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California Free Printable 2018 Form 3805Z - Enterprise Zone Business Booklet for 2020 California Enterprise Zone Business Booklet

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Enterprise Zone Business Booklet
2018 Form 3805Z - Enterprise Zone Business Booklet

2018 Enterprise Zone Business Booklet 3805Z California Forms & Instructions Members of the Franchise Tax Board Betty T. Yee, Chair George Runner, Member Keely Bosler, Member This booklet contains: Form FTB 3805Z, Enterprise Zone Deduction and Credit Summary 2018 Instructions for Form FTB 3805Z Enterprise Zone Businesses References in these instructions are to the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) as of January 1, 2015, and to the C ­ alifornia Revenue and Taxation Code (R&TC). Contents General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2 How to Claim Deductions and Credits . . . . .  4 Part I – Credits and Recapture . . . . . . . . . . .  4 Hiring Credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4 Hiring Credit Recapture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5 Worksheet IA, Hiring Credit and Recapture .  6 Sales or Use Tax Credit Carryover . . . . . . . .  7 Part II – Portion of Business Attributable to the Enterprise Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7 Part III – Net Operating Loss (NOL) Carryover and Deduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Worksheet II, Income or Loss  Apportionment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Instructions for Schedule Z – Computation   of Credit Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Worksheet III, Computation of NOL Carryover   and Carryover Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Form FTB 3805Z, Enterprise Zone   Deduction and Credit Summary . . . . . . . . 17 Schedule Z, Computation of   Credit Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Standard Industrial Classification Manual   1987 Edition (Partial Listing) . . . . . . . . . . 19 Principal Business Activity Codes . . . . . . . . 20 How to Get California Tax Information . . . . . 23 General Information In general, for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2015, California law conforms to the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) as of January 1, 2015. However, there are continuing differences between California and federal law. When California conforms to federal tax law changes, we do not always adopt all of the changes made at the federal level. For more information, go to ftb.ca.gov and search for conformity. Additional information can be found in FTB Pub. 1001, Supplemental Guidelines to California Adjustments, the instructions for California Schedule CA (540 or 540NR), and the Business Entity tax booklets. The instructions provided with California tax forms are a summary of California tax law and are only intended to aid taxpayers in preparing their state income tax returns. We include information that is most useful to the greatest number of taxpayers in the limited space available. It is not possible to include all requirements of the California Revenue and Taxation Code (R&TC) in the instructions. Taxpayers should not consider the instructions as authoritative law. Repeal of Geographically Targeted Economic Development Area Tax Incentives The California legislature repealed and made changes to all of the Geographically Targeted Economic Development Area (G-TEDA) Tax Incentives. EZs and Local Agency Military Base Recovery Areas (LAMBRA) were repealed on January 1, 2014. The Targeted Tax Areas (TTA) and Manufacturing Enhancement Areas (MEA) Page 2  FTB 3805Z Booklet  2018 both expired on December 31, 2012. For more information, go to ftb.ca.gov and search for repeal tax incentives. Enterprise Zone (EZ) Incentives Repealed For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, taxpayers cannot generate the following EZ incentives: • Business Expense Deduction • Net Interest Deduction • Net Operating Loss For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, taxpayers cannot generate any EZ Hiring Credit. However, qualified employees who are hired on or before December 31, 2013, by the qualified taxpayer within the EZ who paid or incurred qualified wages during the 60-month period immediately following the hire date, shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014. For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2015, taxpayers cannot generate the EZ Sales or Use Tax Credit. EZ Credits Carryover Period The portion of any EZ sales or use tax credit or hiring credit remaining for carryover to taxable years beginning on January 1, 2014, shall be carried over only to the succeeding 10 taxable years if necessary, or until the credit is exhausted, whichever occurs first. Any hiring credits generated in the current taxable year for employees hired on or before December 31, 2013, and unusable in the current taxable year, may be carried over to the succeeding 10 taxable years. EZ Incentives Generally, no further EZ incentives can be generated after the expiration or repeal date. Any EZ credit carryover or EZ net operating loss carryover can continue to be utilized to the extent of tax on business income or business income attributable to the former EZ. For employers engaged in a trade or business in a former EZ, the hiring credit can be taken for qualified employees hired on or before the date of expiration or repeal of the EZ for the full five-year period of the hiring credit. However, the hiring credit may not be taken for any employees hired after the date of expiration or repeal of the EZ. NASSCO AMT Reduction The Board of Equalization ruled in the Appeal of NASSCO Holdings, Inc., 2010-SBE-001, November 17, 2010, that a corporate taxpayer may use EZ credits and/or the Manufacturing Investment Credit (MIC) to reduce corporate alternative minimum tax (AMT). Go to ftb.ca.gov and search for notice 2011-02 for additional information. However, the MIC carryover has expired. Therefore, corporate taxpayers can no longer use MIC carryover to offset against AMT. Minimum Wage For any employer who employs 25 or fewer employees, the California minimum wage is: • $10.50 per hour from January 1, 2018 through December 31, 2018. • $11.00 per hour from January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019. For any employer who employs 26 or more employees, the California minimum wage is: • 11.00 per hour from January 1, 2018 through December 31, 2018. • $12.00 per hour from January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2019. Pass-Through Entities For purposes of this booklet, the term “pass‑through entity” refers to an S corporation, estate, trust, partnership, and a limited liability company (LLC). References to “partnerships” include LLCs classified as partnerships. Single-Sales Factor Formula R&TC Section 25128.7 requires all business income of an apportioning trade or business, other than an apportioning trade or business under R&TC Section 25128(b), to apportion its business income to California using the single‑sales factor formula. For more information, get Schedule R, Apportionment and Allocation of Income, or go to ftb.ca.gov and search for single sales factor. However, business income apportioned to the EZ continues to be apportioned based on the property and payroll factors. Assignment of Credit Credit earned by members of a combined reporting group may be assigned to an affiliated corporation that is an eligible member of the same combined reporting group. A credit assigned may only be claimed by the affiliated corporation against its tax liability. For more information, see Schedule Z, Computation of Credit Limitations, on page 12, Assignment of Credit; form FTB 3544, Election to Assign Credit Within Combined Reporting Group; and form FTB 3544A, List of Assigned Credit Received and/or Claimed by Assignee; or go to ftb.ca.gov and search for credit assignment. Introduction Economic Development Area (EDA) Tax Incentives California established four types of EDAs that have related tax incentives. These incentives have been established to stimulate growth and development in selected areas that were economically depressed. EDA tax incentives applied only to certain business transactions that were undertaken after an EDA had received final designation from the Housing and Community Development (HCD). Final designation was when the HCD designated an area to be an EDA. Tax incentives were available to individuals and businesses operating or investing within the geographic boundaries of the following EDAs: • Enterprise Zones (repealed on January 1, 2014) • Local Agency Military Base Recovery Areas (repealed on January 1, 2014) • Manufacturing Enhancement Areas (designation expired on December 31, 2012) • Targeted Tax Areas (designation expired on December 31, 2012) Additional information on other EDAs can be found in the following Franchise Tax Board (FTB) tax booklets: • The LAMBRA tax