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Federal Free Printable 2019 General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 for 2019 Federal Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3, Wage and Tax Statement and Transmittal of Wage and Tax Statements

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Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3, Wage and Tax Statement and Transmittal of Wage and Tax Statements
2019 General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3

2019 Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (Including Forms W-2AS, W-2CM, W-2GU, W-2VI, W-3SS, W-2c, and W-3c) Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code unless otherwise noted. Contents Future Developments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . What's New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reminders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Need Help? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . How To Get Forms and Publications . . . . . . . . Common Errors on Forms W-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 . . Special Reporting Situations for Form W-2 . . . . Penalties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Specific Instructions for Form W-2 . . . . . . . . . . Specific Instructions for Form W-3 . . . . . . . . . . General Instructions for Forms W-2c and W-3c . Special Situations for Forms W-2c and W-3c . . Specific Instructions for Form W-2c . . . . . . . . . Specific Instructions for Form W-3c . . . . . . . . . Form W-2 Reference Guide for Box 12 Codes . Form W-2 Box 13 Retirement Plan Checkbox Decision Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Reporting Example Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Future Developments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page .. 1 .. 1 .. 1 .. 4 .. 4 .. 4 .. 5 .. 7 . 13 . 14 . 22 . 24 . 25 . 26 . 27 . 29 . . . . 30 . . . . 31 . . . . 33 For the latest information about developments related to Forms W-2 and W-3 and their instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to IRS.gov/FormW2. What's New Employee stock options are not subject to Railroad Retirement Tax. In Wisconsin Central Ltd. v. U.S., 138 S. Ct. 2067, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that employee stock options are not “money remuneration” subject to the Railroad Retirement Tax Act (RRTA). If you are a railroad employer, do not withhold Tier 1 and Tier 2 taxes when employees covered by the RRTA exercise stock options. You still must withhold federal income tax on taxable compensation from railroad employees exercising their options. See For employees covered by RRTA tax. Box 9 Verification code. The Verification code pilot program has ended. Box 9 is no longer in use. Disaster tax relief. Disaster tax relief is available for those affected by recent disasters. For more information about disaster relief, go to IRS.gov/DisasterTaxRelief. Jan 28, 2019 Penalties increased. Failure to file and failure to furnish penalties and penalties for intentional disregard of filing and payee statement requirements have increased due to adjustments for inflation. The higher penalty amounts apply to returns required to be filed after December 31, 2019. See Penalties for more information. Reminders Due date for filing with SSA. The due date for filing 2019 Forms W-2, W-2AS, W-2CM, W-2GU, W-2VI, W-3, and W-3SS with the SSA is January 31, 2020, whether you file using paper forms or electronically. Extensions of time to file. Extensions of time to file Form W-2 with the SSA are not automatic. You may request one 30-day extension to file Form W-2 by submitting a complete application on Form 8809, Application for Extension of Time To File Information Returns, indicating that at least one of the criteria on the form and instructions for granting an extension applies and signing under penalties of perjury. The IRS will only grant the extension in extraordinary circumstances or catastrophe. See Extension of time to file Forms W-2 with the SSA for more information. This does not affect extensions of time to furnish Forms W-2 to employees. See Extension of time to furnish Forms W-2 to employees for more information. Get it done faster... TIP E-file your Forms W-2 and W-2c with the SSA. See E-filing. Rejected wage reports from the Social Security Administration (SSA). The SSA will reject Form W-2 electronic and paper wage reports under the following conditions: • Medicare wages and tips are less than the sum of social security wages and social security tips, • Social security tax is greater than zero; social security wages and social security tips are equal to zero, and • Medicare tax is greater than zero; Medicare wages and tips are equal to zero. Additionally, Forms W-2 and W-2c electronic and paper wage reports for household employers will be rejected under the following conditions: • The sum of social security wages and social security tips is less than the minimum yearly earnings subject to social security and Medicare tax withholding for a household employee, and • The Medicare wages and tips are less than the minimum yearly earnings subject to social security and Medicare tax withholding for a household employee. Cat. No. 25979S employees, and keep for your records. BSO generates Form W-3 automatically based on your Forms W-2. You also can use BSO to upload wage files to the SSA, check on the status of previously submitted wage reports, and take advantage of other convenient services for employers and businesses. Visit the SSA’s Employer W-2 Filing Instructions & Information website at SSA.gov/ employer for more information about using BSO to save time for your organization. Here you also will find forms and publications used for wage reporting, information about verifying employee social security numbers online, how to reach an SSA employer services representative for your region, and more. If the above conditions occur in an electronic wage report, the SSA will notify the submitter by email or postal mail to correct the report and resubmit it to the SSA. If the above conditions occur in a paper wage report, the SSA will notify the employer by email or postal mail to correct the report and resubmit it to the SSA. Note. Do not write “corrected” or “amended” on any resubmitted reports. Household employers, see Pub. 926, Household Employer's Tax Guide. Social security numbers. Do not truncate social security numbers shown on Forms W-2, W-2AS, W-2GU, and W-2VI. Social security numbers are required on Forms W-2. See Taxpayer identification numbers (TINs), later. Also see Regulations section 301.6109-4(b)(2). Filers of other forms, such as certain Forms 1099/1098, may truncate the taxpayer identification number (XX-XXX1234) of the payee on the payee statement to combat identity theft. Preview BSO by viewing a brief online tutorial. Go TIP to SSA.gov/employer/bsotut.htm. Correcting wage reports. You can use BSO to create, save, print, and submit Forms W-2c, Corrected Wage and Tax Statement, online for the current year as well as for prior years. After logging into BSO, navigate to the Electronic Wage Reporting home page and click on the “Forms W-2c/W-3c Online” tab. Also, see E-filing and E-filing Forms W-2c and W-3c. Limit on health flexible spending arrangement (FSA). For 2019, a cafeteria plan may not allow an employee to request salary reduction contributions for a health FSA in excess of $2,700. The salary reduction contribution limitation of $2,700 does not include any amount (up to $500) carried over from a previous year. For more information, see Health flexible spending arrangement (FSA). Tax relief for victims of terrorist attacks. Disability payments for injuries incurred as a direct result of a terrorist attack directed against the United States (or its allies) are not included in income. Because federal income tax withholding is required only when a payment is includable in income, no federal income tax should be withheld from these payments. Additional Medicare Tax. In addition to withholding Medicare tax at 1.45%, an employer is required to withhold a 0.9% Additional Medicare Tax on any Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) wages or Railroad Retirement Tax Act (RRTA) compensation it pays to an employee in excess of $200,000 in a calendar year. An employer is required to begin withholding Additional Medicare Tax in the pay period in which it pays wages or compensation in excess of $200,000 to an employee and continue to withhold it until the end of the calendar year. Additional Medicare Tax is imposed only on the employee. There is no employer share of Additional Medicare Tax. All wages and compensation that are subject to Medicare tax are subject to Additional Medicare Tax withholding if paid in excess of the $200,000 withholding threshold. For more information on Additional Medicare Tax, go to IRS.gov/ADMT. Unless otherwise noted, references to Medicare tax include Additional Medicare Tax. Distributions from governmental section 457(b) plans of state and local agencies. Generally, report distributions from section 457(b) plans of state and local agencies on Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. See Notice 2003-20 on page 894 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 2003-19 at