Florida Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax
Extracted from PDF file 2018-florida-form-rt-800002.pdf, last modified April 2018
Employer Guide to Reemployment TaxRT-800002 R. 04/18 Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax Table of Contents Introduction............................................................ 2 Preface ................................................................. 2 Background .......................................................... 2 Classification of Workers ....................................... 2 State Unemployment Tax Act (SUTA) .................... 2 Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA)................. 2 Reporting Wages and Paying Reemployment Taxes ....................................................................................2 General Liability Requirements ............................. 2 Special Liability Requirements for Specific Employer Types ............................................ 2 Nonprofit Employers ............................................. 2 Governmental Entities .......................................... 3 Indian Tribes ............................................................. 3 Reimbursement Option ......................................... 3 Agricultural Employers .......................................... 3 Domestic Employers ............................................. 3 Voluntary Coverage .............................................. 3 Employer-Employee Relationship ......................... 3 Employment Not Covered ..................................... 4 Required Reports................................................... 5 Employer Registration Report ............................... 5 Successions ......................................................... 5 Employee Leasing Companies ............................. 5 Common Paymaster ............................................. 6 Payrolling .............................................................. 6 Power of Attorney ................................................. 6 Reemployment Tax Data Release Agreement (RT-19) ................................................................. 6 Tax and Wage Reporting ....................................... 6 Where to Report Employees ................................. 6 Reciprocal Coverage Agreement (RCA)................ 7 Employer’s Quarterly Report (RT-6) ...................... 7 Taxable Wage Base .............................................. 8 Annual Filing Option ............................................. 9 Reporting Wages ................................................... 9 Taxable Wages ..................................................... 9 Exempt Wages ..................................................... 10 Employer Multi-unit Reports ............................... 10 Reporting Employees Contracted to Governmental or Nonprofit Educational Institutions ................... 10 Reporting Medium............................................... 11 Alternative Forms Reporting ............................... 11 Electronic Reporting and Payment Requirement....................................................... 11 Penalty for Failure to File Electronically .............. 11 Benefits of Filing and Paying Electronically ........ 11 Timely Reporting and Payment .......................... 11 Installment Payment Option ............................... 11 Penalty and Interest Charged for Late Filing and Payment ............................................................ 12 Assessments ..................................................... 12 Liens .................................................................. 12 Tax Rate Consequences .................................... 12 Protest................................................................ 12 Adjusting/Correcting Your Report ....................... 12 New Hire Reporting ............................................ 13 Inactivation of Account ....................................... 13 Termination of Liability ........................................ 13 When to Notify the Department .......................... 13 Tax Audits and Required Employer Records................................................................ 13 Audit Purpose .................................................... 13 Records Required and Examined ....................... 13 Tax Rate ............................................................... 14 Regular .............................................................. 14 Successor Accounts........................................... 15 Mandatory Transfers ............................................ 15 Federal Certification ........................................... 15 Benefits................................................................ 16 How Benefits Are Charged and Their Impact on Employers ......................................... 16 Employer’s Checklist for Compliance................ 16 Glossary .............................................................. 17 Contact Us ........................................................... 18 Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 1 Introduction The Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax contains information employers need to comply with Florida’s Reemployment Assistance Program Law. This guide provides simplified explanations of the taxing procedures of the law. It is not intended to take precedence over the law or rules. Background Every state has an Unemployment Compensation Program. In Florida, legislation passed in 2012 changed the name of Florida’s Unemployment Compensation Law to the Reemployment Assistance Program Law and directed the focus of the program to helping Florida’s job seekers with becoming reemployed. Reemployment benefits provide temporary income payments to make up part of the wages lost by workers who lose their jobs through no fault of their own, and who are able and available for work. It is job insurance paid for through a tax on employee wages. The Reemployment Assistance Program supports reemployment services through local One-Stop Career Centers located throughout the state. The Federal Unemployment Tax Act provides for cooperation between state and federal governments in the establishment and administration of the Reemployment Assistance Program. Under this dual system, the employer pays payroll taxes levied by both the state and federal governments. Classification of Workers Employers must understand how to determine whether a worker is an employee or an independent contractor, so they can correctly include all employees on their Employer’s Quarterly Report (RT-6). One main distinction is that an employee is subject to the will and control of the employer. The employer decides what work the employee will do and how the employee will do it. An officer of a corporation who performs services for the corporation is an employee, regardless of whether the officer receives a salary or other compensation. An independent contractor is not subject to the will and control of the employer. The employer can decide what results are expected from the independent contractor, but cannot control the methods used to accomplish those results. How the worker is treated, not a written contract or issuance of a 1099, determines whether the worker is an employee or an independent contractor. Misclassification of workers is not just a tax reporting issue; it also affects claims for reemployment assistance benefits. If a person files a claim for benefits and the employer has not been including the person on the quarterly report, this can cause a delay in benefit payments. In addition, the intentional misclassification of a worker is a felony. State Unemployment Tax Act (SUTA) All reemployment tax payments are deposited to the Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund for the sole purpose of paying benefits to eligible claimants. The employer pays for this Reemployment Assistance Program as a cost of doing business. Workers do not pay any part of the Florida reemployment tax and employers must not make payroll deductions for this purpose. Employers with stable employment records receive credit in reduced tax rates after a qualifying period. Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) Federal unemployment taxes are deposited to the FUTA Trust Fund and administered by the United States Department of Labor (USDOL) for funding the administrative costs of state reemployment assistance, One-Stop Career Centers, and part of Labor Market Statistics Programs. The USDOL is also charged with monitoring state Reemployment Assistance Programs and can withhold funds from a state if it does not comply with federal standards. Reporting Wages and Paying Reemployment Taxes General Liability Requirements A business is liable for state reemployment tax if, in the current or preceding calendar year, the employer: (1) has paid at least $1,500 in wages in a calendar quarter; or (2) has had at least one employee for any portion of a day in 20 different weeks within the same calendar year; or (3) is liable for the Federal Unemployment Tax as a result of employment in another state. Special Liability Requirements for Specific Employer Types Nonprofit Employers Coverage is extended to employees of nonprofit organizations (such as religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or education groups) that employ four or more workers for any portion of a day in 20 different calendar weeks during the current or preceding calendar year. Exceptions to this coverage include churches and church schools. For purposes of the Florida Reemployment Assistance Program Law, a nonprofit organization is defined in section (s.) 3306(c)(8) of the Federal Unemployment Tax Act and s. 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC). Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 2 Governmental Entities Coverage is also extended to employees of the state of Florida and any city, county, or joint governmental unit. Indian Tribes Coverage is extended to employees for service performed in the employ of an Indian tribe, as defined by s. 3306(u) of the Federal Unemployment Tax Act, provided the service is excluded from employment as defined by that act solely by reason of s. 3306(c)(7) of the act and is not otherwise excluded from employment under the Florida Reemployment Assistance Program Law. For purposes of the Florida Reemployment Assistance Program Law, the exclusions from employment under s. 443.1216(4), Florida Statutes (F.S.), apply to services performed in the employ of an Indian tribe. Reimbursement Option Nonprofit organizations, governmental entities, and Indian tribes, have the option of being taxpaying employers or reimbursing employers. A reimbursing employer is one who must pay the Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund on a dollar-for-dollar basis for the benefits paid to its former employees. Wage reports are submitted each quarter and the reimbursement of benefit charges are paid when billed. The employer choosing the contributing method submits quarterly reports and tax due by applying their tax rate to taxable wages each quarter. Agricultural Employers Agricultural employers who, in the current or preceding year, paid $10,000 in cash wages in a calendar quarter or who employed five or more workers for any portion of a day in 20 different calendar weeks will become liable employers. Employers with a liability under this provision will also need to report any other employees (except domestic workers). The other employees must be reported even if their employment was less than 20 different weeks or the wages paid were less than $1,500 in any one quarter. Domestic Employers Employers of employees who perform domestic services (maids, cooks, maintenance workers, chauffeurs, social secretaries, caretakers, private yacht crews, butlers, and house-parents) who, in the current or prior year, paid $1,000 in wages in any one calendar quarter are liable to report wages and pay reemployment tax. Employers liable under this provision must not report general employees or agricultural employees unless they also establish liability under these other provisions of the law. Likewise, employers liable for their general employment must not report domestic workers or agricultural workers unless they also establish liability in these categories. In making a determination of liability, the wages paid in agricultural employment and in domestic employment must be counted separately from wages paid in other types of employment. The “Coverage Requirements” chart (see page 4) illustrates coverage requirements for four different employers (A, B, C, and D). Columns two, three, and four list employment for each sample employer and the column on the far right lists the coverage (liability) required. Voluntary Coverage Employers who are not otherwise liable under the law may apply for voluntary coverage for their employees. Employers liable for one type of employment (general, for example) may elect to cover their employees in other types of employment (agricultural and/or domestic). Selection of voluntary coverage obligates an employing unit to report wages and pay tax for a minimum of one calendar year. Coverage remains in effect until the employer provides written notice, by April 30th, to terminate coverage for the current year. A form, Voluntary Election to Become an Employer Under the Florida Reemployment Assistance Program Law (RTS-2), for election of coverage may be downloaded from the Department’s website at floridarevenue.com. Employer-Employee Relationship Employment means any service performed by an employee for an employing unit. An employee is an individual as defined under the common law rules for employer-employee relationships. An employee is a person who is subject to the will and control of the employer not only as to what shall be done, but how it shall be done. Any officer of a corporation performing services for the corporation is considered an employee during their tenure of office, regardless of whether compensation is received. Compensation, other than dividends on shares of stock and board of director fees, shall be presumed to be payment for services performed. Any member of a limited liability company classified as a corporation for federal income tax purposes, who performed services for the limited liability company, is an employee of the limited liability company. Sales personnel are generally considered covered employees. The fact that a salesperson working for Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 3 Coverage Requirements Employer Examples Agricultural Employers Domestic Employers General Employers $10,000 payroll in any quarter or $1,000 payroll in any quarter $1,500 payroll in any quarter or 5 employees for 20 weeks within a calendar year Subject to Reemployment Tax 1 employee for 20 weeks within a calendar year Employer A $5,000 payroll & 5 employees for 10 weeks $1,500 payroll $1,000 payroll & 1 employee for 4 weeks Domestic coverage only Employer B $10,000 payroll & 5 employees for 20 weeks $2,000 payroll $1,500 payroll & 1 employee for 15 weeks Agricultural, Domestic, and General coverage Employer C $25,000 payroll & 18 employees for 20 weeks $500 payroll $1,000 payroll & 1 employee for 15 weeks Agricultural coverage which includes the general employee Employer D $5,000 payroll & 2 employees for 10 weeks $200 payroll $10,000 payroll & 4 employees for 10 weeks General coverage only an employer is paid solely by commission does not remove the person from the employer’s direction and control. The law provides specific exemptions for real estate agents, insurance agents, and barbers who are paid solely by commission. If they are paid by salary only or by salary and commission, both are taxable and the exemption does not apply. An employing unit is the person, limited liability company, partnership, corporation, or other legal entity for whom service is performed. Common law recognizes a employer-employee relationship in the exercise of will and control by the employer over the employees. The employer can direct what services will be performed, when, where and how they will be performed, and can set standards for the quality of work to be performed. In agricultural labor, either the farm operator or the crew leader may be considered the employer. An individual must hold a valid certification of registration under the Farm Labor Contractor Registration Act of 1993 to be a crew leader. The crew leader is the employer if he or she (1) provides the crew, (2) supervises the work being performed by the crew, (3) has the right to terminate employment, and (4) is responsible for the payment of wages to the workers. The farm operator is the employer if (1) the individual is an employee