incentives, FTB 3807, Local Agency Military Base Recovery Area Business Booklet. • The MEA hiring credit, FTB 3808, Manufacturing Enhancement Area Business Booklet. • The TTA tax incentives, FTB 3809, Targeted Tax Area Business Booklet. References in this booklet to the “EZ” are interpreted as “the boundaries of the former EZ as it existed on December 31, 2013.” Reporting Requirement California statutes require the FTB to provide information to the California Legislature regarding the number of businesses using the EDA tax incentives, types of EDA tax incentives being used, and in which EDAs the businesses are claiming the tax incentives. Complete items A through I on Side 1 of form FTB 3805Z, Enterprise Zone Deduction and Credit Summary, as applicable. This information will be used to meet the FTB’s statutory reporting requirement. Purpose This booklet provides specific information on the available EZ tax incentives. Taxpayers operating or investing in a trade or business located within a designated EZ may be eligible for the following credit and/or claim the following credit carryover and carryover deduction: • Hiring Credit • Sales or Use Tax Credit Carryover • NOL Carryover Deduction Use this booklet to determine the correct amount of credits and deductions that a taxpayer may claim for operating or investing in a trade or business located within a designated EZ. Complete the worksheets in this booklet for each credit and deduction for which the business is eligible. Then enter the total credits and deductions on form FTB 3805Z. Enterprise Zone Designation EZs were established in California to provide tax incentives to businesses and allow private sector market forces to revive the local economy. The program offers special tax incentives to entities and individuals located in selected EZ areas and engaged in trades or businesses within the selected Standard Industrial Codes listed on page 19 of this booklet. The areas listed below are the areas that have been officially designated as EZs. Note: All EZs are repealed as of January 1, 2014. Repealed zones Anaheim Arvin Barstow Calexico Coachella Valley Compton Delano Eureka Fresno – City Fresno – County Harbor Gateway Communities Hesperia Imperial Valley Kings County Long Beach Los Angeles – East (formerly Eastside) Los Angeles – Holllywood Merced (formerly Merced/ Atwater) Oakland Oroville Pasadena Pittsburg-Bay Point Richmond Sacramento Salinas Valley San Bernardino (formerly Agua Mansa) San Diego San Francisco San Joaquin (formerly Stockton) San Jose Santa Ana Santa Clarita Valley Sequoia Valley Shasta Metro (formerly Redding/ Anderson) Siskiyou County (formerly Shasta Valley) Southgate – Lynwood Stanislaus (including Ceres, Modesto, Turlock and Stanislaus County) Taft West Sacramento Yuba/Sutter Expired zones Altadena/Pasadena Antelope Valley Bakersfield/Kern (formerly SE Bakersfield) Lindsay Los Angeles – Central City Los Angeles – Harbor Area Los Angeles – Mid-Alameda Corridor City of Lynwood Los Angeles – Northeast Madera Pittsburg Porterville Sacramento – Army Depot Sacramento – Florin Perkins San Diego – South Bay San Diego – Metro San Francisco Shafter Watsonville Valley For business eligibility or zone related information, including questions regarding EZ geographic boundaries and designation period dates, contact the HCD at hcd.ca.gov and search for directory of zone contacts to find Directory of Economic Development Areas. For information that is zone-specific but not tax-specific, you may contact the HCD. See page 23 for the HCD contact information. Forms List The titles of forms referred to in this booklet are: Form 100 California Corporation Franchise or Income Tax Return Form 100S California S Corporation Franchise or Income Tax Return Form 100W California Corporation Franchise or Income Tax Return – Water’s-Edge Filers Form 109 California Exempt Organization Business Income Tax Return Form 540 California Resident Income Tax Return Long Form California Nonresident or 540NR Part-Year Resident Income Tax Return Form 541 California Fiduciary Income Tax Return Form 565 Partnership Return of Income Form 568 Limited Liability Company Return of Income Schedule CA California Adjustments – (540) Residents Schedule CA California Adjustments – (540NR) Nonresidents or Part-Year Residents Schedule P Alternative Minimum Tax and (540) Credit Limitations – Residents Schedule P Alternative Minimum Tax (540NR) and Credit Limitations – ­Nonresidents and Part-Year Residents Schedule R Apportionment and Allocation of Income FTB Pub. Guidelines for Corporations 1061 Filing a Combined Report Schedule C S Corporation Tax Credits (100S) Schedule D-1 Sales of Business Property Schedule K-1 Shareholder’s Share of Income, (100S) Deductions, Credits, etc. Schedule K-1 Beneficiary’s Share of Income, (541) Deductions, Credits, etc. Schedule K-1 Partner’s Share of Income, (565) Deductions, Credits, etc. Schedule K-1 Member’s Share of Income, (568) Deductions, Credits, etc. FTB 3544 Election to Assign Credit Within Combined Reporting Group FTB 3544A List of Assigned Credit Received and/or Claimed by Assignee Important Considerations In general, EZ tax incentives applied only to investments and business activities undertaken within the EZ after the zone received final designation and before the designation expired or was repealed. Who Can Claim the EZ Tax Incentives? The EZ credits and deductions are available to individuals, sole proprietors, corporations, estates, trusts, and partnerships operating or investing in a trade or business located within a designated EZ. FTB 3805Z Booklet  2018  Page 3 How to Claim Deductions and Credits To claim any EZ deduction or credit, attach a completed form FTB 3805Z to the C ­ alifornia tax return. Attach a separate form FTB 3805Z for each EZ business operating or investing within a designated EZ and for each EZ in which the business operates. Also complete the following schedule and/or worksheets: • Corporations, complete Schedule Z and all the worksheets, except for Worksheet II, Income or Loss Apportionment, Section B. • Sole proprietors, complete Schedule Z and all the worksheets. • Trusts, estates, and partnerships, complete Worksheet IA Hiring Credit and Recapture, and Worksheet II, Section A. • Individual investors receiving pass-through EZ credits, complete Worksheet II, Section B and Schedule Z. All other investors complete Worksheet II, Section A and Schedule Z. • Individual investors receiving a pass-through loss, and having an overall NOL, complete Worksheet II, Section B and Worksheet III, Computation of NOL Carryover and Carryover Limitations. All other investors complete Worksheet III. Schedule Z is on Side 2 of form FTB 3805Z. Claim EZ business tax incentives on the following returns: Form 540 filers: Form 540, lines 43 through 45, as applicable. Long Form 540NR filers: Long Form 540NR, lines 58 through 60, as applicable. Form 100 filers: Form 100, line 20, and lines 24 through 26, as applicable. Form 100S filers: Form 100S, line 18, and lines 22 through 24 as applicable. Form 100W filers: Form 100W, line 20, and lines 24 through 26, as applicable. Form 109 filers: Check the “Yes” box for Question I at the top of Form 109, Side 1. Keep all completed worksheets and supporting documents for your records. Form FTB 3805Z – Instructions for Items A through I For corporations, estates, trusts, exempt organizations, and sole proprietors, who operate a business in the EZ, complete items A through I. Investors of pass-through entities, complete items A through D. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) and Principal Business Activity (PBA) Codes The PBA codes are based on the North American Industry Classification System Page 4  FTB 3805Z Booklet  2018 published by the United States Office of Management and Budget. The PBA codes are listed on page 20 through page 22 of this booklet. Enter the PBA code of your principal activities on form FTB 3805Z, Side 1. For purposes of qualifying for the Long Beach EZ hiring credit, use the SIC codes listed on page 19. For the Long Beach EZ, enter the SIC code of the establishment that qualifies you to take this credit on form FTB 3805Z, Side 1. If your trade or business has more than one establishment, and if more than one of them qualifies you to take this credit, enter the SIC code that best represents your primary qualifying establishment. Part I – Credits and Recapture Line 1a – Hiring Credit Note: All EZs are repealed as of January 1, 2014. For employers engaged in a trade or business in a former (expired) or repealed EZ, the hiring credit can be taken for qualified employees hired on or before December 31, 2013, for the full 60-month period of the hiring credit. The hiring credit may not be taken for any employees hired on or after January 1, 2014. Hiring credits and carryovers may still be claimed to the extent of business income apportioned to the former expired or repealed EZ. The portion of any credit remaining for carryover