IRS.gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb03-19.pdf. Earned income credit (EIC) notice (not applicable to Forms W-2AS, W-2CM, W-2GU, and W-2VI). You must notify employees who have no income tax withheld that they may be able to claim an income tax refund because of the EIC. You can do this by using the official Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form W-2 with the EIC notice on the back of Copy B or a substitute Form W-2 with the same statement. You must give your employee Notice 797, Possible Federal Tax Refund Due to the Earned Income Credit (EIC), or your own statement that contains the same wording if (a) you use a substitute Form W-2 that does not contain the EIC notice, (b) you are not required to furnish Form W-2, or (c) you do not furnish a timely Form W-2 to your employee. For more information, see section 10 in Pub. 15 (Circular E), Employer's Tax Guide. Medicaid waiver payments. Notice 2014-7 provides that certain Medicaid waiver payments are excludable from income for federal income tax purposes. See Notice 2014-7, 2014-4 I.R.B. 445, available at IRS.gov/irb/ 2014-4_IRB#NOT-2014-7. Also, see IRS.gov/ MedicaidWaiverPayments for questions and answers on the notice. Electronic statements for employees. Furnishing Copies B, C, and 2 of Forms W-2 to your employees electronically may save you time and effort. See Pub. 15-A, Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide, Furnishing Form W-2 to employees electronically, for additional information. Business Services Online (BSO). The SSA has enhanced its secure BSO website to make it easier to register and navigate. Use BSO’s online fill-in forms to create, save, and submit Forms W-2 and W-2c to the SSA electronically. BSO lets you print copies of these forms to file with state or local governments, distribute to your -2- General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (2019) report Guam wages paid by Guam employers, and Form W-2VI is used to report U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) wages paid by USVI employers. Do not use these forms to report wages subject to U.S. income tax withholding. Instead, use Form W-2 to show U.S. income tax withheld. E-filing. The SSA encourages all employers to e-file. E-filing can save you time and effort and helps ensure accuracy. You must e-file if you are required to file 250 or more Forms W-2 or W-2c. If you are required to e-file but fail to do so, you may incur a penalty. The SSA’s BSO website makes e-filing easy by providing two ways to submit your Forms W-2 or W-2c Copy A and Forms W-3 or W-3c information. • If you need to file 50 or fewer Forms W-2 or 25 or fewer Forms W-2c at a time, you can use BSO to create them online. BSO guides you through the process of creating Forms W-2 or W-2c, saving and printing them, and submitting them to the SSA when you are ready. You do not have to wait until you have submitted Forms W-2 or W-2c to the SSA before printing copies for your employees. BSO generates Form W-3 or W-3c automatically based on your Forms W-2 or W-2c. • If you need to file more than 50 Forms W-2 or more than 25 Forms W-2c, BSO’s “file upload” feature might be the best e-filing method for your business or organization. To obtain file format specifications, visit the SSA’s website at SSA.gov/employer/EFW2 &EFW2C.htm, and select the appropriate document. This information also is available by calling the SSA’s Employer Reporting Service Center at 800-772-6270 (toll free). ! Military Spouses Residency Relief Act (MSRRA). You may be required to report wages and taxes on a form different from the form you generally use if an employee claims residence or domicile under MSRRA in a different jurisdiction in one of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands. Under MSRRA, the spouse of an active duty servicemember (civilian spouse) may keep his or her prior residence or domicile for tax purposes (tax residence) when accompanying the servicemember spouse, who is relocating under military orders, to a new military duty station in one of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, or a U.S. possession. Before relocating, both spouses must have had the same tax residence. For example, if a civilian spouse is working in Guam but properly claims tax residence in one of the 50 states under MSRRA, his or her income from services would not be taxable income for Guam tax purposes. Federal income taxes should be withheld and remitted to the IRS. State and local income taxes may need to be withheld and remitted to state and local tax authorities. You should consult with state, local, or U.S. possession tax authorities regarding your withholding obligations under MSRRA. If you e-file, do not file the same returns using paper forms. CAUTION For more information about e-filing Forms W-2 or W-2c and a link to the BSO website, visit the SSA’s Employer W-2 Filing Instructions & Information website at SSA.gov/ employer. Nonqualified deferred compensation plans. You are not required to complete box 12 with code Y (Deferrals under a section 409A nonqualified deferred compensation plan). Section 409A provides that all amounts deferred under a nonqualified deferred compensation (NQDC) plan for all tax years are includible in gross income unless certain requirements are satisfied. See Nonqualified deferred compensation plans under Special Reporting Situations for Form W-2 and the Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Reporting Example Chart. In a few situations, reporting instructions vary depending on the filing method you choose. For example, you can include every type of box 12 amount in one employee wage record if you upload an electronic file. If you file on paper or create Forms W-2 online, you can include only four box 12 amounts per Form W-2. See the TIP for Box 12—Codes under Specific Instructions for Form W-2. Waiver from e-filing. You can request a waiver from this requirement by filing Form 8508, Request for Waiver From Filing Information Returns Electronically. Submit Form 8508 to the IRS at least 45 days before the due date of Form W-2, or 45 days before you file your first Form W-2c. See Form 8508 for information about filing this form. Reporting the cost of group health insurance coverage. You must report the cost of employer-sponsored health coverage in box 12 using code DD. However, transitional relief applies to certain employers and certain types of plans. For more information, see Box 12—Codes for Code DD—Cost of employer-sponsored health coverage. Form 944. Use the “944” checkbox in box b of Form W-3 or Form W-3SS if you filed Form 944, Employer's ANNUAL Federal Tax Return. Also use the “944” checkbox if you filed Formulario 944(SP), the Spanish-language version of Form 944. Severance payments. Severance payments are wages subject to social security and Medicare taxes. As noted in section 15 of Pub. 15 (Circular E), severance payments also are subject to income tax withholding and FUTA tax. Substitute forms. You may use an acceptable substitute form instead of an official IRS form. Form W-2. If you are not using the official IRS form to furnish Form W-2 to employees or to file with the SSA, you may use an acceptable substitute form that complies with the rules in Pub. 1141, General Rules and Specifications for Substitute Forms W-2 and W-3. Pub. 1141 is a revenue procedure that explains the requirements for format and content of substitute Forms Forms W-2 for U.S. possessions. In these instructions, reference to Forms W-2 and W-3 includes Forms W-2AS, W-2CM, W-2GU, W-2VI, and W-3SS, unless otherwise noted. These instructions are not applicable to wage and tax statements for Puerto Rico. Form W-2AS is used to report American Samoa wages paid by American Samoa employers, Form W-2CM is used to report the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) wages paid by CNMI employers, Form W-2GU is used to General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (2019) -3- You also can call the IRS with your employment tax questions at 800-829-4933 or go to IRS.gov/Businesses/ Small-Businesses-Self-Employed/UnderstandingEmployment-Taxes. W-2 and W-3. Your substitute forms must comply with the requirements in Pub. 1141. Pub. 1141 prohibits advertising on Form W-2. You must not include advertising on any copy of Form W-2, including coupons providing discounts on tax preparation services attached to the employee copies. See Pub. 1141 for further information. Form W-2c. If you are not using the official IRS form to furnish Form W-2c to employees or to file with the SSA, you may use an acceptable substitute form that complies with the rules in Pub. 1223, General Rules and Specifications for Substitute Forms W-2c and W-3c. Pub. 1223 is a revenue procedure that explains the requirements for format and content of substitute Forms W-2c and W-3c. Your substitute forms must comply with the requirements in Pub. 1223. Pub. 1223 prohibits advertising on Form W-2c. You must not include advertising on any copy of Form W-2c, including coupons providing discounts on tax preparation services attached to the employee copies. See Pub. 1223 for further information. How To Get Forms and Publications Internet. You can access IRS.gov 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to: • Download, view, and order tax forms, instructions, and publications. • Access commercial