that are NOT unitary for apportionment purposes with the taxpayer or UBG member. For those FTEs that are unitary for apportionment purposes with the taxpayer, use the CIT Unitary Relationships with FTEs (Form 4900). Line-by-Line Instructions Lines not listed are explained on the form. Taxpayer Name and Account Number: Enter taxpayer name and account number as reported on page 1 of the CIT Annual Return (Form 4891). Unitary Business Groups (UBGs): Complete one form for each member included in the standard return that received a distributive share of income (loss) from an FTE not unitary for apportionment purposes with the UBG. Enter the Designated Member’s (DM’s) name and FEIN in the Taxpayer Name and FEIN fields and the name and FEIN of the member to which the schedule applies on the line below. Column A and B: Identify each non-unitary FTE by name and FEIN. Column C: To the extent included in federal taxable income and the corporate income tax base before apportionment, enter the distributive share of income (loss) attributable to the nonunitary FTE listed in Columns A and B. Enter loss as negative. A UBG member will enter the amount of distributive income (loss) that the member was distributed from each non-unitary FTE listed in Columns A and B. For each UBG member, the sum of all distributive shares of flow-through income (loss) entered in Column C shall equal the sum of all distributive shares of flow-through income (loss) entered on line 32 of the CIT Data on Unitary Business Group Members (Form 4897). To compute the amount required to be reported in Column C, for each FTE listed in Columns A and B: • Begin with the amount of distributive share of income (loss) included in federal taxable income. • Adjust that amount by amounts attributable to the FTE that are included on the following lines of Form 4891: 13, 14, 15c, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 28, 29, 30, and 31. • Report the result in Column C. Exclusion of MBT Filer Distributive Shares Public Act 233 of 2013 provides that, in the case of an FTE that made the election to remain taxable under the MBT, each member of the FTE that does not file as a member of a 59 UBG with the FTE shall disregard all items attributable to that member’s ownership interest in the electing FTE for all purposes of the CIT. If the taxpayer owns an interest in an FTE that files an MBT return for a tax year that ends with or within this taxpayer’s tax year, the taxpayer’s distributive share of income (loss) from such FTE will be exempt from the taxpayer’s corporate income tax base. Report distributive income (loss) exempt under 2013 PA 233 in column C, then leave Columns D and E blank. Tiered Entities: In the event of a tiered entity, enter in this column the distributive share of income or loss attributable to a non-unitary FTE in which the taxpayer has an indirect ownership interest. When computing the distributive share of income attributable to the non-unitary FTE in which the taxpayer has a direct ownership interest, only enter the direct income of that FTE. This is done by subtracting any income (loss) attributable to the filer’s indirectly owned FTEs from the income (loss) reported here that is attributable to the directly owned FTE. Example: C Corporation 1 owns 50% of FTE B and FTE B owns 40% of FTE A. FTE B received from FTE A a distributive share of income of $20,000. C Corporation 1 received from FTE B a distributive share of income of $100,000. On the line corresponding to FTE A, C Corporation 1 would enter $10,000. This is the indirect distributive share that C Corporation 1 received from FTE A and is calculated by multiplying C Corporation 1’s ownership interest in FTE B by the distributive share FTE B received from FTE A: 50% x $20,000 = $10,000 On the line corresponding to FTE B, C Corporation 1 would enter $90,000. This is the distributive share C Corporation 1 received from FTE B less the distributive share C Corporation 1 received from FTE A: $100,000 - $10,000 = $90,000 NOTE: The sum of the amount in every line on column C (plus, in the case of a UBG, the sum of column C for all other UBG members that filed this form) should equal the amount reported on Form 4891, line 27. Column D: Enter in this column the non-unitary FTE’s apportionment percentage. The non-unitary FTE’s apportionment percentage is the FTE’s sales factor. The sales factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total sales of the FTE in this state during the tax year and the denominator of which is the total sales of the FTE everywhere during the tax year. For more information on what is a sale, see the instructions for Form 4891. Use the information in the “Sourcing of Sales to Michigan” section of Form 4890 to determine Michigan sales. Enter this amount as a percentage, carrying it out 4 digits to the right of the decimal point (i.e. 12.3456). Do not enter the percent symbol (%). For FTEs whose distributive income (loss) is exempt under 2013 PA 233, leave column D blank. Column E: Enter the non-unitary flow-through distributive income after apportionment by multiplying the amount in column C by the apportionment percentage in column D for 60 each FTE included on this form. For FTEs whose distributive income (loss) is exempt under 2013 PA 233, leave column E blank. NOTE: The sum of column E (in the case of a UBG, the sum of column E for all UBG members) should equal the amount reported on Form 4891, line 35. Include completed Form 4898 as part of the tax return filing.
More about the Michigan Form 4898 Corporate Income Tax
We last updated the Non-Unitary Relationships with Flow-Through Entities* in March 2019, and the latest form we have available is for tax year 2018. This means that we don't yet have the updated form for the current tax year. Please check this page regularly, as we will post the updated form as soon as it is released by the Michigan Department of Treasury. You can print other Michigan tax forms here.
Other Michigan Corporate Income Tax Forms:
|Form Code||Form Name|
|Form MI W-4P||Withholding Certificate for Michigan Pension or Annuity Payments|
|Form 4884||Pension Schedule|
|Form 4891||CIT Annual Return|
|Form 4907||Corporate Income Tax (CIT) Forms and Instructions for Financial Institutions (includes Form 4908 and Form 4910)|
|Form 4897||Data on UBG Members*|
Michigan usually releases forms for the current tax year between January and April. We last updated Michigan Form 4898 from the Department of Treasury in March 2019.
About the Corporate Income Tax
The IRS and most states require corporations to file an income tax return, with the exact filing requirements depending on the type of company.
Sole proprietorships or disregarded entities like LLCs are filed on Schedule C (or the state equivalent) of the owner's personal income tax return, flow-through entities like S Corporations or Partnerships are generally required to file an informational return equivilent to the IRS Form 1120S or Form 1065, and full corporations must file the equivalent of federal Form 1120 (and, unlike flow-through corporations, are often subject to a corporate tax liability).
Additional forms are available for a wide variety of specific entities and transactions including fiduciaries, nonprofits, and companies involved in other specific types of business.
Historical Past-Year Versions of Michigan Form 4898
We have a total of six past-year versions of Form 4898 in the TaxFormFinder archives, including for the previous tax year. Download past year versions of this tax form as PDFs here:
4898, 2017 Michigan Corporate Income Tax: Non-Unitary Relationships with Flow-Through Entities
4898, Corporate Income Tax: Non-Unitary Relationships with Flow-Through Entities
While we do our best to keep our list of Michigan Income Tax Forms up to date and complete, we cannot be held liable for errors or omissions. Is the form on this page out-of-date or not working? Please let us know and we will fix it ASAP.