Federal Preparer Explanation for Not Filing Electronically
Extracted from PDF file 2018-federal-form-8948.pdf, last modified September 2018
Preparer Explanation for Not Filing ElectronicallyForm 8948 (Rev. September 2018) Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Preparer Explanation for Not Filing Electronically ▶ OMB No. 1545-2200 Attachment Sequence No. 173 Go to www.irs.gov/Form8948 for instructions and the latest information. Name(s) on tax return Tax year of return Preparer’s name Taxpayer’s identifying number Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN) Three out of four taxpayers now use IRS e-file. Go to www.irs.gov/efile for details on using IRS e-file. The benefits of electronic filing include the following. • Faster refunds • Secure transmissions • E-payment options • More accurate returns • Easier filing method • Receipt acknowledged Check the applicable box to indicate the reason this return is not being filed electronically. Do not check more than one box. 1 Taxpayer chose to file this return on paper. 2 The preparer received a waiver from the requirement to electronically file the tax return. Waiver Reference Number Approval Letter Date 3 The preparer is a member of a recognized religious group that is conscientiously opposed to filing electronically. 4 This return was rejected by IRS e-file and the reject condition could not be resolved. Reject code: 5 Number of attempts to resolve reject: The preparer’s e-file software package does not support Form attached to this return. 6 or Schedule Check the box that applies and provide additional information if requested. a The preparer is ineligible to file electronically because IRS e-file does not accept foreign preparers without social security numbers who live and work abroad. b The preparer is ineligible to participate in IRS e-file. c Other: Describe below the circumstances that prevented the preparer from filing this return electronically. For Paperwork Reduction Act Notice, see instructions. Cat. No. 37766D Form 8948 (Rev. 9-2018) Form 8948 (Rev. 9-2018) Page 2 General Instructions Specific Instructions Section and subtitle A references are to the Internal Revenue Code unless otherwise noted. Names on Tax Return, Tax Year of Return, and Taxpayer’s Identifying Number. Enter the taxpayer’s name(s), the tax year, and identifying number (SSN or EIN) that appear on the tax return with which Form 8948 will be filed. If the return is an individual tax return using the Married Filing Jointly filing status, enter the first SSN listed on the tax return. Name and PTIN of Preparer. Enter the preparer’s name and PTIN. Enter all the numbers of the PTIN. Line 1. Check this box if the taxpayer has chosen to file on paper and the return is prepared by the preparer, but will be submitted by mail by the taxpayer. See Rev. Proc. 2011-25, 2011-17 I.R.B. 725 for information on documenting a taxpayer’s choice to file on paper. Form 8948 does not meet the criteria of a taxpayer choice statement as set forth in Rev. Proc. 2011-25. Line 2. Check this box if the preparer applied for and received an approved undue hardship waiver for the calendar year in which the return is being filed. Enter the waiver reference number and date of the approval letter. Do not submit the approval letter with this form. Line 3. Check this box if the preparer is a member of a recognized religious group that is conscientiously opposed to its members using electronic technology, including the filing of income tax returns electronically, and the group has existed continuously since December 31, 1950. Line 4. Check this box if the preparer attempted to e-file this return but was unable to do so because the return was rejected and the reject condition could not be resolved. Enter the reject code and the number of attempts made to resolve the reject. Line 5. Check this box if the preparer attempted to e-file this return but the software package used to e-file did not support one or more of the forms or schedules that are a part of this return. Enter the form and/or schedule numbers the software did not support. Future Developments For the latest information about developments related to Form 8948 and its instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to www.irs.gov/Form8948. What’s New The tax year of the tax return associated with Form 8948 must be entered. The name and preparer tax identification number (PTIN) of the preparer also must be entered on the form. Forms 1040A and/or 1040EZ are not being revised for tax year 2018. Previous filers for these forms will file Form 1040 for 2018; all references for these forms have been revised accordingly. Use the previous revision (September 2012) for this form to prepare any tax years prior to 2018. Purpose of Form Form 8948 is used only by specified tax return preparers (defined below) to explain why a particular return is being filed on paper. A specified tax return preparer may be required by law to electronically file (e-file) certain covered returns (defined below). There are exceptions to this requirement, and Form 8948 is used by specified tax return preparers to identify returns that meet allowable exceptions. When To File Attach this form to the paper tax return you prepare and furnish to the taxpayer for the taxpayer’s signature. File Form 8948 with the tax return that is filed on paper. Form 8944 and Form 8948. Specified tax return preparers who submitted Form 8944, Preparer e-file Hardship Waiver Request, and received an approval letter, should file Form 8948 with the tax return that is being sent to the IRS. ! ▲ The taxpayer choice statement, which is described in Regulations section 301.6011-7(a)(4)(ii), is a separate document that should be kept with the preparer’s records. Do not attach the taxpayer choice statement to the tax return or otherwise send it to the IRS. CAUTION Specified Tax Return Preparer A specified tax return preparer is a tax return preparer, as identified in section 7701(a)(36) and Regulations section 301.7701-15, who is a preparer of covered returns and who reasonably expects (if the preparer is a member of a firm, the firm’s members in the aggregate reasonably expect) to file 11 or more covered returns during a calendar year. Aggregate filing of returns. For the e-file requirement, “aggregate” means the total number of covered returns reasonably expected to be filed by the firm as a whole. For example, if a firm