to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, shall be carried over only to the succeeding 10 taxable years if necessary, or until the credit is exhausted, whichever occurs first. Any hiring credits generated in the current taxable year for employees hired on or before December 31, 2013, and unusable in the current taxable year, may be carried over to the succeeding 10 taxable years. Employers hiring qualified employees, were required to obtain VoucherCert 10-07 from the local agency responsible for verifying employee eligibility on or before December 31, 2014. Do not file VoucherCert 10-07 with your tax return. Keep the voucher for your records. For vouchering questions, go to hcd.ca.gov and search for vouchering. Employers engaged in a trade or business within an EZ may claim the hiring credit for a qualified employee. A qualified employee is an individual who meets all of the following: • Was hired after the EZ received its final designation and before the designation expired. • Spends at least 90% of work time for the qualified employer on activities directly related to the conduct of a trade or business located within an EZ. • Performs at least 50% of the work for the qualified employer within the boundaries of the EZ. • Qualifies for the former program area hiring credit or meets any of the following at the time of hire:   1. A person receiving or eligible to receive subsidized employment, training, or services funded by the federal Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) or its successor.   2. A person eligible to be a voluntary or mandatory registrant under the Greater Avenues for Independence Act of 1985 (GAIN) or its successor.   3. A member of a targeted group as ­defined in the federal Work ­Opportunity Tax Credit.   4. An economically disadvantaged individual 14 years of age or older.   5. A qualified dislocated worker.   6. A disabled individual eligible for, enrolled in, or who completed a state rehabilitation plan.   7. A service-connected disabled veteran.   8. A veteran of the Vietnam era.   9. A veteran who recently separated from military service. 10. An ex-offender. 11. A person eligible for, or a recipient of any of the following: • Federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits. • Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). • State and local general assistance. 12. A Native American. 13. A resident of a targeted employment area (TEA). For more information, refer to the federal JTPA or its successor, the Workforce Investment Act (WIA). The percentage of wages used to compute the credit depends on the number of years the employee works for the employer in the EZ. The applicable percentage begins at 50% and declines 10% for each year of employment. After the fifth year of employment, no credit can be generated. Wages that qualify for the hiring credit are those wages paid to a qualified employee for the consecutive 60-month period beginning on the first date the employee commenced employment with the employer. For this purpose, commencement of employment or the hire date is the first day of employment for which the individual receives wages/compensation. For an employer that operates a business that has regularly occurring seasonal or intermittent employment decreases and increases, reemployment of an individual is not a new hire; rather, it is a continuation of the prior employment and does not constitute commencement of employment for the qualified wages test. The credit is based on the smaller of the following: • The actual hourly rate paid or incurred by the employer for work performed by the employee during the taxable year. • 150% of the minimum hourly wage established by the Industrial Welfare Commission. Where the ­California minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage, the C ­ alifornia minimum wage is used for purposes of computing the EZ hiring credit. The California minimum wage was $8 per hour prior to July 1, 2014; $9.00 per hour from July 1, 2014, through December 31, 2015; and $10.00 per hour from January 1, 2016, through December 31, 2017. For more information in regard to the California minimum wage, see General Information. For the example below, the minimum wage prior to July 1, 2014, was $8.00 per hour. For purposes of computing the EZ hiring credit, 150% of the minimum wage was $12.00 per hour. Example: John Anderson was hired on January 1, 2013. John’s hourly rate for the first month was the minimum wage of $8.00. At the beginning of the second month, his hourly rate increased to $9.00. In the third month, John’s hourly rate increased to $13.00. The hourly rate that qualifies for the credit is limited to 150% of the minimum wage, or $12.00 per hour. The amount of qualified wages is computed as follows: Month(s) Hours  x Hourly = Qualified wages per month  rate   per month allowed   1 175 $ 8.00 $1,400.00   2 170 $ 9.00 $1,530.00  3 170 $12.00 $2,040.00 Long Beach Enterprise Zone The percentage of wages on which the hiring credit is based increased for taxpayers engaged in aircraft manufacturing activities (described in Codes 3721, 3724, 3728, and 3812 of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1987 Edition, published by the United States Office of Management and Budget). See page 19 for a list of qualified SIC codes. Qualified wages for purposes of the hiring credit for such aircraft manufacturers located in the Long Beach EZ, for up to a maximum of 1,350 qualified employees, are based on the smaller of the following: • The actual hourly rate paid or incurred by the employer for work performed by the employee during the taxable year. • The rates (based on the time qualified wages are paid or incurred) which represent 202% of the minimum hourly wage. For more information in regard to the California minimum wage, see General Information. Example: John Anderson was hired on January 1, 2013. John’s hourly rate for the first month was $9.00. At the beginning of the second month, his hourly rate increased to $11.00. In the third month, John’s hourly rate increased to $16.50. The hourly rate that qualifies for the credit is limited to 202% of the minimum wage, or $16.16 per hour. The amount of qualified wages is computed as follows: Month(s) Hours   x Hourly = Qualified wages per month  rate   per month allowed   1 175 $ 9.00 $1,575.00  2 170 $11.00 $1,870.00  3 170 $16.16 $2,747.20 Record Keeping Retain a copy of Form VoucherCert 10-07 and the documentation given to the vouchering agency. In addition, for each qualified employee, keep a schedule for the first 60 months of employment showing (at least): • Employee’s name. • Date the employee was hired. • Number of hours the employee worked for each month of employment. • Smaller of the hourly rate of pay for each month of employment or 150% (or 202%, if applicable) of the minimum wage. • Location of the employee’s job site and duties performed. • Records of any other federal or state subsidies received for hiring the qualified employee. • Total qualified wages per month for each month of employment. Line 1b – Hiring Credit Recapture Recapture the amount of credit attributable to an employee’s wages if the employer terminates the employee at any time during the longer of either of the following: • The first 270 days of employment (whether or not consecutive). • 90 days of employment plus 270 calendar days. Employers of seasonal employees recapture the amount of hiring credit attributable to the employee’s wages if both of these apply: • The employer terminates the employee before the completion of 270 days of employment. • The 270 days is during the 60-month period beginning the day the employee commences employment with the employer. A “day of employment” means any day the employee receives wage compensation (including a paid sick day, holiday, or vacation day). The employer adds to the current year’s tax the amount of credit claimed in the year of termination and all prior years in which the credit was claimed for the terminated employee. The credit recapture does not apply if the termination of employment was any of the following: • Voluntary on the part of the employee. • In response to misconduct of the ­employee as defined in Cal. Code Regs., tit. 22, sections 1256-30 to 1256-43. • Caused by the employee becoming disabled (unless the employee was able to return to work and the employer did not offer to reemploy the individual). • Carried out so that other qualified individuals could be hired, creating a net increase in both the number of qualified employees and the number of hours worked. • Due to a substantial reduction in the employer’s trade or business operations. Instructions for Worksheet IA – Hiring Credit and Recapture Section A – Credit Computation Line 1, column (a) – Enter the name of each qualified employee. Attach additional schedule(s) if necessary. Line 1, column (b) through column (f) – Enter in the appropriate columns the qualified wages paid or incurred during the taxable year to each qualified employee listed in column (a). Example: If you are a 2014 calendar year taxpayer and you hired an employee on June 1, 2013, enter the total qualified wages paid to the employee for the period beginning January 1, 2014, and ending May 31, 2014, in column (b). You would enter the total qualified wages paid to the employee for the period beginning June 1, 2014, and ending December 31, 2014, in column (c). (a) (b) Employee 1st 12 months name John Doe Amount of qualified wages earned from 1/1/14 to 5/31/14. (c) 2nd 12 months Amount of qualified wages earned from 6/1/14 through 12/31/14. The qualified wages from June 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013, were put in column (b) on the 2013 worksheet. The credit computation is based on a 12 month period beginning with the employee’s hiring date. FTB 3805Z Booklet  2018  Page 5 Line 2, column (b) through column (f) – Add the amounts in each column. Line 3, column (b) through column (f) – Multiply the total in each column of line 2 by the percentage in each column. Line 5 – The following credits reduce the EZ hiring credit in the taxable year these credits are accrued. Use the following worksheet to determine the amount to enter on this line. Credit Amount 1 LAMBRA Hiring Credit . . . . . . . . _1 _______ 2 Enter the amount here if for the 2018 taxable year you claimed the Federal Work Opportunity Tax Credit for employees hired on or after January 1, 2010, and before August 31, 2011 (excluding unemployed veterans and disconnected youths as described in IRC Section 51(d)(14)). . . . . . . . _2 _______ 3 Total: Add line 1 and line 2. Enter on Worksheet IA, Section A, line 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . _3 _______ No other California jobs tax credit may be claimed for the same wage expense paid to employees shown in line 1, column (a). Line 6 A. For partnerships, enter the amount from line 6 on form FTB 3805Z, Side 1, Part I, line 1a. Include the current year hiring amount on Forms 565 and 568, Schedule K, line 15f and the distributive share of the credit to partners and members on Schedule K-1, line 15f. In addition, add the entire amount of the credit on Schedule K, line 1, column (c). B. For corporations, individuals, estates, and trusts, enter the amount from line 6 on Schedule Z, as follows: • Part II, line 8B, column (b) for ­corporations, individuals, estates, and trusts. • Part III, line 10, column (b) for S corporations. • Part IV, line 12, column (b) for ­corporations and S corporations subject to paying only the minimum franchise tax. Important: Affiliated corporations that received credits assigned under R&TC Section 23663, do not include the assigned credits received on this worksheet. Those credits are entered and tracked on form FTB 3544A. Credit Limitations • Businesses reduce any deduction for wages by the amount of the hiring credit. • S corporations are allowed only 1/3 of the EZ hiring credit by operation of law. S corporations reduce their wage deduction by 1/3 of the amount on Worksheet IA, Section A, line 6. Make the wage deduction adjustment on Form 100S, line 7. In addition, add back the entire amount of the credit on Form 100S, Schedule K, line 1, column (c). Example: In 2018, an S corporation qualified for a $3,000 EZ hiring credit. S corporations can claim only 1/3 of the credit ($3,000 x 1/3 = $1,000). Therefore, the S corporation must reduce its wage deduction by $1,000. On Form 100S, Schedule K, line 1, column (c), the S corporation would add $3,000 to its ordinary income or loss to reflect the credit passed through to the shareholder(s). • The amount of hiring credit claimed may not exceed the amount of tax on the EZ business income in any year. Use Schedule Z to compute the credit ­limitation. • In the case where the wage expense qualifies the business to take the EZ hiring credit as well as the LAMBRA, MEA, or TTA hiring credit, the business may claim only one credit. • The portion of any credit remaining for carryover to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, shall be carried over only to the succeeding 10 taxable years if necessary, or until the credit is exhausted, whichever occurs first. In the case of an S corporation, 1/3 of the credit can be carried over if it cannot be used in the current year. The remaining 2/3 must be disregarded and may not be carried over.  Worksheet IA  Hiring Credit and Recapture – Enterprise Zones Section A  Credit Computation. You cannot take the EZ hiring credit and another credit for the same wage expense. Qualified wages paid or incurred for year of employment (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Employee’s name 1st year 2nd year 3rd year 4th year 1 (f) 5th year 2 Total. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Multiply line 2 by the percentage for each .50 .40 .30 .20 .10 column. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Add the amounts on line 3, column (b) through column (f) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5 Enter the total amount of 2018 California and federal jobs tax credits allowed. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6 Subtract the amount on line 5 from the amount on line 4 and enter the result here. See instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Section B  Credit Recapture (a) (b) Terminated employee’s name Recapture amount 1 2 Total amount of credit recapture. Add the amount in column (b). See instructions for where to report on your California tax return . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Page 6  FTB 3805Z Booklet  2018 For additional information about the treatment of credits for S corporations, see instructions for Schedule Z. Section B – Credit Recapture Line 1, column (a) – Enter the name of the terminated employee. Attach additional schedule(s) if necessary. Line 1, column (b) – Enter the amount of credit recapture for each employee listed in column (a). Line 2 – Enter the amount from line 2, column (b) on form FTB 3805Z, Side 1, Part I, line 1b. Also, include the amount of hiring credit recapture on your ­California tax return or schedule as follows: • Form 100, Schedule J, line 5. • Form 100S, Schedule J, line 5 and Schedule K-1 (100S), line 17d. • Form 100W, Schedule J, line 5. • Form 109, Schedule K, line 4. • Form 540, line 63. • Long Form 540NR, line 73. • Form 541, line 37 and Schedule K-1 (541), line 14d. • Form 565, Schedule K, line 20c and Schedule K-1 (565), line 20c. • Form 568, Schedule K, line 20c and Schedule K-1 (568), line 20c. Indicate that you included the hiring credit recapture on your tax return by writing “FTB 3805Z” in the space provided or next to the line on the schedule or form. Partnerships identify the recapture amounts for partners and members on Schedule K-1 (565 or 568). S corporation shareholders recapture the portion of credit that was previously claimed, based on the terminated employee’s wages. In addition, identify the recapture amount for shareholders on Schedule K-1 (100S). This amount will differ from the amount recaptured by the S corporation on Form 100S, Schedule J. Line 1c – Sales or Use Tax Credit Carryover All EZs are repealed as of January 1, 2014. For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, taxpayers cannot generate any sales or use tax credit. However, taxpayers can claim the EZ sales or use tax credit carryover from previous years to the extent of the amount of tax on the business income apportioned to the former EZ. The portion of any credit remaining for carryover to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, shall be carried over only to the succeeding 10 taxable years if necessary, or until the credit is exhausted, whichever occurs first. Part II – Portion of Business Attributable to the Enterprise Zone EZ tax credits are limited to the tax on business income attributable to operations within the EZ. EZ deductions are limited to business income attributable to operations within the EZ. If the business is located within and outside an EZ, or in more than one EZ, determine the portion of total business operations that are attributable to each EZ. Each taxpayer must complete one form FTB 3805Z for each zone, and therefore, must also compute the income limitation for each one. For taxpayers operating in an expired EZ, any EZ credit or NOL carryover can be utilized to the extent of business income apportioned to the former EZ. Business Income vs. Nonbusiness Income Only business income is apportioned to the EZ to determine the incentive limitation. Business income is defined as income arising from transactions and activities in the regular course of the trade or business. Business income includes income from tangible and intangible property if the acquisition, management, and disposition of the property constitute integral parts of the regular trade or business operations. Nonbusiness income is all income other than business income. See Cal. Code Regs., tit. 18 section 25120 for further references and examples of nonbusiness income. For corporations and entities doing business in and outside of the enterprise zone, use Worksheet II, Section A, to determine the EZ apportionment factor to determine the amount of business income attributable to the Enterprise Zone. Pass-through entities report to their shareholders, beneficiaries, partners, and members the following: 1. The distributive (or pro-rata for S corporations) share of the business income apportioned to the EZ. 2. The distributive (or pro-rata for S corporations) share of the business capital gains and losses apportioned to the EZ included in item 1. 