of the farm operator under common law rules of employer and employee, or (2) the worker is furnished by the crew leader, but is not treated as an employee of the crew leader, i.e., the crew leader is acting on behalf of the farm operator rather than as an employer, or (3) the crew leader has entered into a written agreement with the farm operator under which the crew leader is designated as an employee of the farm operator. An independent contractor is not subject to the will and control of the employer. The employer does not have the right to control or direct the manner or method of performance, although the results to be accomplished are controlled. Independent contractors hold themselves out to the public as such. Generally, they furnish materials as well as labor and use their own tools in the performance of the work. Services performed by independent contractors cannot be summarily terminated without recourse. A contract for labor only will normally be considered a contract of employment. How the worker is treated, not a written contract, determines employment status. Employment Not Covered Several types of employment are not covered for reemployment assistance purposes and the workers performing these types of employment are not considered in determining an employer’s liability. Some of these exemptions include: • • Services by a sole proprietor or a partner, or a partner or a member of a limited liability company classified for federal income tax purposes as either a partnership or a sole proprietorship. Services by employees of a church, convention, or association of churches; or of organizations operated for religious purposes and which are operated, supervised, controlled, or principally supported by a church, convention, or association of churches. Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 4 • • • • • • • • • • • • Services of a duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed minister of a church in the exercise of the ministry, or by a member of a religious order, in the exercise of duties required by such an order. Services for a school, college, or university, by a student enrolled and attending classes. Services by certain students working for credit on a program combining academic instruction with work experience, such as CBE (Cooperative Business Education) or DCT (Diversified Cooperative Training) students. Services performed for a son, daughter, or spouse (including step relationships); or by children or stepchildren under the age of 21 for their father or mother. When the employing unit is a partnership, an exempt relationship must exist to all partners or there is not an exemption. This exemption does not apply to corporations. Services performed by insurance agents, real estate agents, or barbers when paid solely by commission. Services performed on a fishing vessel that weighs ten net tons or less. Services performed by a student nurse in the employ of a hospital or a nurses training school, by an intern in the employ of a hospital, or by a hospital patient. Services in a rehabilitation facility for the mentally handicapped, or physically handicapped or injured, by persons receiving such rehabilitative service. Services by persons under age 18 in the delivery or distribution of newspapers. Services performed by nonresident aliens, who are temporarily present in the United States as non-immigrants under subparagraph (F) or (J) of s. 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act. Services performed by aliens in agricultural labor, who have entered the United States pursuant to ss. 214(c) and 101(a)(15)(H) of the Immigration and Nationality Act. Services performed for the government by elected officials; by members of the legislature; by members of the judiciary; by those serving on a temporary basis in cases of fire, storm, snow, earthquake, flood, or similar emergencies; or by those serving in an advisory capacity. • • • • • Services by direct sellers who are contracted to sell or solicit consumer goods to homes or any place other than a permanent retail establishment and whose substantial remuneration is directly related to sales. Services performed by speech, occupational, and physical therapists who are non-salaried and working pursuant to a written contract with a home health agency as defined in s. 400.462, F.S. Services performed by a driver for a private delivery or messenger service if the driver pays all expenses, owns the vehicle and pays all operating costs, is paid by delivery or on commission, is free to accept or reject jobs, determines routes and methods of performance, and has a contract stating the driver is an independent contractor. Services performed by inmates of a penal institution. Services performed by election officials or election workers who are paid less than $1,000 in a calendar year. Required Reports Employer Registration Report A new business is required to report its initial employment in the month following the calendar quarter in which employment begins; however, submission of quarterly reports alone is not sufficient to register as an employer. A Florida Business Tax Application (DR-1) must be completed to provide the necessary information to determine if the employer is liable for the payment of reemployment tax as provided by law. Enrollment can be completed online at floridarevenue.com. When an employer is determined to be subject to reemployment tax, a seven-digit account number will be assigned, such as 1234567. This account number should appear on all letters, checks, and reports sent to the Department. Successions There are special requirements for successor accounts. See “Successor Accounts” under the “Tax Rate” section in this guide. Employee Leasing Companies An employee leasing company (ELC) maintains the records required by reemployment assistance program law for its client companies. The ELC must be licensed by the Department of Business Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 5 and Professional Regulation. The client companies contract with the ELC to provide workers to perform services for the client. The leased employees are placed on the ELC’s payroll on behalf of the client company, and therefore the ELC is considered the employer of record for the leased employees. The leasing company must notify DOR within 30 days of the initiation or termination of the company’s relationship with the client company. Employee leasing companies must provide a multiple work site report each quarter that includes information for each client establishment and each leasing company establishment. These reports must be filed electronically with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. For additional information regarding the multiple work site report, the leasing company may contact the Department of Economic Opportunity, Labor Market Statistics, 107 East Madison Street, MSC G-020, Tallahassee, FL 32399-0411. ELCs have the option to file and pay reemployment tax by the client’s tax rate which is based upon the wage and benefit history the client has earned under the ELC. If the client has no wage and benefit history under the ELC, the client will have the initial rate of .0270. A separate reemployment tax account number will be assigned by the Department of Revenue under the FEIN of the ELC for each client company. This option must be elected by a newly licensed ELC within 30 days after the license is issued pursuant to part XI of Chapter 468, F.S. Additional information about this filing option can be found in s. 443.1216(1)(a), F.S. Common Paymaster Related corporations with employees performing services simultaneously for the related corporations may apply to DOR for authorization to utilize a common paymaster arrangement. This allows one of the related corporations to report and pay reemployment tax rather than each corporation reporting separately for the period of concurrent employment. Form RTS-70 for common paymaster reporting must be received by DOR prior to the first day of the quarter in which common paymaster status is requested. Once the application is approved, the common paymaster must submit a Quarterly Common Paymaster Concurrent Employment Report (RTS-71), along with the quarterly report. Failure to do so will result in the related corporations being denied common paymaster status for that calendar quarter. The related corporations must meet certain criteria before