has 2 preparers and each preparer in the firm reasonably expects to prepare and file 6 covered returns, the aggregate for the firm equals 12 covered returns, and each preparer is a specified tax return preparer. When a return is considered filed by a preparer. For the e-file requirement, a return is considered filed by a preparer if the preparer or any member, employee, or agent of the preparer or the preparer’s firm submits the tax return to the IRS on the taxpayer’s behalf, either electronically or in paper format. For example, the act of submitting includes having the preparer or a member of the preparer’s firm drop the return in a mailbox for the taxpayer. Acts such as providing filing or delivery instructions, an addressed envelope, postage estimates, stamps, or similar acts designed to assist the taxpayer in the taxpayer’s efforts to correctly mail or otherwise deliver a paper return to the IRS do not constitute filing by the preparer as long as the taxpayer actually mails or otherwise delivers the return to the IRS. Covered Returns Covered returns include any return of tax imposed by subtitle A on individuals, estates, or trusts. Covered returns that cannot be filed electronically. Some covered returns are not currently capable of being accepted electronically by the IRS. In certain instances, the IRS has instructed taxpayers not to file some covered returns electronically. Additionally, certain covered returns cannot be e-filed if they have attached forms, schedules, or documents that the IRS does not accept electronically and these forms, schedules, or documents cannot be sent to the IRS separately using Form 8453 or Form 8453-F as a transmittal document. In any of these situations, the preparer does not need to complete and submit Form 8948. However, if the forms, schedules, or documents can be sent to the IRS separately using Form 8453 or Form 8453-F as a transmittal document, the rest of the return must be e-filed. For more information, see Form 8453, Form 8453-F, and Notice 2011-26, 2011-17 I.R.B. 720. ! ▲ Do not check this box if the reason you could not e-file this return is that the IRS does not electronically accept a form or schedule attached to this return. Line 6a. Check this box if the preparer is a foreign person without a social security number who cannot enroll in IRS e-file and the preparer is not a member of a firm that is eligible to e-file. To qualify to check this box, the preparer must have applied for a PTIN and submitted Form 8946, PTIN Supplemental Application For Foreign Persons Without a Social Security Number. Do not attach the PTIN application or Form 8946 to the return. Line 6b. Check this box if the preparer is ineligible to e-file due to an IRS sanction. To qualify, the preparer must have received a letter from the IRS enforcing the sanction and the sanction must be in effect for some or all of the calendar year in which the return is being filed. Do not attach the sanction letter to the return. The preparer may check this box until such time as the sanction period ends or the IRS accepts the preparer into the IRS e-file program, whichever occurs first. If the preparer has filed a pending application for the IRS e-file program at the same time the sanction period ends, the preparer may continue to check this box until the IRS makes a decision about the preparer’s application. Line 6c. Check the box if the preparer is unable to e-file because of other verifiable and documented technological difficulties experienced by the preparer that are not described elsewhere on this form. Describe the circumstances in the space provided. CAUTION Paperwork Reduction Act Notice. We ask for the information on these forms to carry out the Internal Revenue laws of the United States. You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form must be retained as long as their contents may become material in the administration of any Internal Revenue law. Generally, tax returns and return information are confidential, as required by Code section 6103. The time needed to provide this information may vary depending on individual circumstances. The estimated average time is: Recordkeeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 min. Learning about the law or the form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 min. Preparing and sending the form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 min. If you have comments concerning the accuracy of these time estimates or suggestions for making this form simpler, we would be happy to hear from you. You can send us comments from www.irs.gov/FormComments. Or you can write to the Internal Revenue Service, Tax Forms and Publications Division, 1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526, Washington, DC 20224. Do not send this form to this office. Instead, see When To File, earlier.
Form 8948 (Rev. September 2018)
More about the Federal Form 8948 Other TY 2018
We last updated the Preparer Explanation for Not Filing Electronically in December 2018, so this is the latest version of Form 8948, fully updated for tax year 2018. You can download or print current or past-year PDFs of Form 8948 directly from TaxFormFinder. You can print other Federal tax forms here.
Other Federal Other Forms:
|Form Code||Form Name|
|Form 8962||Premium Tax Credit|
|Form W-4V||Voluntary Withholding Request|
|Form W-4||Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate|
|Form 433-D||Installment Agreement|
|Form 8840||Closer Connection Exception Statement for Aliens|
The Internal Revenue Service usually releases income tax forms for the current tax year between October and January, although changes to some forms can come even later. We last updated Federal Form 8948 from the Internal Revenue Service in December 2018.
Historical Past-Year Versions of Federal Form 8948
We have a total of six past-year versions of Form 8948 in the TaxFormFinder archives, including for the previous tax year. Download past year versions of this tax form as PDFs here:
Form 8948 (Rev. September 2018)
Form 8948 (Rev. December 2012)
Form 8948 (Rev. December 2012)
Form 8948 (Rev. December 2012)
Form 8948 (Rev. December 2012)
Form 8948 (Rev. December 2011)
While we do our best to keep our list of Federal Income Tax Forms up to date and complete, we cannot be held liable for errors or omissions. Is the form on this page out-of-date or not working? Please let us know and we will fix it ASAP.