3. The distributive (or pro-rata for S corporation) share of the EZ property and payroll to corporate partners, members, shareholders, beneficiaries. Report these items as other information on Schedule K-1 (100S, 541, 565 or 568.) For an individual, use Worksheet II, Section B to determine business income attributable to the EZ. Business income includes but is not limited to California business income or loss from federal Form 1040 (Schedule C, Profit or Loss from Business (Sole Proprietorship); Schedule D, Capital Gains and Losses; Schedule E, Supplemental Income and Loss; Schedule F, Profit or Loss from Farming); and California Schedule D-1, Sales of Business Property (or federal Form 4797, Sales of Business Property, if California Schedule D-1 is not needed), as well as wages. Be sure to include casualty losses, disaster losses, and any business deductions reported on federal Form 1040, Schedule A as itemized deductions. Generally, all income which arises from the conduct of trade or business operations of a taxpayer is business income. If you elected to claim part or all of your current year disaster loss under IRC Section 165(i)(1) on prior year’s tax return, do not include the amount of the loss that was claimed on prior year’s tax return in your current year business income from the EZ. Apportionment Business income is apportioned to an EZ by multiplying the total California business income of the taxpayer by a fraction. The numerator is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator is two. Loss is apportioned to an EZ by multiplying the taxpayer’s total overall business loss by a fraction. If a taxpayer conducts businesses in more than one EZ, the EZ apportionment factor and credit limitations are computed separately for each EZ. Property Factor Property is defined as the average value of all real and tangible personal property owned or rented by the business and used during the taxable year to produce business income. Property owned by the business is valued at its original cost. Original cost is the basis of the property for federal income tax purposes (prior to any federal adjustment) at the time of acquisition by the business, adjusted for subsequent capital additions or improvements and partial dispositions because of sale or exchange. Allowance for depreciation is not considered. Rented property is valued at eight times the net annual rental rate. The net annual rental rate for any item of rented property is the total rent paid for the property, less total annual subrental rates paid by subtenants. Payroll Factor Payroll is defined as the total amount paid to the business’s employees as compensation for the production of business income during the taxable year. Compensation means wages, salaries, commissions, and any other form of remuneration paid directly to employees for personal services. FTB 3805Z Booklet  2018  Page 7 Payments made to independent contractors or any other person not properly classified as an employee are excluded. Compensation Within the Enterprise Zone Compensation is considered to be within the EZ if any of the following tests are met: 1. The employee’s services are performed within the geographical boundaries of the EZ. 2. The employee’s services are performed within and outside the EZ, but the services performed outside the EZ are incidental to the employee’s service within the EZ. Incidental means any temporary or transitory service performed in connection with an isolated transaction. 3. If the employee’s services are performed within and outside the EZ, the employee’s compensation is attributed to the EZ if any of the following items are met: A. The employee’s base of operations is within the EZ. B. There is no base of operations in any other part of the state in which some part of the service is performed, and the place from which the service is directed or controlled is within the EZ. C. The base of operations or the place from which the service is directed or controlled is not in any other part of the state in which some part of the service is performed and the employee’s residence is within the EZ. Base of operations is the permanent place from which employees start work and customarily return in order to receive instruction from the taxpayer or communications from their customers or persons; to replenish stock or other material; to repair equipment; or to perform any other functions necessary in the exercise of their trade or profession at some other point or points. Corporations Filing a Combined Report When determining the income attributable to the EZ, the business income of each corporation doing business in the EZ is the business income apportioned to California as determined under combined report mechanics. For more information on combined reports, get FTB Pub. 1061. Each corporation computes the income attributable to the EZ by multiplying California business by EZ apportionment factor computed in Worksheet II, Section A. The EZ property and payroll factors used to determine the EZ income includes only the taxpayer’s California amounts in the ­denominator. Each corporation doing business in the EZ compute the business income attributable to the EZ according to their own apportioned California business income and interstate apportionment factors. Page 8  FTB 3805Z Booklet  2018 Example: Computation of EZ income assigned to each entity operating within the EZ Parent corporation A has two subsidiaries, B and C. Corporations A and B operate within an EZ. The combined group operates within and outside California and apportions its income to California using Schedule R. Assume the combined group’s business income apportioned to California was $1,000,000 and Corporation A’s and B’s share of business income assigned to California is $228,000 and $250,000 respectively. Corporation A’s and B’s separate EZ and separate California property and payroll factor amounts are shown as follows. Business income apportioned to the EZ was determined as follows: A B Payroll Factor When determining income apportioned to the EZ, the numerator of the payroll factor is the taxpayer’s total compensation paid to the employees for working within the EZ during the taxable year. See Worksheet II, Section A, column (b). The denominator of the payroll factor is the taxpayer’s total compensation paid to employees working in California. See Worksheet II, Section A, column (a). The average apportionment percentage shown on line 4 represents the portion of the taxpayer’s total business that is attributable to activities conducted within the EZ. Factors with zero balances in the totals of column (a) will not be included in the computation of the average apportionment percentage. For example, if the taxpayer does not have any payroll within or outside the EZ, the average Property Factor EZ property $1,000,000 $  800,000 apportionment percentage would be computed California property $1,000,000 $1,200,000 by dividing line 3 by one instead of by two as   Apportionment % 100% 66.66% normally instructed. Payroll Factor EZ payroll $  800,000 $  800,000 California payroll $  800,000 $1,000,000   Apportionment % 100% 80% Average Apportionment % 100% 73.33% (Property + Payroll Factors)      2 Apportioned Business Income $  228,000 $  250,000 EZ business income $   228,000 $  183,325 Instructions for Worksheet II – Income or Loss Apportionment Section A – Income Apportionment Use Worksheet II, Section A, Income Apportionment, to determine the amount of business income apportioned to the EZ. If the business operates solely within a single EZ and all its property and payroll are solely within that single EZ, enter 100% (1.00) on Section A, line 4, column (c). Do not complete the rest of Worksheet II. The apportioned EZ business income determines the amount of the tax incentives that can be used. A taxpayer’s EZ business income is its California business income multiplied by the specific EZ apportionment percentage computed in Worksheet II, Section A. Property Factor When determining the income apportioned to the EZ, the numerator of the property factor is the average value of the real and tangible personal property owned or rented by the business and used within the EZ during the taxable year to produce EZ business income. See Worksheet II, Section A, column (b). The denominator of the property factor is the total average value of all the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used during the taxable year