common paymaster reporting and paying can be considered. Payrolling Payrolling is an agreement between employers whereby payrolls for two or more employers are consolidated, usually for tax purposes, with one employer reporting the employees of the other(s). Payrolling is not permitted; each employer must file a Florida Business Tax Application (DR-1), and report its own employees. Power of Attorney (POA) A completed Power of Attorney (DR-835), is necessary for an employer’s agent or representative to receive confidential information and to act on behalf of the employer about matters concerning the Florida Reemployment Assistance Program. The POA must be completed in its entirety and must contain the original signature of the employer as well as the date signed. This form can be downloaded from the Department’s website under Forms and Publications. Submission of a POA does not constitute an address change. A change of mailing address should be requested by separate written documentation. Reemployment Tax Data Release Agreement (RT-19) The RT-19 is an agreement between DOR and an employer representative, who represents 100 or more employers, which allows the representative to receive confidential tax information from DOR. Under the Agreement the representative certifies that it has on file a current DR-835 from the employer authorizing DOR to release the requested information to the representative, that the representative will restrict access to the confidential reemployment tax information to specifically authorized personnel and that the representative will notify DOR by electronic means within 30 days when the representative no longer represents the employer. Tax and Wage Reporting Where to Report Employees If the employer has employees working in more than one state, it may be necessary to register as an employer with another state’s employment security agency. There are four tests to determine to which state an employee should be reported: 1. Localization of Services. 2. Base of Operations. 3. Place of Direction or Control. 4. Residence. Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 6 1. Localization of Services - If all services are performed in Florida, the employee should be reported to Florida. If a majority of the employee’s time is for services in Florida, with only occasional or short-term duty in another state, wages should be reported to Florida. Only when services are balanced between two or more states is any other test necessary. 2. Base of Operations - The base of operations is the fixed place or center from which the employee works. The employee would return there to replenish stock, receive employer instructions, receive mail or telephone messages from customers, repair equipment, etc. For example, if services are performed in Florida, Alabama, and Georgia, and the employee’s base of operations is in Florida, wages are reportable to Florida. If no services are performed in the state housing the base of operations, the state from which services are directed or controlled should be considered the base of operations. 3. Place of Direction or Control - The place of direction or control is the state from which the employer’s authority is exercised. The company headquarters usually exercises this control rather than a direct supervisor or a foreman stationed in the field. If employer control is from the Florida headquarters, and service is performed only in Florida and Georgia, the employee is reported to Florida, although there is a base of operations or residence in Alabama. If control is from Alabama, and service is in Florida, Georgia, and Tennessee, and there is no base of operations, then the employee’s residence test should be used. 4. Residence - The residence is where the employee refers to as “home,” where the employee actually lives and is registered to vote. For instance, the employee would be reportable to Florida if the place of residence is Florida and services are not performed in Alabama, where the employer is headquartered. Reciprocal Coverage Agreement (RCA) The RCA permits an employer to report all of the services of a worker who customarily performs services on a continuing basis in more than one state, to one selected state. An election to do so may be filed with any jurisdiction (state) in which: • any part of the individual’s services are performed; or • the worker resides; or • the employer maintains a place of business to which the worker’s services bear a reasonable relation. RCA forms must be initiated by the employer in the state that the employer has selected as the reporting state. If approval is granted by the state of origination, the forms will then be sent to all of the jurisdictions (states) named for their approval. The election will become effective if the originating state and one or more of the named states approve it. In cases where an election is only approved in part, the employer may withdraw the request within ten (10) days of being notified. This type of election is only applicable to the individuals named in the agreement. The Department must be notified of all individual changes and new approvals negotiated. Reciprocal Coverage Agreements are never made as blanket approval. The agreement may be terminated if the Department discovers there has been a substantial change in the employer’s operations or in the actual employees now serving the employer as multi-state workers. An employer who has employees in other states and does not meet the requirements to establish an RCA will be required to report these employees to the other states. Employer’s Quarterly Report (RT-6) Every quarter a preprinted Employer’s Quarterly Report (RT-6) is mailed to each liable employer who does not file and pay electronically. Employers with individuals who perform domestic service and who are approved to file annually, are mailed an Employer’s Reemployment Tax Annual Report for RT- 6 Calendar Quarter Due No Later Than January 1 - March 31 April 30 April 1 - June 30 July 31 July 1 - September 30 October 31 October 1 - December 31 January 31 Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 7 Employers of Domestic Employees Only (RT-7) in December of each year. Failure to receive this reporting form does not relieve employers of their filing responsibility. If you do not receive the form, you may obtain one from the Department’s website at floridarevenue.com/forms. Contact information is listed at the end of this guide. The Employer’s Quarterly Report must be submitted by the end of the month following the calendar quarter for which the report is due. The Reemployment Tax Annual Report for Employers of Domestic Employees Only (RT-7) is due January 1 and late after January 31 each year. Payments made by Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) or on the Internet must be initiated by 5:00 p.m., ET, on the business day prior to the payment due date to be considered timely. If a tax due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the taxpayer should initiate the electronic payment transaction no later than 5:00 p.m., ET, on the preceding business day. If the date on which the taxpayer is required to initiate an electronic payment transaction falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the taxpayer must initiate the transaction on the preceding business day. A calendar of all electronic payment due dates (DR659) is posted on the Department’s website. The TAX portion of the quarterly report is a summary of the wage detail data and used in the computation of tax owed by the employer. This information includes gross wages paid for covered employment, wages in excess of the taxable limit, and taxable wages. Some information requested on the tax portion is required by the federal government and is used for statistical purposes, such as the number of all full-time and part-time covered workers who performed services during or received pay for the payroll period including the 12th of the month. The WAGE portion is used to calculate taxable wages and determine eligibility for reemployment assistance benefits. The employer must list the name, social security number, gross and taxable wages for all employees. Employee information is maintained in the wage record file and is used in the event a claim for benefits is filed. • Social Security Numbers - Incorrect or missing social security numbers prevent wage credits to an