tax preparation and e-file services. • Research your tax questions online. • See answers to frequently asked tax questions. • Search publications online by topic or keyword. • View Internal Revenue Bulletins published in the last few years. • Sign up to receive local and national tax news by email. You can order forms, instructions, and publications at IRS.gov/OrderForms. For any other tax information, go to IRS.gov/Help/Tax-Law-Questions. Do not print Copy A of Forms W-2, W-3, W-2c, or W-3c from IRS.gov and then file them with the CAUTION SSA. The SSA accepts only e-filed reports and the official red-ink versions (or approved substitute versions) of these forms. For more information about acceptable substitute versions, see Substitute forms. For information about e-filing, see E-filing. Need Help? ! Help with e-filing. If you have questions about how to register or use BSO, call 800-772-6270 (toll free) to speak with an employer reporting technician at the SSA. The hours of operation are Monday through Friday from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. Eastern time. If you experience problems using any of the services within BSO, call 888-772-2970 (toll free) to speak with a systems operator in technical support at the SSA. To speak with the SSA's Employer Services Liaison Officer (ESLO) for the U.S. Virgin Islands, call 212-264-1462 (not a toll-free number). For Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or American Samoa, call 510-970-8247 (not a toll-free number). For all other employers, contact the ESLO that services your region. For a complete telephone listing, visit the SSA’s Employer W-2 Filing Instructions & Information website at SSA.gov/employer/ wage_reporting_specialists.htm. Mail. You can send your order for forms, instructions, and publications to the following address. You should receive a response within 10 days after your request is received. Internal Revenue Service 1201 N. Mitsubishi Motorway Bloomington, IL 61705-6613 Common Errors on Forms W-2 Forms W-2 provide information to your employees, the SSA, the IRS, and state and local governments. Avoid making the following errors, which cause processing delays. Information reporting customer service site. The IRS operates a centralized customer service site to answer questions about reporting on Forms W-2, W-3, 1099, and other information returns. If you have questions about reporting on these forms, call 866-455-7438 (toll free). Do not: • Download Copy A of Forms W-2, W-2AS, W-2GU, W-2VI, W-3SS, or Form W-3 from IRS.gov and file with SSA. • Omit the decimal point and cents from entries. • Make entries using ink that is too light. Use only black ink. • Make entries that are too small or too large. Use 12-point Courier font, if possible. • Add dollar signs to the money-amount boxes. They have been removed from Copy A and are not required. • Inappropriately check the “Retirement plan” checkbox in box 13. See Retirement plan. • Misformat the employee's name in box e. Enter the employee's first name and middle initial in the first box, his or her surname in the second box, and his or her suffix (such as “Jr.”) in the third box (optional). • Enter the incorrect employer identification number (EIN) or the employee’s SSN for the EIN. • Cut, fold, or staple Copy A paper forms mailed to SSA. TTY/TDD equipment. Telephone help is available using TTY/TDD equipment for persons who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. If you have questions about reporting on information returns (Forms 1096, 1097, 1098, 1099, 3921, 3922, 5498, W-2, W-2G, and W-3), call 304-579-4827. Employment tax information. Detailed employment tax information is given in: • Pub. 15 (Circular E), Employer's Tax Guide, • Pub. 15-A, Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide, • Pub. 15-B, Employer's Tax Guide to Fringe Benefits, • Pub. 51 (Circular A), Agricultural Employer's Tax Guide, and • Pub. 80 (Circular SS), Federal Tax Guide for Employers in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. -4- General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (2019) • Mail any other copy other than Copy A of Form W-2 to the SSA. Use of a reporting agent or other third-party payroll service provider does not relieve an CAUTION employer of the responsibility to ensure that Forms W-2 are furnished to employees and that Forms W-2 and W-3 are filed with the SSA, correctly and on time. See Penalties for more information. ! General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 Who must file Form W-2. You must file Form(s) W-2 if you have one or more employees to whom you made payments (including noncash payments) for the employees’ services in your trade or business during 2019. Complete and file Form W-2 for each employee for whom any of the following applies (even if the employee is related to you). • You withheld any income, social security, or Medicare tax from wages regardless of the amount of wages; or • You would have had to withhold income tax if the employee had claimed no more than one withholding allowance or had not claimed exemption from withholding on Form W-4; or • You paid $600 or more in wages even if you did not withhold any income, social security, or Medicare tax. Only in very limited situations will you not have to file Form W-2. This may occur if you were not required to withhold any income tax, social security tax, or Medicare tax and you paid the employee less than $600, such as for certain election workers and certain foreign agricultural workers. See Election workers and Foreign agricultural workers, later. Unless otherwise noted, references to Medicare tax include Additional Medicare Tax. If you are required to file 250 or more Forms W-2 or want to take advantage of the benefits of e-filing, see E-filing. Be sure that the payer's name and EIN on Forms W-2 and W-3 are the same as those used on the Form 941, Employer's QUARTERLY Federal Tax Return; Form 943, Employer's Annual Federal Tax Return for Agricultural Employees; Form 944; Form CT-1, Employer's Annual Railroad Retirement Tax Return; or Schedule H (Form 1040) filed by or for the payer. When to file. Mail or electronically file Copy A of Form(s) W-2 and Form W-3 with the SSA by January 31, 2020. You may owe a penalty for each Form W-2 that you file late. See Penalties. If you terminate your business, see Terminating a business. Extension of time to file Forms W-2 with the SSA. You may request only one extension of time to file Form W-2 with the SSA by submitting a complete application on Form 8809, Application for Extension of Time To File Information Returns. When completing the Form 8809, indicate that at least one of the criteria on the form and instructions for granting an extension applies. You must sign the application under penalties of perjury. Send the application to the address shown on Form 8809. You must request the extension before the due date of Forms W-2. If the IRS grants your request for extension, you will have an additional 30 days to file. The IRS will grant extensions to file Forms W-2 only in limited cases for extraordinary circumstances or catastrophe, such as a natural disaster or fire destroying the books and records needed for filing the forms. No additional extension of time to file will be allowed. See Form 8809 for details. Who must file Form W-3. Anyone required to file Form W-2 must file Form W-3 to transmit Copy A of Forms W-2. Make a copy of Form W-3, keep it and Copy D (For Employer) of Forms W-2 with your records for 4 years. Be sure to use Form W-3 for the correct year. If you are filing Forms W-2 electronically, also see E-filing. Household employers. Even employers with only one household employee must file Form W-3 to transmit Copy A of Form W-2. On Form W-3 check the “Hshld. emp.” checkbox in box b. For more information, see Schedule H (Form 1040), Household Employment Taxes, and its separate instructions. You must have an employer identification number (EIN). See Box b Employer identification number (EIN). Even if you request and are granted an extension of time to file Forms W-2, you still must furnish CAUTION Forms W-2 to your employees by January 31, 2020. But see Extension of time to furnish Forms W-2 to employees. ! Where to file paper Forms W-2 and W-3. File Copy A of Form(s) W-2 with Form W-3 at the following address. Social Security Administration Direct Operations Center Wilkes-Barre, PA 18769-0001 If you use “Certified Mail” to file, change the ZIP Who may sign Form W-3. A transmitter or sender (including a service bureau, reporting agent, paying agent, or disbursing agent) may sign Form W-3 (or use its PIN to e-file) for the employer or payer only if the sender satisfies both of the following. • It is authorized to sign by an agency agreement (whether oral, written, or implied) that is valid under state law; and • It writes “For (name of payer)” next to the signature (paper Form W-3 only). General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (2019) TIP code to “18769-0002.” If you use an IRS-approved private delivery service, add “Attn: W-2 Process, 1150 E. Mountain Dr.” to the address and change the ZIP code to “18702-7997.” Go to IRS.gov/PDS for a list of IRS-approved private delivery services. Do not send cash, checks, money orders, or other forms of payment with the Forms W-2 CAUTION and W-3 that