within California. See Worksheet II, Section A, column (a). Section B – Income or Loss Apportionment Form 540 and Long Form 540NR filers, use Worksheet II, Section B to determine the amount to enter on the following: • Worksheet III, line 1 and line 6 • Schedule Z, Part I, line 1 and line 3 Do not include disaster losses in any amounts used in the table. Only California source business income is apportioned to the EZ. A taxpayer’s EZ business income is its California apportioned business income computed using Schedule R, multiplied by the specific EZ apportionment percentage computed using Worksheet II, Section A. Determine which portion of the taxpayer’s net income is “business income” and which portion is “nonbusiness income.” Only business income is apportioned to the EZ. See Part II, Portion of Business Attributable to the Enterprise Zone instructions, for a complete discussion of business and nonbusiness income. Part I – Individual Income and Expense Items Wages Taxpayers with wages from a company located within and outside an EZ determine the EZ wage income by entering the percentage of the time that they worked within the EZ in column (b). The percentage of time should be for the same period for which the wages entered on line 1 were earned. Determine this percentage based on their record of time and events such as a travel log or entries in a daily planner. Part II – Pass-Through Income or Loss Individuals with a Schedule K-1 The individual partner, member, or shareholder completes Worksheet II, Section B, Part II, Pass-Through Income or Loss, and Schedule Z, Computation of Credit Limitation. Multiple Pass-Through Entities If you are a shareholder, beneficiary, partner, or member of multiple pass-through entities located in the same enterprise zone, see the example for computing your enterprise zone business income. Example: Trade or business income from Entity’s Schedule K-1 EZ EZ Pass-through (100S, 541, apportionment apportioned entity 565, or 568) percentage income ABC, Inc. $40,000 80% $32,000 A, B, & C 30,000 10% ABC, LLC 10,000 50% Total 3,000 5,000 $40,000 Part III – Taxpayer’s Trade or Business Business Income or Loss Use business income or loss from federal Form 1040 Schedules C, C-EZ, E, and F, plus California adjustments from Schedule CA (540 or 540NR) for each trade or business. Also include business capital gains and losses from Schedule D and business gains and losses from California Schedule D-1 (or federal Form 4797, if California Schedule D-1 is not needed) as adjusted on Schedule CA (540 or 540NR). Income Computation Located Entirely Within the Enterprise Zone Line 6 – Line 9: If your business operation reported on federal Form 1040 Schedule C, C‑EZ, E, F, or other schedule is entirely within the EZ, enter the income or loss from this activity in column (a), and enter 1.00 in column (b). Line 11 and Line 12: If the gain or loss reported on Schedule D or Schedule D-1 as adjusted on Schedule CA (540 or 540NR) was attributed to an asset used in an activity conducted entirely within the EZ, enter the gain or loss reported in column (a), and enter 1.00 in column (b). Located Entirely Within California Line 6 – Line 9: If your business operation reported on federal Form 1040 Schedule C, C‑EZ, E, F, or other schedule is entirely within California, enter the income or loss from this activity in column (a). To determine the apportionment percentage in column (b), complete Worksheet II, Section A. Enter the percentage from Worksheet II, Section A, line 4, column (c) on Worksheet II, Section B, column (b). Line 11 and Line 12: If the gain or loss reported on Schedule D or Schedule D-1 as adjusted on Schedule CA (540 or 540NR) was attributed to an asset used in an activity conducted entirely within California, enter the gain or loss reported in column (a). To determine the apportionment percentage in column (b), complete Worksheet II, Section A. Enter the percentage from Worksheet II, Section A, line 4, column (c) on Worksheet II, Section B, column (b). Located Within and Outside the Enterprise Zone and California Line 6 – Line 9: If your business operation reported on federal Form 1040 Schedule C, C‑EZ, E, F, or other schedule is within and outside the EZ and California, get California Schedule R and complete line 1 through line 18b and line 28 through line 31. Enter the amount on Schedule R, line 18b and line 31 in column (a) of this worksheet. To determine the apportionment percentage in column (b), complete Worksheet II, Section A. Enter the percentage from Worksheet II, Section A, line 4, column (c) on Worksheet II, Section B, column (b). When computing Schedule R, disregard any reference to Forms 100, 100S, 100W, 100X, 565, or 568. Also disregard any reference to Schedules R-3, R-4, or R-5. Nonresidents that have an apportioning business that operates within the EZ should have already computed Schedule R, and can use those amounts when that schedule is referenced. Residents complete a Schedule R in order to determine their California source business income for purposes of the EZ credit computation. Line 11 and Line 12: If the gain or loss reported on Schedule D or Schedule D-1 as adjusted on Schedule CA (540 or 540NR) was attributed to an asset used in an activity conducted within and outside the EZ and California, get Schedule R and complete Schedule R-1. Multiply the gain or loss reported by the percentage on Schedule R-1, Part A, line 2 or Part B, line 5 and enter the result in column (a). To determine the apportionment percentage in column (b), complete Worksheet II, Section A. Enter the percentage from Worksheet II, Section A, line 4, column (c) on Worksheet II, Section B, column (b). Line 14 – If you are computing the EZ business income and the result on the Worksheet II, Section B, line 14, column (c) is a positive amount and: • You have EZ NOL carryovers, enter the amount on Worksheet III, line 1 and line 6 (skip line 2 through line 5). • You have EZ credit or credit carryovers, enter the amount on Schedule Z, Part I, line 1 and line 3 (skip line 2). If the amount is negative, you do not have any business income attributed to the EZ and you cannot utilize any EZ NOL carryover, credit(s), or credit carryover(s) in the current taxable year. Part III – Net Operating Loss (NOL) Carryover and Deduction All EZs are repealed as of January 1, 2014. Taxpayers can no longer generate any EZ NOL beginning on or after January 1, 2014. However, taxpayers can claim an NOL carryover deduction from prior years. For NOLs incurred in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2008, California has extended the NOL carryover period to 20 taxable years following the year of the loss. A business that operates or invests within an EZ that generated an NOL in a taxable year beginning before January 1, 2008, can carry the NOL forward 15 years. In addition, up to 100% of the NOL generated in an EZ can be carried forward. For taxable years beginning in 2010 and 2011, California suspended the NOL carryover deduction. Taxpayers continued to compute and carryover NOLs during the suspension period. However, corporations with net income after state adjustments (pre-apportioned income) or individuals with modified adjusted gross income of less than $300,000, or with disaster loss carryovers are not affected by the NOL suspension rules. If corporations are required to be included in a combined report, the 2010 and 2011 NOL limitation amount of $300,000 or more shall apply to the aggregate amount of pre‑apportioned income for all members included in the combined report. Corporations use Form 100 or Form 100W, line 17, or Form 100S, line 14 less line 16 to determine net income after state adjustments (pre-apportioned income). Individuals use the amount shown on your federal tax return for the same taxable year without regard to the federal NOL deduction (Form 540/540NR, line 13, plus the federal NOL deduction listed on column C of Schedule CA (540), Part I, line 21c, or Schedule CA (540NR), Part II, line 21c. For taxable years beginning in 2008 and 2009, California suspended the NOL carryover deduction. Taxpayers continued to compute and carryover NOL during the suspension period. However, corporations with taxable income or individuals with net business income of less than $500,000, or with disaster loss carryovers were not affected by the NOL suspension rules. The carryover periods for any NOL or NOL carryover, for which a deduction is disallowed because of the 2008 - 2011 suspension, are extended by: • One year for losses incurred in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2010, and before January 1, 2011. • Two years for losses incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2010. FTB 3805Z Booklet  2018  Page 9 • Three years for losses incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2009. • Four years for losses incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2008. For more information, get form FTB 3805Q, Net Operating Loss (NOL) Computation and