individual, or could result in payment of benefits to an individual who does not meet the reemployment assistance • eligibility requirements. In addition, a penalty of up to $300 may be imposed for any quarterly report filed with incorrect or missing social security numbers. Note: Social security numbers (SSNs) are used by the Florida Department of Revenue as unique identifiers for the administration of Florida’s taxes. SSNs obtained for tax administration purposes are confidential under ss. 213.053 and 119.071, F.S., and not subject to disclosure as public records. Collection of your SSN is authorized under state and federal law. Visit the Department’s website at floridarevenue.com and select “Privacy Notice” for more information regarding the state and federal law governing the collection, use, or release of SSNs, including authorized exceptions. Total Wages Paid - All compensation or payment for employment, including commissions, bonuses, back pay awards, and the cash value of all compensation paid in any medium other than cash must be reported. Total wages for the period must be reported in the period in which they were paid, not the period in which they were earned. The amount of benefits available to an eligible claimant is based on total wages paid. Employers Must Submit a Report Every Quarter Regardless of Employment Activity. An employer may not have to pay tax for a particular quarter because there were no employees or all wages were excess wages. Even though no tax is due, a report must be filed and the penalty provisions of the law apply if the report is filed late. Taxable Wage Base Beginning January 1, 2015, the taxable wage base in Florida is the first $7,000 in wages paid to each employee during a calendar year. If an employee works for two or more employers, effective January 1, 2015, each of the employers is required to pay tax on the first $7,000 of wages paid without regard to earnings with any other employer. However, when a business is transferred, the successor employer may count wages paid to an employee by the predecessor employer for purposes of determining the taxable wage base, whether or not a transfer of experience rating record is elected. Example: An employer buys a business April 1st. One of the employees has been paid $5,000 in the first quarter and will earn $5,000 in the second Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 8 quarter. The successor can count the $5,000 in the first quarter in determining the taxable wage base. Therefore, the successor will only have to pay reemployment tax on $2,000 for the second quarter. On occasion, multi-state employers will have employees who perform services in another state and then transfer to Florida. The employer can take credit for wages reported to another state up to $7,000, when calculating taxable wages reportable to Florida. Example: An employee earns $5,000 in the first quarter in the state of New York and then is transferred to Florida. While in Florida, the employee earns $4,000 in the second quarter. As the employer has already paid tax on wages of $5,000 to New York, the tax payment to Florida would be based on wages of $2,000, with the balance being excess wages. Use the Employer’s Quarterly Report for Out-of-State Wages (RT-6NF) to report out-of-state wages. Annual Filing Option Employers of employees performing domestic services have the option to elect to report wages and pay tax annually, with a due date of January 1 and a delinquency date of February 1. In order to qualify for this election, the employer must employ only employees who perform domestic services, be eligible for a variation from the standard rate, and apply for this program no later than December 1 of the preceding calendar year. Reporting Wages As a general rule, if the work promotes, advances, or aids the employer’s trade or business and is not performed by a recognized independent contractor, the services are considered to be covered employment and the wages are taxable regardless of the amount of time employed and/or the amount of earnings. Casual labor is work performed that is not in the course of the employer’s regular trade or business and is occasional, incidental, or irregular. Casual labor should not be confused with temporary or part-time employment. Temporary or part-time employment is taxable, whereas casual labor is not. A corporation cannot have casual labor since all activities for a corporation must be in the course of the corporation’s regular trade or business. When determining whether or not payments constitute wages, and are reportable for reemployment tax purposes, the common law rules applicable in determining the “employer-employee relationship” apply. Taxable Wages • Commissions are taxable, except real estate agents, insurance agents, and barbers paid solely by commission. If paid by salary only, or by salary and commission, both are taxable and the exemption does not apply. • Bonuses. • Back pay awards. • Cash value of all remuneration paid in any medium other than cash. • Corporate officers’ wages - compensation other than dividends on shares of stock and board of director fees is presumed payment for services performed. • Wages of shareholder-employee of S corporation - Also, all or part of the distribution of income paid to a shareholderemployee who is active in the business and performing services for the business may be considered wages. • Tips, if received while performing services which constitute employment and are included in a written statement furnished to the employer, pursuant to s. 6053(a), Internal Revenue Code (IRC). • Cash value of vacation facilities, club memberships, and tickets to events. • Financial planning assistance and retirement counseling fees. • Nonqualified stock bonus incentive plan contributions made by the employer. • Awards, gifts, and prizes over $25. • Interest from below market interest rate loans. • Excess employee discounts. • Cash value of meals and lodgings not for the employer’s convenience. • Cash value of prepaid group legal services. • Golden parachute payments. • After-death payments for wages earned prior to death. • Cash value of automobile for personal use. • Cash value of air transportation for personal use. • Wages of children or stepchildren working for a corporation. • Wages of children or stepchildren working Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 9 • • • for a sole proprietor or partnership where no exempt relationship exists. Wages paid for temporary or part-time work. Wages paid for services performed outside the United States (except in Canada) by a citizen of the U.S. in the employ of an American employer, should be reported as employment wages if the employer’s business or employee’s residence is in the U.S. Wages paid for services performed in the employ of an Indian tribe. Exempt Wages • Wages paid to employees of a church, convention, or association of churches. • Wages paid to employees of an organization operated for religious purposes, and which is operated, supervised, controlled, or principally supported by a church, convention, or association of churches. • Wages paid to a duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed minister of a church, in the exercise of the ministry, or by a member of a religious order, in the exercise of duties required by such an order. • Wages paid for services at a school, college, or university, by a student enrolled and attending classes there. • Wages paid to students working for credit in a program combining academic instruction with work experience, such as Cooperative Business Education (CBE) or Diversified Cooperative Training (DCT). • Services performed for a son, daughter, or spouse (including step relationships); or by children or stepchildren under the age of 21 for their father or mother. When the employing unit is a partnership, an exempt relationship must extend to all partners for the exemption to apply. This exemption does not apply to corporations. • Cafeteria Plan payments if they are not reportable to the Internal Revenue Service. • Educational payments paid to, or on behalf of, an employee if the employer will be able to exclude such payments from income under s. 127, IRC. Employer Multi-unit Reports If an employer conducts business in more than one location in Florida, completion of a Multiple Worksite Report (BLS-3020) will be required on a quarterly basis. This form