you submit to the SSA. Employment tax forms (for example, Form 941 or Form 943), remittances, and Forms 1099 must be sent to the IRS. ! -5- If employment ends before December 31, 2019, you may furnish copies to the employee at any time after employment ends, but no later than January 31, 2020. If an employee asks for Form W-2, give him or her the completed copies within 30 days of the request or within 30 days of the final wage payment, whichever is later. However, if you terminate your business, see Terminating a business. You may furnish Forms W-2 to employees on IRS official forms or on acceptable substitute forms. See Substitute forms. Be sure the Forms W-2 you provide to employees are clear and legible and comply with the requirements in Pub. 1141. Forms W-2 that include logos, slogans, and advertisements (including advertisements for tax preparation software) may be considered as suspicious or altered Forms W-2 (also known as “questionable Forms W-2”). An employee may not recognize the importance of the employee copy for tax reporting purposes due to the use of logos, slogans, and advertisements. Therefore, the IRS has determined that logos, slogans, and advertising will not be allowed on Forms W-3, Copy A of Forms W-2, or any employee copies reporting wages paid. Limited exceptions on this prohibition exist with respect to employee copies. See Pub. 1141 for more information. Extension of time to furnish Forms W-2 to employees. You may request an extension of time to furnish Forms W-2 to employees by sending a letter to: Copy 1. Send Copy 1 of Form W-2, if required, to your state, city, or local tax department. For more information concerning Copy 1 (including how to complete boxes 15 through 20), contact your state, city, or local tax department. American Samoa. File Copy 1 of Form W-3SS and Forms W-2AS at the following address. American Samoa Tax Office Executive Office Building First Floor Pago Pago, AS 96799 Guam. File Copy 1 of Form W-3SS and Forms W-2GU at the following address. Guam Department of Revenue and Taxation P.O. Box 23607 GMF, GU 96921 For additional information about Form W-2GU, see GuamTax.com. United States Virgin Islands. File Copy 1 of Form W-3SS and Forms W-2VI at the following address. Virgin Islands Bureau of Internal Revenue 6115 Estate Smith Bay Suite 225 St. Thomas, VI 00802 Internal Revenue Service Attn: Extension of Time Coordinator 240 Murall Drive, Mail Stop 4360 Kearneysville, WV 25430 For additional information about Form W-2VI, see BIR.VI.gov. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. File Form OS-3710 and Copy 1 of Forms W-2CM at the following address. Mail your letter on or before the due date for furnishing Forms W-2 to employees. It must include: • Your name and address, • Your EIN, • A statement that you are requesting an extension to furnish “Forms W-2” to employees, • The reason for delay, and • Your signature or that of your authorized agent. Division of Revenue and Taxation Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands P.O. Box 5234 CHRB Saipan, MP 96950 Forms OS-3710 and W-2CM are not IRS forms. For additional information about Form W-2CM, see CNMIDOF.net. Requests for an extension of time to furnish Forms W-2 to employees are not automatically CAUTION granted. If approved, an extension generally will be granted for no more than 15 days from the due date, unless the need for up to a total of 30 days is clearly shown. See the 2019 General Instructions for Certain Information Returns. ! Shipping and mailing. If you file more than one type of employment tax form, group Forms W-2 of the same type with a separate Form W-3 for each type, and send them in separate groups. See the specific instructions for Box b—Kind of Payer and Box b—Kind of Employer in Specific Instructions for Form W-3. Prepare and file Forms W-2 either alphabetically by employees' last names or numerically by employees' social security numbers. Do not staple or tape Form W-3 to the related Forms W-2 or Forms W-2 to each other. These forms are machine read. Staple holes or tears interfere with machine reading. Also, do not fold Forms W-2 and W-3. Send the forms to the SSA in a flat mailing. Undeliverable Forms W-2. Keep for 4 years any employee copies of Forms W-2 that you tried to but could not deliver. However, if the undelivered Form W-2 can be produced electronically through April 15th of the fourth year after the year at issue, you do not need to keep undeliverable employee copies. Do not send undeliverable employee copies of Forms W-2 to the Social Security Administration (SSA). Furnishing Copies B, C, and 2 to employees. Generally, you must furnish Copies B, C, and 2 of Form W-2 to your employees by January 31, 2020. You will meet the “furnish” requirement if the form is properly addressed and mailed on or before the due date. Taxpayer identification numbers (TINs). Employers use an employer identification number (EIN) (XX-XXXXXXX). Employees use a social security number -6- General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (2019) (SSN) (XXX-XX-XXXX). When you list a number, separate the nine digits properly to show the kind of number. Do not accept an IRS individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) in place of an SSN for employee identification or for Form W-2 reporting. An ITIN is available only to resident and nonresident aliens who are not eligible for U.S. employment and need identification for other tax purposes. An ITIN will expire if it is not used at least once on a federal tax return in the last three consecutive tax years, either as the filer or a dependent. ITINs issued before 2013 are scheduled to expire according to an annual schedule. For more information, see the Instructions for Form W-7 or visit IRS.gov/ITIN. You can identify an ITIN because it is a 9-digit number formatted like an SSN beginning with the number “9” and with a number in one of the following ranges in the fourth and fifth digit: 50–65, 70–88, 90–92, and 94–99 (for example, 9NN-70-NNNN). Do not auto populate an ITIN into box a, Employee's social security number, on Form W-2. See section 4 of Pub. 15 (Circular E). ! CAUTION Agent for (name of employer) Address of agent Each Form W-2 should reflect the EIN of the agent in box b. An agent files one Form W-3 for all of the Forms W-2 and enters its own information in boxes e, f, and g of Form W-3 as it appears on the agent's related employment tax returns (for example, Form 941). Enter the client-employer's EIN in box h of Form W-3 if the Forms W-2 relate to only one employer (other than the agent); if not, leave box h blank. If the agent (a) is acting as an agent for two or more employers or is an employer and is acting as an agent for another employer, and (b) pays social security wages to an individual on behalf of more than one employer, the agent should file separate Forms W-2 for the affected employee reflecting the wages paid by each employer. See Rev. Proc. 2013-39, 2013-52 I.R.B. 830, available at IRS.gov/irb/2013-52_IRB#RP-2013-39 and Form 2678 instructions for procedures to be followed in applying to be an agent. An individual with an ITIN who later becomes eligible to work in the United States must obtain an SSN from the Social Security Administration. Generally, an agent is not responsible for TIP refunding excess social security or railroad retirement (RRTA) tax withheld from employees. If an employee worked for more than one employer during 2019 and had more than $8,239.80 in social security and Tier 1 RRTA tax withheld, he or she should claim the excess on the appropriate line of Form 1040 or Form 1040NR. If an employee had more than $4,836.30 in Tier 2 RRTA tax withheld from more than one employer, the employee should claim a refund on Form 843, Claim for Refund and Request for Abatement. The IRS uses SSNs to check the payments that you report against the amounts shown on employees' tax returns. The SSA uses SSNs to record employees' earnings for future social security and Medicare benefits. When you prepare Form W-2, be sure to show the correct SSN for each employee. Do not truncate the employees' SSNs on Form W-2. For information about verifying SSNs, see section 4 of Pub. 15 (Circular E) or visit the SSA's Employer W-2 Filing Instructions & Information website at SSA.gov/employer. ! CAUTION Archer MSA. An employer's contribution to an employee's Archer MSA is not subject to federal income tax withholding or social security, Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes if it is reasonable to believe at the time of the payment that the contribution will be excludable from the employee's income. However, if it is not reasonable to believe at the time of payment that the contribution will be excludable from the employee's income, employer contributions are subject to income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable) and must be reported in boxes 1, 3, and 5. (Use box 14 if railroad retirement taxes apply.) You must report all employer contributions to an Archer MSA in box 12 of Form W-2 with code R. Employer contributions to an Archer MSA that are not excludable from the income of the employee also must be reported in boxes 1, 3, and 5 (box 14 if railroad retirement taxes apply). An employee's contributions to an Archer MSA are includible in income as wages and are subject to federal