NOL and Disaster Loss Limitations - Corporations, or form FTB 3805V, Net Operating Loss (NOL) Computation and NOL and Disaster Loss Limitations - Individuals, Estates, and Trusts. For taxable years beginning in 2002 and 2003, California had suspended the NOL carryover deduction. Taxpayers continued to carryover an NOL during the suspension period. The carryover period for suspended losses was extended by two years for losses incurred before January 1, 2002, and by one year for losses incurred on or after January 1, 2002, and before January 1, 2003. The business cannot generate NOLs from activities within the EZ before the first taxable year beginning on or after the date the EZ is officially designated. Limitation An EZ NOL carryover deduction can only offset business income attributable to operations within the EZ. Election If you elected and designated the carryover category (general or specific, EZ or LAMBRA NOL) on the original tax return for the year of a loss, file form FTB 3805Z for each year in which an EZ NOL deduction is being taken. The election is irrevocable. If you elected the EZ NOL deduction, you are prohibited by law from carrying over any other type of NOL, relating to EZ activities, from this year. Alternative Minimum Tax For taxpayers claiming an EZ NOL carryover deduction, use Schedule P (100, 100W, 540, 540NR, or 541) to compute the NOL for alternative minimum tax purposes. S Corporations EZ NOLs incurred prior to becoming an S corporation cannot be used against S corporation income. See IRC Section 1371(b). However, an S corporation is allowed to deduct an EZ NOL incurred after the “S” election is made. An S corporation may use the NOL carryover as a deduction against income subject to the 1.5% entity-level tax (3.5% for financial S corporations). The expenses (and income) giving rise to the loss are also passed through to the shareholders in the year the loss is incurred. Combined Report Corporations that are members of a unitary group filing a combined report must separately compute loss carryover for each corporation in the group (R&TC Section 25108) using their individual apportionment factors. Unlike the NOL treatment on a federal consolidated tax return, a loss carryover for one member included in a combined report may not be applied to the intrastate apportioned income of another member included in a combined report. Water’s-Edge Taxpayer For any water’s-edge taxpayer, R&TC Section 24416(c) imposes a limitation on the NOL deduction if the NOL is generated during a non-water’s edge tax year. The NOL carryover is limited to the lesser of the NOL or the re-computed NOL. The re-computed NOL carryover is determined by computing the income and factors of the original worldwide combined reporting group, as if the water’s‑edge election had been in force for the year of the loss. R&TC Section 24416(c) serves as a limitation. If this section applies, the NOL carryover for each corporation may only be decreased, not increased. Instructions for Worksheet III – Computation of NOL Carryover and Carryover Limitations Individuals, exempt trusts, and corporations with current year income and prior year EZ NOL carryover complete Worksheet III. An EZ NOL carryover deduction can only offset business income attributable to operations within the EZ. Use this worksheet to compute the NOL carryover deduction for individuals,  Worksheet II  Income or Loss Apportionment – Enterprise Zones Section A  Income Apportionment Use Worksheet II, Section A, if your business has net income from sources within and outside an EZ. PROPERTY FACTOR 1 Average yearly value of owned real and tangible personal property used in the business (at original cost). See instructions for more information. Exclude property not connected with the business and the value of construction in progress. Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Machinery and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture and fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Delivery equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Land . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other tangible assets (attach schedule) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rented property used in the business. See instructions . . . Total property values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PAYROLL FACTOR 2 Employees’ wages, salaries, commissions, and other compensation related to business income included in the tax return. Total payroll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Total percentage – sum of the percentages in column (c) . 4 Average apportionment percentage – 1/2 of line 3. Enter here and on form FTB 3805Z, Side 1, line 2 . . . . . . . Page 10  FTB 3805Z Booklet  2018 (a) Total within California (b) Total within an EZ (c) Percentage within an EZ column (b) ÷ column (a)  Worksheet II  Income or Loss Apportionment – Enterprise Zones (continued) Section B  Income or Loss Apportionment Part I  Individual Income and Expense Items. See instructions. (a) Amount (b) Percentage of time providing services in the EZ (c) Apportioned amount column (a) x column (b)  1 Wages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2 Employee business expenses . . . . . . . .   3 Total. Combine line 1, column (c) and line 2, column (c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Part II  Pass-Through Income or Loss. See instructions. (a) (b) Name of entity Distributive or pro-rata share of business income or loss apportioned to the EZ from Schedule K-1 (100S, 541, 565, or 568) including capital gains and losses  4  5 Total. Add line 4, column (b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Part III  Taxpayer’s Trade or Business. See instructions. (a) Business income or loss (b) Apportionment percentage for the EZ (c) Apportioned income or loss column (a) x column (b)  6 Schedule C or C-EZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7 Schedule E (Rentals) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8 Schedule F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9 Other business income or loss . . . . . . . . 10 Total. Add line 6 through line 9, column (c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (a) Business gain or loss (b) Apportionment percentage for the EZ (c) Apportioned gain or loss column (a) x column (b) 11 Schedule D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Schedule D-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Total. Add line 11, column (c) and line 12, column (c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Total. Add line 3, line 10, and line 13, column (c), and line 5, column (b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . exempt trusts, and corporations to reduce current year business income from the EZ. Line 1 – See Part II for a discussion of business and nonbusiness income. Form 540 and Form 540NR filers: Be sure to include casualty losses, disaster losses, and any business deductions reported on federal Schedule A as itemized deductions. Exception: If you elected to claim part or all of your current year disaster loss under IRC Section 165(i)(1) on prior year’s tax return, do not include the amount of loss that was claimed on prior year’s tax return in your current year business income for the EZ. Line 2 – In modifying your income, deduct your capital losses only up to your capital gains. Enter as a positive number any net capital losses included in line 1. Line 3 – Corporations must reduce income by the disaster loss deduction and the deduction for excess net passive income. Line 6 – This is your modified taxable income (MTI). You may reduce this amount by your EZ NOL carryover deduction. Your EZ NOL carryover deduction may not be larger than your MTI. If your MTI is a loss in the current year or if it limits the amount of NOL you may use this year, carry over the NOL to future years. Line 7 – Enter the amount from line 6 in line 7, column (d). If this amount is zero or negative, transfer the amounts from line 8b through line 8q, column (b) to column (e), and go to line 9. Line 8a through Line 8q – Enter the amounts on line 8a through line 8q as positive numbers. In column (c), enter the smaller of the amount in column (b) or the amount in column (d) from the previous line. In column (d), enter the result of subtracting column (c) from the balance on the previous line in column (d). In column (e), enter the result of subtracting the amount in column (c) from the amount in column (b), as applicable. Example: (b) (c) (d) (e) Carry‑ over from prior year Amount deducted this year Enterprise zone NOL carryover $ 500 $ 500 Balance available to offset losses $5,000 $4,500 $ 0 FTB 3805Z Booklet  2018  Page 11 Line 9 – Total the amounts in column (b) and column (e). Enter the totals from line 9, columns (b), and (e) on form FTB 3805Z, Side 1, line 3a and line 3c, accordingly. Your EZ NOL carryover deduction
Extracted from PDF file 2018-california-3805-z-booklet.pdf, last modified November 2018