must be mailed separately from the Employer’s Quarterly Report. This form lists work-site specific name and address information for each unit on file. The employer must provide the number of covered workers each month and the total quarterly wages for each work site. The totals on the Multiple Work-site Report must agree with totals reported on the Employer’s Quarterly Report. If work sites are acquired or sold, this should be noted in the comment section. Any missing name and address information should be completed by the employer. The employment and wage figures provided on these reports are the primary sources for Florida’s Labor Market Statistical Programs. The Office of Labor Market Statistics is then able to provide data on the average annual employment and wages in various industries and occupations. Florida’s Workers’ Compensation Program uses average annual wages to determine maximum benefit amounts. The labor market data is also used for determining education, employment, and training choices. Federal and state funds are allocated to workforce development programs based on the data. Therefore, it is important that all employers, including multiple units, have the most accurate industry codes. A complete description of the nature of the business should be provided on the Florida Business Tax Application (DR-1). Reporting Employees Contracted to Governmental or Nonprofit Educational Institutions Private employers with a contract to provide services to a governmental or nonprofit educational institution must separately identify the wages paid to employees who performed such services by submitting a Quarterly Report for Employees Contracted to Governmental or Nonprofit Educational Institutions (RT-6EW). This form, which must be filed in addition to the Employer’s Quarterly Report, is available on the Department’s website at floridarevenue.com. The RT-6EW separately identifies the wages paid to the individuals performing the services for the educational institution. Employees whose wages are identified as being paid for this type of service may be ineligible to receive reemployment assistance benefits based on these wages between academic years and during vacation periods or holiday recess, when the employees have reasonable assurance of performing services during the next school term or upon completion of the vacation period. Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 10 Reporting Medium Alternative Forms Reporting Alternative forms reporting is when an employer uses a software reproduction of a tax form. Employer representatives often use software packages to create these required reports. Representatives purchasing software packages from approved vendors do not need prior approval to submit reports. However, those representatives creating their own software will need to obtain approval from the alternative forms coordinator prior to submitting forms. Information on alternative forms reporting can be obtained from the Department’s website at floridarevenue.com. You can do a search for “alternative forms.” Electronic Reporting and Payment Requirement Employers are required to file their current year RT-6 reports and pay tax electronically if they employed 10 or more employees in any quarter during the most recent state fiscal year (July through June). In addition, any agent who prepared and filed RT-6 reports for one hundred or more employers in any quarter during the most recent state fiscal year (July through June), must also file current year reemployment tax electronically. To help taxpayers comply with the law, the Department offers Internet filing options that are safe, convenient, and free. Before you file and pay by electronic means, complete an online Enrollment/ Authorization for e-Services Program (DR-600) on the Department’s website. Penalty for Failure to File Electronically For employers who are required to file by electronic means, failure to do so will result in a penalty of $50 per report and $1 for each employee. The penalty for failing to submit payments by electronic means is $50 per remittance submission. Benefits of Filing and Paying Electronically The electronic file and pay option is available to all taxpayers, not just those taxpayers who are required to file and pay online. By submitting Employer’s Quarterly Reports (RT-6) and reemployment tax payments online, employers will enjoy these benefits: • Easy information retrieval. Our system automatically populates your report with a list of employees. You just update the list each quarter. • Fewer mistakes. You simply enter each employee’s total wages for the quarter and the system computes the tax for you. This reduces the chance of you receiving a bill due to a calculation error. • File early, pay on the due date. You can submit your electronic report and schedule the payment before the due date. We will not withdraw the funds from your bank account until the date you specified. • Due date reminders. Before each due date, the Department will send you an email reminder. • Immediate confirmation. You may print the confirmation as proof of filing timely. • Security and privacy. Information sent through the Department’s website is encrypted and secure. • View your tax rate. Tax rates are available online. Timely Reporting and Payment Correct payment and timely filing of reports will reduce costs. One of the most important ways to save money is to receive credit for timely reporting of taxable wages. Wages which have been reported timely are used in the computation of an employer’s tax rate. The more taxable wage credits the employer has, the lower the benefit ratio used in the tax rate computation. The timely reported wage credits are divided into the benefits charged to an employer’s account over a prior three-year period. The employer has the sole responsibility of determining whether credit is received for taxable wages by filing reports in a timely manner. Employers with timely payments will also receive credit against FUTA taxes (see Federal Certification paragraph on page 15). Installment Payment Option Employers who file and pay timely are eligible to pay reemployment tax in installments, as long as that tax is due in one of the first three quarters of the calendar year. When choosing the installment payment option on the Employer’s Quarterly Report (RT-6), a $5.00 installment fee is required one time per calendar year and must be paid with the wage data and first installment payment for the quarter in which the installment election is made. For more information, please see page 12 of this guide for an installment chart and visit the Department’s website at floridarevenue.com/taxes/ taxesfees and select “Reemployment (Unemployment),” then select “Reporting Wages.” Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 11 Installment Payment Chart 1st Quarter (ends Mar. 31) 4 equal payments 2nd Quarter (ends June 30) 3 equal payments 3rd quarter (ends Sept. 30) 2 equal payments 4th quarter (ends Dec. 31) Not affected. Pay in full. Pay by Pay by Pay by Pay by Pay by Apr. 30 July 31 Oct. 31 Dec. 31 Jan. 31 1/4 of total amount 1/4 of total amount 1/4 of total amount 1/4 of total amount 1/3 of total amount 1/3 of total amount 1/3 of total amount 1/2 of total amount 1/2 of total amount Penalty and Interest Charged for Late Filing and Payment Timely reporting will avoid charges for late reports and payments. If reemployment tax is not paid on or before the due date, interest will be charged on the full amount of tax due. Failure to file RT-6 reports timely will result in a penalty charge of $25 for each 30 days, or fraction thereof, that the report is late. Assessments Failure to submit a report after being given reasonable opportunity to do so will result in an assessment of tax due. The Department will determine, based on the employer’s tax history and other available information, how much tax the employer is assessed for the quarter. Liens Unpaid tax, interest, penalty, or fees may cause a lien to be placed against the employer’s real and personal property. Tax Rate Consequences Although penalties are assessed for late submission of reports, these penalties are small compared to failing to receive credit for taxable payrolls for tax rate purposes. It is very important to submit reports and tax payments timely. Completed quarterly reports must be submitted even if no tax is due. Total amount Protest If an