income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable). Employee contributions are deductible, within limits, on the employee's Form 1040. For more information, see Pub. 969, Health Savings Accounts and Other Tax-Favored Health Plans, and Notice 96-53, which is found on page 5 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 1996-51 at IRS.gov/pub/irs-irbs/ irb96-51.pdf. Form W-2 e-filed with the SSA must contain the same TINs as shown on all copies of Form W-2 furnished to employees. Special Reporting Situations for Form W-2 Adoption benefits. Amounts paid or expenses incurred by an employer for qualified adoption expenses under an adoption assistance program are not subject to federal income tax withholding and are not reportable in box 1. However, these amounts (including adoption benefits paid from a section 125 (cafeteria) plan, but not including adoption benefits forfeited from a cafeteria plan) are subject to social security, Medicare, and railroad retirement taxes and must be reported in boxes 3 and 5. (Use box 14 if railroad retirement taxes apply.) Also, the total amount must be reported in box 12 with code T. For more information on adoption benefits, see Notice 97-9, 1997-1 C.B. 365, which is on page 35 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 1997-2 at IRS.gov/pub/irs-irbs/ irb97-02.pdf. Advise your employees to see the Instructions for Form 8839, Qualified Adoption Expenses. Agent reporting. An agent who has an approved Form 2678, Employer/Payer Appointment of Agent, should enter the following in box c of Form W-2: (Name of agent) General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (2019) -7- • Box 5— 13000.00 (includes the $3,000 accrued wages and vacation pay) • Box 6— 188.50 (1.45% of the amount in box 5) Clergy and religious workers. For certain members of the clergy and religious workers who are not subject to social security and Medicare taxes as employees, boxes 3 and 5 of Form W-2 should be left blank. You may include a minister's parsonage and/or utilities allowance in box 14. For information on the rules that apply to ministers and certain other religious workers, see Pub. 517, Social Security and Other Information for Members of the Clergy and Religious Workers, and section 4 in Pub. 15-A. ! Employer X also must complete Form 1099-MISC as follows. CAUTION • Boxes for recipient’s name, address, and TIN—the estate's name, address, and TIN. • Box 3: 3000.00 (Even though amounts were withheld for social security and Medicare taxes, the gross amount is reported here.) Deceased employee's wages. If an employee dies during the year, you must report the accrued wages, vacation pay, and other compensation paid after the date of death. Also report wages that were available to the employee while he or she was alive, regardless of whether they actually were in the possession of the employee, as well as any other regular wage payment, even if you may have to reissue the payment in the name of the estate or beneficiary. If you made the payment after the employee's death but in the same year the employee died, you must withhold social security and Medicare taxes on the payment and report the payment on the employee's Form W-2 only as social security and Medicare wages to ensure proper social security and Medicare credit is received. On the employee's Form W-2, show the payment as social security wages (box 3) and Medicare wages and tips (box 5) and the social security and Medicare taxes withheld in boxes 4 and 6. Do not show the payment in box 1. If you made the payment after the year of death, do not report it on Form W-2, and do not withhold social security and Medicare taxes. Whether the payment is made in the year of death or after the year of death, you also must report it in box 3 of Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income, for the payment to the estate or beneficiary. Use the name and taxpayer identification number (TIN) of the payment recipient on Form 1099-MISC. However, if the payment is a reissuance of wages that were constructively received by the deceased individual while he or she was still alive, do not report it on Form 1099-MISC. If Employer X made the payment after the year of death, the $3,000 would not be subject to social security and Medicare taxes and would not be shown on Form W-2. However, the employer would still file Form 1099-MISC. Designated Roth contributions. Under section 402A, a participant in a section 401(k) plan, under a 403(b) salary reduction agreement, or in a governmental 457(b) plan that includes a qualified Roth contribution program, may elect to make designated Roth contributions to the plan or program in lieu of elective deferrals. Designated Roth contributions are subject to federal income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes (and railroad retirement taxes, if applicable) and must be reported in boxes 1, 3, and 5. (Use box 14 if railroad retirement taxes apply.) Section 402A requires separate reporting of the yearly designated Roth contributions. Designated Roth contributions to 401(k) plans will be reported using code AA in box 12; designated Roth contributions under 403(b) salary reduction agreements will be reported using code BB in box 12; and designated Roth contributions under a governmental section 457(b) plan will be reported using code EE in box 12. For reporting instructions, see the box 12 instructions for Code AA—Designated Roth contributions under a section 401(k) plan, Code BB—Designated Roth contributions under a section 403(b) plan, and Code EE—Designated Roth contributions under a governmental section 457(b) plan. Educational assistance programs. Employer-provided educational assistance up to a maximum of $5,250 is excludable from an employee's wages only if assistance is provided under an educational assistance program under section 127. See Pub. 970, Tax Benefits for Education, and section 2 of Pub. 15-B for more information. Also see Box 1—Wages, tips, other compensation. Example. Before Employee A's death on June 15, 2019, A was employed by Employer X and received $10,000 in wages on which federal income tax of $1,500 was withheld. When A died, X owed A $2,000 in wages and $1,000 in accrued vacation pay. The total of $3,000 (less the social security and Medicare taxes withheld) was paid to A's estate on July 5, 2019. Because X made the payment during the year of death, X must withhold social security and Medicare taxes on the $3,000 payment and must complete Form W-2 as follows. • Box a— Employee A's SSN • Box e— Employee A's name • Box f— Employee A's address • Box 1— 10000.00 (does not include the $3,000 accrued wages and vacation pay) • Box 2— 1500.00 • Box 3— 13000.00 (includes the $3,000 accrued wages and vacation pay) • Box 4— 806.00 (6.2% of the amount in box 3) Election workers. Report on Form W-2 payments of $600 or more to election workers for services performed in state, county, and municipal elections. File Form W-2 for payments of less than $600 paid to election workers if social security and Medicare taxes were withheld under a section 218 (Social Security Act) agreement. Do not report election worker payments on Form 1099-MISC. If the election worker is employed in another capacity with the same government entity, see Rev. Rul. 2000-6, which is on page 512 of Internal Revenue Bulletin 2000-6 at IRS.gov/pub/irs-irbs/irb00-06.pdf. -8- General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (2019) agreement, all federal employers (including the Department of Defense) are required to withhold CNMI income taxes, rather than federal income taxes, and deposit the CNMI taxes with the CNMI Treasury for employees who are subject to CNMI taxes and whose regular place of federal employment is in the CNMI. Federal employers also are required to file quarterly and annual reports with the CNMI Division of Revenue and Taxation. For questions, contact the CNMI Division of Revenue and Taxation. Federal employers may use Form W-2 (rather than Forms W-2CM or OS-3710) to report income taxes withheld and paid to CNMI, as well as to report social security and Medicare taxes. Use the state boxes 15, 16, and 17 for CNMI income tax reporting. See the instructions for boxes 15, 16, and 17 under Boxes 15 through 20—State and local income tax information, later. This rule applies only to income tax reporting. Federal employers should withhold and report social security and Medicare taxes for these employees in the same way as for other federal employees. For more information, go to IRS.gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/SpecialWithholding-Rules-for-US-Federal-Agency-EmployersWith-Employees-in-CNMI-or-Puerto-Rico. Employee business expense reimbursements. Reimbursements to employees for business expenses must be reported as follows. • Generally, payments made under an accountable plan are excluded from the employee's gross income and are not reported on Form W-2. However, if you pay a per diem or mileage allowance and the amount paid for substantiated miles or days traveled exceeds the amount treated as substantiated under IRS rules, you must report as wages on Form W-2 the amount in excess of the amount treated as substantiated. The excess amount is subject to income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable). Report the amount treated as substantiated (that is, the nontaxable portion) in box 12 using code L. See the box 12 instructions for Code L—Substantiated employee business expense reimbursements. (Use box 14 if railroad retirement taxes apply.) • Payments made under a nonaccountable plan are reported as wages on Form W-2 and are subject to federal income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable). (Use box 14 if railroad retirement taxes apply.) For more information on accountable plans, nonaccountable plans, amounts treated as substantiated under a per diem or mileage allowance, the standard mileage rate, the per diem substantiation method, and the high-low substantiation method, see Pub. 463, Travel, Gift, and Car Expenses; and section 5 of Pub. 15 (Circular E). Foreign agricultural workers. You must report compensation of $600 or more paid in a calendar year to an H-2A visa agricultural worker for agricultural labor. If the H-2A visa agricultural worker furnishes a valid taxpayer identification number, report these payments in box 1 of Form W-2. If the worker does not furnish a valid taxpayer identification number, report the payments on Form 1099-MISC. See Form 1099-MISC below. On Form W-2, no amount should be reported in box 3 or 5. In most cases, you do not need to withhold federal income tax from compensation paid to H-2A visa agricultural workers. Employers should withhold federal income tax only if the H-2A visa agricultural worker and the employer agree to withhold. The H-2A visa agricultural worker must provide a completed Form W-4. If the employer withholds income tax, the employer must report the tax withheld in box 2 of Form W-2 and on line 8 of Form 943. See Pub. 51 (Circular A). Form 1099-MISC. If the H-2A visa agricultural worker fails to furnish a taxpayer identification number to the employer, and the total annual payments made to the H-2A visa agricultural worker are $600 or more, the employer must begin backup withholding on the payments made until the H-2A visa agricultural worker furnishes a valid taxpayer identification number. Employers must report the compensation paid and any backup withholding on Forms 1099-MISC and Form 945, Annual Return of Withheld Federal Income Tax. See the 2019 Instructions for Form 1099-MISC and the 2019 Instructions for Form 945. For more information, go to IRS.gov/H2A. Employee's social security and Medicare taxes (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable) paid by employer. If you paid your employee's share of social security and Medicare taxes rather than deducting them from the employee's wages, you must include these payments as wages subject to federal (or American Samoa, CNMI, Guam, or U.S. Virgin Islands) income tax withholding and social security, Medicare, and federal unemployment (FUTA) taxes. If you paid your employee's share of railroad retirement taxes, you must include these amounts as compensation subject to railroad retirement taxes. The amount to include as wages and/or compensation is determined by using the formula contained in the discussion of Employee's Portion of Taxes Paid by Employer in section 7 of Pub. 15-A and in Rev. Proc. 83-43, 1983-24 I.R.B. 60. This does not apply to household and agricultural employers. If you pay a household or agricultural CAUTION employee's social security and Medicare taxes, you must include these payments in the employee's wages for income tax withholding purposes. However, the wage increase due to the tax payments is not subject to social security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes. For information on completing Forms W-2 and W-3 in this situation, see the Instructions for Schedule H (Form 1040) and section 4 of Pub. 51 (Circular A). ! Fringe benefits. Include all taxable fringe benefits in box 1 of Form W-2 as wages, tips, and other compensation and, if applicable, in boxes 3 and 5 as social security and Medicare wages. Although not required, you may include the total value of fringe benefits in box 14 (or on a separate statement). However, if you provided your employee a vehicle, you must include the Federal employers in the CNMI. The U.S. Treasury Department and the CNMI Division of Revenue and Taxation entered into an agreement under 5 U.S.C. 5517 (“5517 agreement”) in December 2006. Under this General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (2019) -9- value of any personal use in boxes 1, 3, and 5 of Form W-2. You must withhold social security and Medicare tax, but you have the option not to withhold federal income tax if you notify the employee and include the value of the benefit in boxes 1, 3, 5, and 14. See Pub. 15-B for more information. Public Law 115-97, section 11045, does not permit employees to deduct unreimbursed CAUTION employee business expenses for tax years 2018 through 2025. If you included 100% of the vehicle’s annual lease value in the employee’s income, the employee will not be able to deduct expenses attributable to the business use of an employer-provided vehicle. See Pub. 15-B. ! Golden parachute payments (not applicable to Forms W-2AS, W-2CM, W-2GU, or W-2VI). Include any golden parachute payments in boxes 1, 3, and 5 of Form W-2. Withhold federal income, social security, and Medicare taxes (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable) as usual and report them in boxes 2, 4, and 6, respectively. (Use box 14 if railroad retirement taxes apply.) Excess parachute payments also are subject to a 20% excise tax. If the excess payments are considered wages, withhold the 20% excise tax and include it in box 2 as income tax withheld. Also report the excise tax in box 12 with code K. For definitions and additional information, see Regulations section 1.280G-1 and Rev. Proc. 2003-68, 2003-34 I.R.B. 398, available at IRS.gov/ irb/2003-34_IRB#RP-2003-68. Government employers. Federal, state, and local governmental agencies have two options for reporting their employees' wages that are subject to only Medicare tax for part of the year and both social security and Medicare taxes for part of the year. The first option (which the SSA prefers) is to file a single set of Forms W-2 per employee for the entire year, even if only part of the year's wages are subject to both social security and Medicare taxes. Check “941” (or “944”) in box b of Form W-3 or check “941-SS” in box b of Form W-3SS. The wages in box 5 of Form W-2 must be equal to or greater than the wages in box 3 of Form W-2. The second option is to file one set of Forms W-2 for wages subject only to Medicare tax and another set for wages subject to both social security and Medicare taxes. Use a separate Form W-3 to transmit each set of Forms W-2. For the Medicare-only Forms W-2, check “Medicare govt. emp.” in box b of Form W-3. For the Forms W-2 showing wages subject to both social security and Medicare taxes, check “941” (or “944”) in box b of Form W-3 or check “941-SS” in box b of Form W-3SS. The wages in box 5 of Form W-2 must be equal to or greater than the wages in box 3 of Form W-2. Group-term life insurance. You must include in boxes 1, 3, and 5 (or 14, if railroad retirement taxes apply) the cost of group-term life insurance that is more than the cost of $50,000 of coverage, reduced by the amount the employee paid toward the insurance. Use Table 2-2 in Pub. 15-B to determine the cost of the insurance. Also, show the amount in box 12 with code C. For employees, you must withhold social security and Medicare taxes, but not federal income tax. For coverage provided to former employees, the former employees must pay the employee part of social security and Medicare taxes (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable) on the taxable cost of group-term life insurance over $50,000 on Form 1040. You are not required to collect those taxes. However, you must report the uncollected social security tax (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable) with code M and the uncollected Medicare tax (or RRTA Medicare tax, if applicable) with code N in box 12 of Form W-2. However, any uncollected Additional Medicare Tax (on the cost of group-term life insurance, which, in combination with other wages, is in excess of $200,000) is not reported with code N in box 12. Health flexible spending arrangement (FSA). For plan year 2019, a cafeteria plan may not allow an employee to request salary reduction contributions for a health FSA in excess of $2,700 (as indexed for inflation). If a cafeteria plan timely complies with the written plan requirement limiting health FSA salary reduction contributions, but one or more employees are erroneously allowed to elect a salary reduction of more than $2,700 for the plan year, the cafeteria plan will continue to be a section 125 cafeteria plan for the plan year if: • The terms of the plan apply uniformly to all participants, • The error results from a reasonable mistake by the employer (or the employer’s agent) and is not due to willful neglect by the employer (or the employer’s agent), and • Salary reduction contributions in excess of $2,700 are paid to the employee and reported as wages for income tax withholding and employment tax purposes on the employee’s Form W-2 (or Form W-2c) for the employee’s taxable year in which, or with which, ends the cafeteria plan year in which the correction is made. ! CAUTION The salary reduction contribution limit of $2,700 does