More about the California 3805-Z Booklet Corporate Income Tax

We last updated the Enterprise Zone Business Booklet in January 2019, and the latest form we have available is for tax year 2018. This means that we don't yet have the updated form for the current tax year. Please check this page regularly, as we will post the updated form as soon as it is released by the California Franchise Tax Board. You can print other California tax forms here.

Related California Corporate Income Tax Forms:

TaxFormFinder has an additional 174 California income tax forms that you may need, plus all federal income tax forms. These related forms may also be needed with the California 3805-Z Booklet.

Form Code Form Name
Form 3805-Z Enterprise Zone Deduction and Credit Summary

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Form Sources:

California usually releases forms for the current tax year between January and April. We last updated California 3805-Z Booklet from the Franchise Tax Board in January 2019.

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About the Corporate Income Tax

The IRS and most states require corporations to file an income tax return, with the exact filing requirements depending on the type of company.

Sole proprietorships or disregarded entities like LLCs are filed on Schedule C (or the state equivalent) of the owner's personal income tax return, flow-through entities like S Corporations or Partnerships are generally required to file an informational return equivilent to the IRS Form 1120S or Form 1065, and full corporations must file the equivalent of federal Form 1120 (and, unlike flow-through corporations, are often subject to a corporate tax liability).

Additional forms are available for a wide variety of specific entities and transactions including fiduciaries, nonprofits, and companies involved in other specific types of business.

Historical Past-Year Versions of California 3805-Z Booklet

We have a total of two past-year versions of 3805-Z Booklet in the TaxFormFinder archives, including for the previous tax year. Download past year versions of this tax form as PDFs here:


2018 3805-Z Booklet

2018 Form 3805Z - Enterprise Zone Business Booklet

2017 3805-Z Booklet

2017 Booklet 3805Z, Enterprise Zone Business Booklet


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