employer protests liability under the reemployment assistance program law or protests the tax rate assigned, the employer must file reports and pay taxes at the assigned tax rate pending a hearing on the protest. If the protest is ruled in the employer’s favor, an adjustment or refund will be granted by the Department for applicable taxes paid. Adjusting/Correcting Your Report Adjustments or corrections to quarterly reports that have been filed with the Department can be made online by going to floridarevenue.com/ dor/eservices/filepay.html or by submitting a Correction to Employer’s Quarterly Report (RT-8A). The correct information must state the reasons for such adjustments, i.e., incorrect gross wages or the employee should have been reported to another state. If the employer did not file any employment reports, he or she must submit RT-6 reports and pay tax and interest going back to the date of employment of the worker(s). The Department can require the employer to file returns as far back as five years. The Department can also require the employer to file corrected returns as far back as five years. When employment information or wages are omitted, the Department will send a request to the employer to get the missing information. It is to the employer’s Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 12 advantage to reply immediately, otherwise, penalties may be charged and incorrect or incomplete information could be processed to the employer’s account. • Incorporation change (such as S Corp to C Corp). • Involuntary dissolution by the Secretary of State. New Hire Reporting All employers, regardless of size, are required to report all new hires or rehires within 20 days of an employee’s hire date. For information on new hire reporting, visit the Department’s website at newhire.floridarevenue.com or call 888-854-4791 or 850-656-3343. The toll free fax number for new hire reporting is 888-854-4762 or 850-656-0528 for local calls. • Legal entity change (such as partnership to corporation). • Location changes (new ones added or old ones deleted). • Partner or partnership change. • Sell all or part of a business. • Trade name change. • Bankruptcy - A copy of the Petition Notice issued by the court should be mailed to the Department of Revenue, Bankruptcy Section, PO Box 6668, Tallahassee, FL 32314-6668. • Authorization for Common Paymaster – Notify the Department on the Application for Common Paymaster (RTS-70). • Power of Attorney - Notify the Department on the Power of Attorney and Declaration of Representative (DR-835). • Purchase all or part of a business - Notify the Department on the Report to Determine Succession and Application for Transfer of Experience Rating Records (RTS-1S). Inactivation of Account An employer’s account is made inactive when the employer ceases to have payroll and notifies the Department of the date this occurred. The account will automatically be inactivated if RT-6 employment reports are submitted with zero gross wages for eight consecutive calendar quarters. If an account is inactive and employment resumes, the Department must be notified, wages paid must be reported, and taxes must be paid. A Florida Business Tax Application (DR-1), must be completed in order to reopen the account or to have a new account number assigned if the previously assigned number is not available. Termination of Liability Termination of liability is not the same as inactivating an account. An employer’s account is eligible for termination if the liability requirements have not been met for an entire calendar year. In this instance, application for termination of liability must be submitted no later than April 30 of the following year in order to be considered timely. Once an account is officially terminated, liability must be reestablished as described in this guide. Employers are responsible for submitting reports until they are officially notified that liability has been terminated. When to Notify the Department Submit an Employer Account Change Form (RTS-3), or make the change on the Department’s website, if one or more of the following business activities occur: (Some may also require submission of a DR-1). • Location or mailing address change. • Ceasing employment. • Closing the business. • Use of an employee leasing firm. • Add or change a business federal employer identification number (FEIN). • Inactivating the business. • Incorporating the business (including professional associations). Tax Audits and Required Employer Records Audit Purpose Tax auditors regularly carry out complete payroll audits of employers’ books and records. The auditors use generally accepted auditing standards and procedures, covering a specified period of time during which an employer is liable for reporting under the law or is found to be liable as a result of the audit. A well-planned and cost-effective field audit program is an efficient means of ensuring compliance with state reemployment tax laws and timely collection of taxes on an equitable basis. Records Required and Examined The reemployment assistance program law requires the records of an employing unit be open for inspection by the Department at any reasonable hour when the firm’s business is normally conducted. The employer must maintain true and accurate work records for a period of five calendar years. If the employment records are not kept in Florida, the employer must designate a resident agent in Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 13 Florida through whom such records may be obtained upon request. Failure to produce all requested work records will result in the loss of an employer’s earned tax rate and the assignment of the standard rate (5.4%) until the quarter after production of the records. The Florida Administrative Code outlines the specific information an employer is required to maintain in the payroll records. The types of records needed for an audit may include, but are not limited to: time cards, individual earnings records, check registers, check stubs, canceled checks, cash disbursement journals, payroll ledgers, payroll summaries, petty cash, work orders/invoices, master vendor files, general journals, general ledgers, income statements, balance sheets, RT-6s (SUTA), Form 940 (FUTA), Forms 941, 942, 943 (as applicable), Forms W-2 and W-3, Forms 1099 and 1096, Schedule C (sole proprietor), Form 1065 (partnership), partnership agreements, Form 1120 and all attachments (C Corporation), Form 1120S and all attachments (S Corporation), corporate charters, independent contractor agreements, and charts of accounts. An employing unit may be held liable as an employer regardless of the number of workers employed. Adequate payroll records will reveal whether the employer has or has not met liability criteria for the payment of reemployment taxes. Tax Rate Regular The method of determining varying tax rates assigned to taxpaying employers is referred to as “experience rating.” Under the reemployment assistance program law, an employer’s experience rate is based on the employer’s own employment records in relation to the employment records of all other employers. The purpose of the experience rating provision is to keep the Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund at a stabilized percentage of the taxable payrolls reported by all employers. The experience rating provision also helps make sure employers pay their fair share based on their own experience rating. Variable adjustment factors and constant adjustment factors are computed yearly. These factors are used to help compensate the trust fund for the benefits paid to eligible claimants who worked for employers whose taxes were less than the amount of benefits paid, and benefit payments which are not chargeable to any employer’s account. These charges are distributed to all rated employer accounts. Once rated, an employer’s tax rate may vary each year according to their employment experience. The tax rate can vary from the maximum of 5.4 percent (.0540) to the minimum rate which varies every year based on the adjustment factors, but can never be lower than .1 percent (.0010). Employers participating in an approved Short-Time Compensation Plan are subject to a rate of 1.0 percent (.01) above the current maximum rate. Even though an employer may no longer be participating in the program, all benefits charged as a result of Short-Time Compensation