not include any amount (up to $500) carried over from a previous year. For more information, see Notice 2013-71, 2013-47 I.R.B. 532, available at IRS.gov/irb/ 2013-47_IRB#NOT-2013-71. Health savings account (HSA). An employer's contribution (including an employee's contributions through a cafeteria plan) to an employee's HSA is not subject to federal income tax withholding or social security, Medicare, or railroad retirement taxes (or FUTA tax) if it is reasonable to believe at the time of the payment that the contribution will be excludable from the employee's income. However, if it is not reasonable to believe at the time of payment that the contribution will be excludable from the employee's income, employer contributions are subject to federal income tax withholding, social security and Medicare taxes (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable), and FUTA tax, and must be reported in boxes 1, 3, and 5 (use box 14 if railroad retirement taxes apply), and on Form 940, Employer's Annual Federal Unemployment (FUTA) Tax Return. You must report all employer contributions (including an employee's contributions through a cafeteria plan) to an HSA in box 12 of Form W-2 with code W. Employer contributions to an HSA that are not excludable from the -10- General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (2019) income of the employee also must be reported in boxes 1, 3, and 5. (Use box 14 if railroad retirement taxes apply.) An employee's contributions to an HSA (unless made through a cafeteria plan) are includible in income as wages and are subject to federal income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable). Employee contributions are deductible, within limits, on the employee's Form 1040. For more information about HSAs, see Notice 2004-2, Notice 2004-50, and Notice 2008-52. Notice 2004-2, 2004-2 I.R.B. 269, is available at IRS.gov/irb/ 2004-02_IRB#NOT-2004-2. Notice 2004-50, 2004-33 I.R.B. 196, is available at IRS.gov/irb/ 2004-33_IRB#NOT-2004-50. Notice 2008-52, 2008-25 I.R.B. 1166, is available at IRS.gov/irb/ 2008-25_IRB#NOT-2008-52. Also see Form 8889, Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), and Pub. 969. Lost Form W-2—Reissued statement. If an employee loses a Form W-2, write “REISSUED STATEMENT” on the new copy and furnish it to the employee. You do not have to add “REISSUED STATEMENT” on Forms W-2 provided to employees electronically. Do not send Copy A of the reissued Form W-2 to the SSA. Employers are not prohibited (by the Internal Revenue Code) from charging a fee for the issuance of a duplicate Form W-2. Military differential pay. Employers paying their employees while they are on active duty in the United States uniformed services should treat these payments as wages. Differential wage payments made to an individual while on active duty for periods scheduled to exceed 30 days are subject to income tax withholding, but are not subject to social security, Medicare, and unemployment taxes. Report differential wage payments in box 1 and any federal income tax withholding in box 2. Differential wage payments made to an individual while on active duty for 30 days or less are subject to income tax withholding, social security, Medicare, and unemployment taxes, and are reported in boxes 1, 3, and 5. See Rev. Rul. 2009-11, 2009-18 I.R.B. 896, available at IRS.gov/irb/ 2009-18_IRB#RR-2009-11. Moving expenses. Effective for tax years 2018 through 2025, the exclusion for qualified moving expense reimbursements applies only to members of the U.S. Armed Forces on active duty who move pursuant to a military order and incident to a permanent change of station. All other employees have only nonqualified moving expenses and expense reimbursements subject to tax and withholding. Report qualified moving expenses for members of the Armed Forces as follows. • Qualified moving expenses that an employer paid to a third party on behalf of the employee (for example, to a moving company) and services that an employer furnished in kind to an employee are not reported on Form W-2. • Qualified moving expense reimbursements paid directly to an employee by an employer are reported only in box 12 of Form W-2 with code P. Nonqualified moving expenses and expense reimbursements are reported in boxes 1, 3, and 5 (use box 14 if railroad retirement taxes apply) of Form W-2. General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3 (2019) These amounts are subject to federal income tax withholding and social security and Medicare taxes (or railroad retirement taxes, if applicable). Nonqualified deferred compensation plans. Section 409A provides that all amounts deferred under a nonqualified deferred compensation (NQDC) plan for all tax years are currently includible in gross income to the extent not subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture and not previously included in gross income, unless certain requirements are met. Generally, section 409A is effective with respect to amounts deferred in tax years beginning after December 31, 2004, but deferrals made before that year may be subject to section 409A under some circumstances. It is not necessary to show amounts deferred during the year under an NQDC plan subject to section 409A. If you report section 409A deferrals, show the amount in box 12 using code Y. For more information, see Notice 2008-115, 2008-52 I.R.B. 1367, available at IRS.gov/irb/ 2008-52_IRB#NOT-2008-115. Income included under section 409A from an NQDC plan will be reported in box 1 and in box 12 using code Z. This income also is subject to an additional tax of 20% that is reported on Form 1040. For more information on amounts includible in gross income and reporting requirements, see Notice 2008-115 available at IRS.gov/ irb/2008-52_IRB#NOT-2008-115. For information on correcting failures to comply with section 409A and related reporting, see Notice 2008-113, 2008-51 I.R.B. 1305, available at IRS.gov/irb/ 2008-51_IRB#NOT-2008-113; Notice 2010-6, 2010-3 I.R.B. 275, available at IRS.gov/irb/ 2010-03_IRB#NOT-2010-6; and Notice 2010-80, 2010-51 I.R.B. 853, available at IRS.gov/irb/ 2010-51_IRB#NOT-2010-80. See the Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Reporting Example Chart. Qualified equity grants under section 83(i). Report the amount includible in gross income from qualified equity grants under section 83(i)(1)(A) for the calendar year in box 12 using code GG. This amount is wages for box 1 and you must withhold income tax under section 3401(i) at the rate and manner prescribed in section 3401(t). You must withhold at the maximum rate of tax without regard to the employee’s Form W-4. Social security and Medicare taxation of the deferral stock is not affected by these rules. See Notice 2018-97, 2018-52 I.R.B. 1062, at IRS.gov/IRB/2018-52_IRB#NOT-2018-97. Qualified small employer health reimbursement arrangement. Use box 12, code FF to report the total amount of permitted benefits under a qualified small employer health reimbursement arrangement (QSEHRA). QSEHRAs allow eligible employers to pay or reimburse medical care expenses of eligible employees after the employees provide proof of coverage. The maximum reimbursement for an eligible employee under a QSEHRA for 2019 is $5,150 ($10,450 if it also provides reimbursements for family members). For more information about QSEHRAs, see Notice 2017-67, 2017-47 I.R.B. 517, at IRS.gov/irb/ 2017-47_IRB#NOT-2017-67 and Pub. 15-B under -11- Accident and Health Benefits. For information on employer reporting requirements, see Code FF—Permitted benefits under a qualified small employer health reimbursement, later. Railroad employers (not applicable to Forms W-2AS, W-2CM, W-2GU, or W-2VI). Railroad employers must file Form W-2 to report their employees' wages and income tax withholding in boxes 1 and 2. You must file a separate Form W-3 to transmit the Forms W-2 if you have employees covered under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) (social security and Medicare) and the Railroad Retirement Tax Act (RRTA). For employees covered by RRTA tax. Check the “CT-1” checkbox on Form W-3, box b, “Kind of Payer,” to transmit Forms W-2 for employees with box 1 wages and box 2 tax withholding. Use Form W-2, box 14, to report total RRTA compensation, Tier 1, Tier 2, Medicare (excluding Additional Medicare Tax), and any Additional Medicare Tax withheld for each employee covered by RRTA tax. Label them “RRTA compensation,” “Tier 1 tax,” “Tier 2 tax,” “Medicare tax,” and “Additional Medicare Tax.” Include tips reported by the employee to the employer in “RRTA compensation.” Employee stock options are not “money remuneration” subject to the RRTA. Railroad employers should not withhold Tier 1 and Tier 2 taxes when employees covered by the RRTA exercise stock options. Employers should still withhold federal income tax on taxable compensation from railroad employees exercising their stock options. For employees covered by social security and Medicare. Check the “941” checkbox on Form W-3, box b, “Kind of Payer,” to transmit Forms W-2 with box 1 wages and box 2 tax withholding for employees covered by social security and Medicare. Use Form W-2, boxes 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 to report each employee?
Extracted from PDF file 2019-federal-inst-w-2-and-w-3.pdf, last modified January 2019

More about the Federal Inst W-2 and W-3 Individual Income Tax Tax Return TY 2019

This form contains instructions in regards to submitting form W-2's and W-3's. Refer to this form if you are submitting either a W-2 or W-3 this tax season.

We last updated the Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3, Wage and Tax Statement and Transmittal of Wage and Tax Statements in February 2019, so this is the latest version of Inst W-2 and W-3, fully updated for tax year 2018. You can download or print current or past-year PDFs of Inst W-2 and W-3 directly from TaxFormFinder. You can print other Federal tax forms here.

Related Federal Individual Income Tax Forms:

TaxFormFinder has an additional 774 Federal income tax forms that you may need, plus all federal income tax forms. These related forms may also be needed with the Federal Inst W-2 and W-3.

Form Code Form Name
Inst W-9 Instructions for the Requestor of Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification
Inst W-2G and 5754 Instructions for Forms W-2G and 5754, Certain Gambling Winnings and Statement by Person(s) Receiving Gambling Winnings
Inst W-9 (SP) Instrucciones para el Solicitante del Formulario W-9(SP), Solicitud y Certificacion del Numero de Identificacion del Contribuyente

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Form Sources:

The Internal Revenue Service usually releases income tax forms for the current tax year between October and January, although changes to some forms can come even later. We last updated Federal Inst W-2 and W-3 from the Internal Revenue Service in February 2019.

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Inst W-2 and W-3 is a Federal Individual Income Tax form. Like the Federal Form 1040, states each provide a core tax return form on which most high-level income and tax calculations are performed. While some taxpayers with simple returns can complete their entire tax return on this single form, in most cases various other additional schedules and forms must be completed, depending on the taxpayer's individual situation, to create a complete income tax return package.

About the Individual Income Tax

The IRS and most states collect a personal income tax, which is paid throughout the year via tax withholding or estimated income tax payments.

Most taxpayers are required to file a yearly income tax return in April to both the Internal Revenue Service and their state's revenue department, which will result in either a tax refund of excess withheld income or a tax payment if the withholding does not cover the taxpayer's entire liability. Every taxpayer's situation is different - please consult a CPA or licensed tax preparer to ensure that you are filing the correct tax forms!


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