will be used in the tax rate computation. Economic conditions resulting in abnormally high unemployment accompanied by high benefit charges cause a severe drain on the Unemployment Compensation Trust Fund. The effect is an increase in the adjustment factors, which in turn increases tax rates for all rated employers. Conversely, when unemployment is low, the adjustment factors decrease and tax rates for rated employers are reduced accordingly. When an employer first becomes liable for the payment of reemployment taxes, the beginning tax rate is 2.7 percent (.0270) until the employer has reported for approximately ten quarters, depending on the quarter of the year the employer established liability. The account will then be rated by dividing the benefits charged to the account by the taxable payroll on which wages were reported by the end of the quarter preceding the quarter in which the tax rate is to be computed. Once an account has completed the required quarters of reporting, it will then be considered for an experience rate at the beginning of each calendar year thereafter. The payroll used in annual rate computations may vary from seven to twelve calendar quarters. The tax rate is computed using the sum of three factors: • Benefit ratio. • Variable adjustment factor. • Final adjustment factor. To obtain the variable adjustment factor, the benefit ratio is multiplied by a common multiplier, which varies from year to year. The final adjustment factor, which also varies from year to year, is the same for all employers and ultimately determines the minimum rate for the year. Reemployment Tax Rate Notices (RT-20) are mailed to employers immediately prior to the new tax rate effective date. A protest of the assigned tax rate must be in writing, within 20 days from the date the Reemployment Tax Rate Notice is mailed. Department of Revenue, Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax, Page 14 Any employer who has been billed for an outstanding tax debt for one year or longer, will be assigned the penalty tax rate of 5.4 percent (.0540) unless payment is received prior to the effective date of the new tax rate. Employers are notified of any outstanding tax debt by mail, with a reemployment tax Summary of Amount Past Due (RT-27). Employers can view their tax rate by logging into their account at floridarevenue.com/dor/ eservices/filepay.html. Successor Accounts Any individual, partnership, or corporation, which becomes an employer by succession, has the option of transferring the predecessor’s tax rate or taking the initial rate of 2.7 percent (.0270). If the new owner becomes liable by succession and elects to transfer the predecessor’s tax rate, a Report to Determine Succession and Application for Transfer of Experience Rating Records (RTS-1S) must be signed and returned within 30 days from the date the notification of option is mailed to the successor or the transfer will be denied. The form must have the signature of the owner or a corporate officer. In order to qualify for a tax rate transfer, the successor employer must have notified the Department of the acquisition within 90 days of the date the succession began, otherwise, the transfer will be denied. If the new owner is already liable, and elects to transfer the predecessor’s tax rate history, the RTS-1S must be signed, as stated above, and returned within 30 days from the date the notification of option is mailed to the successor. A tax rate will be computed based on the combined employer histories. If the form is not returned within 30 days, the transfer of records will be denied. If the successor does not elect the transfer, the new owner’s existing tax rate will apply. Any successor employer requesting transfer of experience rating records of the predecessor must submit payment, by certified funds, for any debt owed by the predecessor, if any, within 30 days of the mailing date of the notice listing the total amount due or the transfer will be denied. Also, the successor’s account will be charged with any benefits paid to the individuals who were former employees of the predecessor. These charges will be used in future tax rate computations. If the new owner acquires only a portion of the predecessor’s business, the successor is entitled to the experience rating records of that particular unit if qualifying conditions are met. In order to qualify for partial transfer, the successor employer must have notified the Department of the acquisition, otherwise, the transfer will be denied. A partial rate transfer may be granted if the RTS-1S is signed by both parties consenting to the rate transfer and all requested information is provided. Form RTS-1S will require the total number of predecessor employees before the transfer, the number of employees in the identifiable and separate unit transferred, and the date the transferred unit began employment while operated by the predecessor. The partial transfer form must be returned within 30 days from the date the notification of option is mailed to the successor. If the form is determined to be late, the transfer will be denied. When an employer buys an additional unit of business from another liable employer, the purchaser must submit a Florida Business Tax Application (DR-1), marked “AMENDED” to provide additional information concerning the purchase. A company reporting several units of business must advise the Department if any of the units are sold. The names and addresses of the new owners as well as the dates of sale are required. This information may be submitted by a detailed letter or in a Report to Determine Succession and Application for Transfer of Experience Rating Records (RTS-1S). Before buying an existing business, a purchaser should ask the seller for documentation of any tax, (including, but not limited to, reemployment tax), penalty, or interest due to the Department of Revenue, since a purchaser could be liable for any tax, penalty and interest owed by the seller in accordance with s. 213.758, F.S. The purchaser can then withhold enough of the purchase mo
RT-800002 R. 08-17.indd
More about the Florida Form RT-800002 Corporate Income Tax TY 2018
We last updated the Employer Guide to Reemployment Tax in February 2019, so this is the latest version of Form RT-800002, fully updated for tax year 2018. You can download or print current or past-year PDFs of Form RT-800002 directly from TaxFormFinder. You can print other Florida tax forms here.
Other Florida Corporate Income Tax Forms:
|Form Code||Form Name|
|Form RT-6||Employer's Quarterly Report with Payment Coupon|
|Form F-1120||Florida Corporate Income/Franchise Tax Return|
|Form F-1120N||Instructions for Preparing Form F-1120|
|Form RT-6N||Employer's Quarterly Report Instructions for the RT-6 and RT-6A R.12/15|
|Form F-7004||Tentative Income/Franchise Tax Return and Application for Extension of Time to File Return R.01/15|
Florida usually releases forms for the current tax year between January and April. We last updated Florida Form RT-800002 from the Department of Revenue in February 2019.
About the Corporate Income Tax
The IRS and most states require corporations to file an income tax return, with the exact filing requirements depending on the type of company.
Sole proprietorships or disregarded entities like LLCs are filed on Schedule C (or the state equivalent) of the owner's personal income tax return, flow-through entities like S Corporations or Partnerships are generally required to file an informational return equivilent to the IRS Form 1120S or Form 1065, and full corporations must file the equivalent of federal Form 1120 (and, unlike flow-through corporations, are often subject to a corporate tax liability).
Additional forms are available for a wide variety of specific entities and transactions including fiduciaries, nonprofits, and companies involved in other specific types of business.
Historical Past-Year Versions of Florida Form RT-800002
We have a total of four past-year versions of Form RT-800002 in the TaxFormFinder archives, including for the previous tax year. Download past year versions of this tax form as PDFs here:
RT-800002 R. 08-17.indd
RT-800002 R. 08-17.indd
While we do our best to keep our list of Florida Income Tax Forms up to date and complete, we cannot be held liable for errors or omissions. Is the form on this page out-of-date or not working? Please let us know and we will fix it ASAP.